This unique volume explores such themes as the political and economic forces that cause immigration; the alienation and uprootedness that often follow relocation; and the difficult questions of citizenship and assimilation.
Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)
Meet the Author
Jon Gjerde died in October 2008. He was Alexander F. and May T. Morrison professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1982. His areas of expertise included nineteenth-century America with particular reference to immigration and religion, and he published some thirty articles on these subjects. He also published FROM PEASANTS TO FARMERS: THE MIGRATION FROM BALESTRAND, NORWAY, TO THE UPPER MIDDLE WEST (1985) and THE MINDS OF THE WEST: THE ETHNOCULTURAL EVOLUTION OF THE RURAL MIDDLE WEST, 1830-1917 (1997), both of which won the Theodore Saloutos Memorial Book Award of the Immigration History Society for the best book in agricultural history.
Thomas G. Paterson, professor emeritus of history at the University of Connecticut, graduated from the University of New Hampshire (B.A., 1963) and the University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1968). He is the author of Soviet-American Confrontation (1973), Meeting the Communist Threat (1988), On Every Front (1992), Contesting Castro (1994), America Ascendant (with J. Garry Clifford, 1995), and A People and a Nation (with Mary Beth Norton et al., 2001). Tom is also the editor of Cold War Critics (1971), Kennedy's Quest for Victory (1989), Imperial Surge (with Stephen G. Rabe, 1992), The Origins of the Cold War (with Robert McMahon, 1999), Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations (with Michael J. Hogan, 2004), and Major Problems in American Foreign Relations (with Dennis Merrill, 2010). With Bruce Jentleson, he served as senior editor for the Encyclopedia of American Foreign Relations (1997). A microfilm edition of The United States and Castro's Cuba, 1950s-1970s: The Paterson Collection appeared in 1999. He has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of American History and Diplomatic History. A recipient of a Guggenheim fellowship, he has directed National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminars for College Teachers. In 2000 the New England History Teachers Association recognized his excellence in teaching and mentoring with the Kidger Award. Besides visits to many American campuses, Tom has lectured in Canada, China, Colombia, Cuba, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, Russia, and Venezuela. He is a past president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, which in 2008 honored him with the Laura and Norman Graebner Award for "lifetime achievement" in scholarship, service, and teaching. A native of Oregon, Tom is now informally associated with Southern Oregon University.
Each chapter concludes with Further Reading. 1. Approaches to American Immigration and Ethnic History ESSAYS Oscar Handlin, Immigration Portrayed as an Experience of Uprootedness John Bodnar, Immigration Portrayed as an Experience of Transplantation John Higham, The Problem of Assimilation in the United States Kathleen Neils Conzen et al., The Invention of Ethnicity in the United States 2. Strangers in the Realm: Migrants to British Colonial North America, 1609-1785 DOCUMENTS Olaudah Equiano, an African, Recounts the Horror of Enslavement, 1757 Gottlieb Mittelberger, a German, Describes the Difficulties of Immigration, 1750 William Moraley, an Indentured Servant, Explains the Condition of Labor in Pennsylvania, 1743 Peter Kalm, a Traveler, Observes the Variety of Labor in the Colonies, 1750 Hugh Boulter Recounts the Discontent in Ireland That Resulted in Emigration, 1728 Benjamin Franklin Advises Those Who Might Move to America, 1784 William Byrd II, a Land Speculator, Promotes Immigration, 1736 ESSAYS T.H. Breen, Creative Adaptations: Peoples and Cultures Russell R. Menard, Outcome of the Repeopling of British North America on Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans 3. Nation and Citizenship in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1800 DOCUMENTS Benjamin Franklin Opposes the Migration of Non-English into the Colonies, 1755 Daniel Dulany, a Jurist, Defends the Rights of Aliens in Maryland, 1758 Patrick M'Roberts Defends Immigration, 1774 J. Hector St. Jean de Crevecoeur Celebrates the Possibilities of America for Its Immigrants, 1782 The German Press in Philadelphia Defends the War for Independence, 1776 African Americans Petition for Their Freedom, 1774-1777 Congress Establishes Its Initial Policy on Naturalization, 1790 Congress Restricts the Rights of Aliens ESSAYS James H. Kettner, The Creation of Citizenship in the British American Colonies and Early United States Arthur Mann, The Creation of American Identity in the Late Eighteenth Century 4. European Migration and the Radical Attempt to Conserve, 1830-1880 DOCUMENTS Gottfried Duden, a German, Assesses the Possibilities for Immigrants to Missouri, 1827 Svein Nilsson Chronicles Norwegian American Immigration to Wisconsin, 1868-1870 Robert Whyte Explains the Irish Migration Following the Potato Famine, 1847 James Burn Describes Irish and German Immigrants in New York City, 1850 Swedish Women and Men Observe the "Freedom" and Opportunity in America, 1841-1848 A German-American Family Changes Its Assessment of American Life, 1850-1857 A Graphic Portrayal of a Chain Migration from Sweden, 1866-1883 ESSAYS Kerby A. Miller, Irish Immigrants Who Perceive America as Exile Kathleen Niels Conzen, German Catholic Immigrants Who Make Their Own America 5. Nativism and Becoming American at Midcentury, 1830-1860 DOCUMENTS Lyman Beecher Warns About Immigrants Flooding into the American West, 1835 Samuel F.B. Morse Enumerates the "Dangers" of the Roman Catholic Immigrant, 1835 Maria Monk, a Supposed Escaped Nun, Recounts the Perils of the Convent, 1835 Frederick Saunders, a Nativist, Considers the Dangers of Immigration to the Republic, 1856 Thomas Whitney, an Anti-Catholic, Compares "Romanism" and "Republicanism," 1856 The Know Nothings, "The American Party," Defend Their Political Movement, 1855 Portrayals of Immigrants in Political Cartoons of the Era Walt Whitman Celebrates the Diversity in the United States, 1855 ESSAYS Tyler Anbinder, The Ideology of the Know Nothing Party Dale Knobel, The Relationship Between the Portrayal of Irish Americans and Citizenship at Midcentury 6. Emigration and Return: Migration Patterns in the Industrial Age: 1850-1920 DOCUMENTS Lee Chew, a Chinese Immigrant, Describes Life in the United States and Denounces Anti-Chinese Prejudice, 1882 Immmigrants Recall Their Life in Eastern Europe and Their Emigration, 1915-1923 A Slovenian Recounts Varying Assessments of America Made by Returned Immigrants, 1909 Mary Antin, a Russian Woman, Encounters Anti-Semitic Violence and Flees Russia, 1912 Mexican Ballads Justify and Condemn Immigration, 1924 Chinese Immigrants Explain Their Migration and Lament Their Detention, 1910-1940 ESSAYS Dino Cinel, The Relationship Between American Money and Italian Land in Stimulating Return Migration Suchang Chan, The Chinese Migration to the United States in the Context of the Larger Chinese Diaspora 7. Industrial Immigrants in the City and on the Countryside, 1880-1920 DOCUMENTS Jacob Riis Describes the Impoverished Tenements of New York City, 1890 A Portrait of Sweatshop Labor in New York City, 1895 A New York Politician Justifies the Urban Political Machine, 1905 The Yiddish Press in New York City Two Italian Americans Recount the 1912 Lawrence, Massachusetts, Strike Three Chinese Americans Recall Life and Labor in Their Ethnic Community, 1877-1917 A Sociologist Analyzes the Process of Assimilation Among Slavic Immigrants, 1910 ESSAYS Herbert Gutman, Immigrants Adjust to Industrial Labor, "Clock Time," and Unionization in the Early Twentieth Century Tomás Almaguer The Interactions of Race and Class in Agricultural Labor 8. Women Immigrants DOCUMENTS Sociologists Describe the Disruption of Familial Solidarity Resulting from Immigration, 1918 Jane Addams Renounces the Patriarchal Authority of Immigrant Households, 1910 A Depiction of the Patriarchal Immigrant Household in Greenwich Village, 1920-1930 Two Italian Americans Analyze Changing Familial and Gender Patterns Among Immigrants, 1939 Swedish Americans Debate the Consequences of Changing Gender Roles Among Immigrants in America, 1896-1914 Mexican Ballads Ridicule Women"s Changing Behavior, 1924 A Chinese American Woman Details Life as a Prostitute in America, 1898 ESSAYS Hasia Diner, Changes Between Women and Men in the Irish American Family Vicki Ruiz: Changes Between Daughters and Parents in the Mexican American Family 9. Racialization of Immigrants, 1880-1930 DOCUMENTS Samuel Gompers Racializes Chinese American Labor, 1902 The Asiatic Exclusion League Argues That Asians Cannot Be Assimilated, 1911 Fu Chi Hao, Chinese American, Reprimands Americans for Anti-Chinese Attitudes and Law, 1907 A Racialized Description of Immigrants from Europe, 1915 A Sociologist Portrays the Racial Dimensions of Immigrants from Europe, 1914 Congressman John Box Objects to Mexican Immigrants, 1928 Thind v. United States: The United States Supreme Court Clarifies the Meaning of "White," 1923 ESSAYS John Higham, The Evolution of Thought on Race and the Development of Scientific Racism Ian F. Haney-Lopez, The Evolution of Legal Constructions of Race and "Whiteness" 10. Responses to Immigration: Exclusion, Restriction and Americanization, 1880-1924 DOCUMENTS Josiah Strong, a Protestant Clergyman, considers the "Perils" of Immigration, 1885 The Immigration Restriction League Outlines the "Immigration Problem," 1894 Emma Lazarus's Poem at the Foot of the Statue of Liberty, 1883 A German American Attacks, "False Americanism," 1889 A Jewish American Playwright celebrates the American "Melting Pot," 1909 Theodore Roosevelt Advocates "Americanism," 1915 Randolph Bourne Promotes Cultural Pluralism, 1916 The Governor of Iowa Proclaims English the State's Official Language, 1917 ESSAYS Stephen Meyer, Efforts at Americanization in the Industrial Workplace, 1914-1921 John Higham, The Varieties of Ethnic Pluralism in American Thought 11. Immigrant and Ethnic Life in Twentieth-Century America, 1924-65 DOCUMENTS Mary Paik Lee, a Korean American, Confronts Racism in Los Angeles, 1921, 1941 Carey McWilliams Describes South Asian and Mexican Agricultural Laborers, 1939 Carlos Almazán, a Mexican American, Recounts Life in the United States and Hid Desire to Leave, 1927 Carlos Bulosan, a Filipino American, Depicts his Ambivalence About America's Kindness and Cruelty, 1937 Dominic Del Turco, and Italian American Laborer, Remembers Union Organizing Yuan Tim Gong, a Chinese American "Paper Son," Recalls His Life in California, 1920-1931 A Chinese American Describes His Detention Upon Arrival in San Francisco, ca. 1945 ESSAYS Lizabeth Cohen, The Impact of the Great Depression on Local Ethnic Institutions in Chicago George Sánchez, The Role of Popular Culture in Changing the Mexican American Community in Los Angeles Between 1920 and 1935 12. Immigrants and Ethnics Amid Depression and War, 1929-1965 DOCUMENTS Documents and Reminiscences Recall the Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s Congressional Testimony Advocating Resolutions to Admit German Refugee Children, 1939 Yoshiko Uchida, a Japanese American Woman, Remembers Her Family's Relocation During World War II, 1942 Nicolas Gage, a Greek Refugee, Recounts His Escape from His Homeland, 1949 An Eminent Sociologist Analyzes the "American Way of Life," 1956 ESSAYS Roger Daniels, World War II and the Forced Relocation of Japanese Americans Philip Gleason, The Influence of World War II on Changing the American Identity 13. Immigration and Ethnicity in the Post-Industrial World, 1965 to the Present DOCUMENTS A Chicano Conference Advocates the Creation of Atzlan, 1969 A "White Ethnic" Differentiates PIGS from WASPs, 1972 A Latino and an African American Debate the Construction of Race, 1996 A Person of Mixed Race Explores Notions of Race, 1991 The US Commission on Immigration Reform Assesses Current Immigration Policy, 1994 The Disadvantages of Immigration Reform, 1996 National Research Council Stresses the Advantages of Immigration, 1997 ESSAYS David Gutierrez The Influence of Political Change in the 1960s on Mexican American Attitudes Toward Mexican Immigration David H. Hollinger, An Attempt to Move Beyond Multiculturalism to a Postethnic America 14. Immigration Transforms America, 1965 to the Present DOCUMENTS A Caribbean American Observes Life in New York City, 1971-1976 Santiago Maldonado, a Mexican American, Details the Lives of Undocumented Immigrants in Texas, 1994 A Cuban Flees to the United States, 1979 A Hmong's Story of Escape from Laos, 1975 Valerie Corpus, a Skilled Filipina American, Reflects on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Life in the United States, 1979 A Korean American's Bitter Life in the United States, 1984-1992 A Vietnamese American Considers Changing Relations Between Parents and Children in the United States, 1978-1984 ESSAYS Elliott Barkan, The Recent Era of Immigration to the United States, 1965 to the Present Timothy Fong, New Ethnic Patterns of Residence: The First Suburban Chinatown