Major Problems in American Immigration History / Edition 2

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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY series introduces readers to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in American history. The collection of essays and documents in MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN IMMIGRATION HISTORY explores themes such as the political and economic forces that cause immigration; the alienation and uprootedness that often follow relocation; and the difficult questions of citizenship and assimilation. This text presents a carefully selected group of readings organized to allow readers to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions. Each chapter includes introductions, source notes, and suggested readings.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780547149073
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 9/28/2011
  • Series: Major Problems in American History Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 640
  • Sales rank: 269,524
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Mae Ngai

Mae M. Ngai, Professor of History and Lung Family Professor of Asian American Studies, is a U.S. legal and political historian interested in questions of immigration, citizenship, and nationalism. She received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1998 and taught at the University of Chicago before returning to Columbia in 2006. Ngai is author of IMPOSSIBLE SUBJECTS: ILLEGAL ALIENS AND THE MAKING OF MODERN AMERICA (Princeton, 2004) and THE LUCKY ONES: ONE FAMILY AND THE EXTRAORDINARY INVENTION OF CHINESE AMERICA (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010). Professor Ngai has held fellowships from the Social Science Research Council, NYU Law School, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Ngai has written on immigration history and policy for the Washington Post, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, The Nation, and the Boston Review. Before becoming a historian Ngai was a labor-union organizer and educator in New York City. She is now working on YELLOW AND GOLD: THE CHINESE MINING DIASPORA, 1848-1908, a study of Chinese goldminers in the nineteenth-century North American West, Australia, and South Africa.

Jon Gjerde died in October 2008. He was Alexander F. and May T. Morrison professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1982. His areas of expertise included nineteenth-century America with particular reference to immigration and religion, and he published some thirty articles on these subjects. He also published FROM PEASANTS TO FARMERS: THE MIGRATION FROM BALESTRAND, NORWAY, TO THE UPPER MIDDLE WEST (1985) and THE MINDS OF THE WEST: THE ETHNOCULTURAL EVOLUTION OF THE RURAL MIDDLE WEST, 1830-1917 (1997), both of which won the Theodore Saloutos Memorial Book Award of the Immigration History Society for the best book in agricultural history.

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Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: APPROACHES TO U.S. IMMIGRATION HISTORY. ESSAYS. Oscar Handlin, "Immigration Portrayed As an Experience of Uprootedness"; John Bodnar , "Immigration Portrayed As an Experience of Transplantation"; Kathleen Neils Conzen, David A. Gerber, Ewa Morawska, George E. Pozzetta, and Rudolph J. Vecoli, "The Invention of Ethnicity in the United States"; Donna Gabaccia, "Immigrant Women: Nowhere At Home?"; George J. Sanchez, "Race, Nation, and Culture in Recent Immigration Studies"; Matthew Frye Jacobson, "More 'Trans-,' Less 'National.'" CHAPTER 2: SETTLERS, SERVANTS, AND SLAVES IN EARLY AMERICA. DOCUMENTS. 1. European Claims to America, Circa 1650 2. Alonso Ortiz, a Tanner in Mexico City, Misses His Wife in Spain, 1574 3. Don Antonio de Otermin, Governor of New Mexico, on the Pueblo Revolt, 1680 4. Marie of the Incarnation Finds Clarity in Canada, 1652 5. Elizabeth Sprigs, a Servant, Writes to Her Father in London, 1756 6. William Byrd II, a Land Speculator, Promotes Immigration to Virginia, 1736 7. Thomas Philip, a Slave Trader, Describes the Middle Passage, 1693 8. Job Recalls Being Taken to Slavery in America, 1731. ESSAYS. Tracy Neal Leavelle, "Religion and Contested Spaces in Colonial North America"; Alison Games, "Adaptation and Survival in the New World." CHAPTER 3: CITIZENSHIP AND MIGRATION BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR. DOCUMENTS. 1. Citizenship in the Articles of Confederation, 1781 2. Citizenship and Migration in the United States Constitution, 1787 3. Naturalization Act of 1790 4. An Act Concerning Aliens, 1798 5. New York's Poor Law, 1788 6. Moore v. People Upholds Fugitive Slavery Acts, 1852. ESSAYS. Gerald L. Neuman, "The Open Borders Myth"; William J. Novak, "Citizenship in Nineteenth-Century America." CHAPTER 4: EUROPEAN MIGRATION AND NATIONAL EXPANSION IN THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY. DOCUMENTS. 1. Anna Maria Schano Advises Her Family in Germany on Emigration, 1850-1883 2. Irish Describe Effects of the Potato Famine, 1846-1847 3. Irish Immigration and Work Depicted in Song, 1850s 4. Emigrant Runners Work NY Harbor, 1855 5. Samuel F. B. Morse Enumerates the Dangers of the Roman Catholic Immigrant, 1835 6. Portrayals of Immigrants in Political Cartoons, 1850s. ESSAYS. Kevin Kenny, "The Global Irish"; Kathleen Neils Conzen, "German Catholic Immigrants Who Make Their Own America." CHAPTER 5: THE SOUTHWEST BORDERLANDS. 1. Stephen Austin Calls For Texas Independence, 1836 2. John O'Sullivan Declares "Boundless Future" Is America's "Manifest Destiny" 3. U.S. Territorial Expansion to 1850 4. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Sets Rights of Mexicans in Ceded Territory, 1848 5. Congress Reports Indian Incursions in the Border Area, 1850 6. The Ballad of Gregario Cortez, 1901. ESSAYS. James F. Brooks, "Negotiating Captivity in the New Mexico Borderlands"; David Montejano, "Anglos Establish Control in Texas." CHAPTER 6: NATIONAL CITIZENSHIP AND FEDERAL REGULATION OF IMMIGRATION. DOCUMENTS. 1. U.S. Constitution, Amendment 14, Sec. 1 2. Naturalization Act of 1870, Sec. 7 3. Supreme Court Recognizes Congress's Plenary Power Over Immigration, 1889 4. U.S v. Wong Kim Ark Rules Birthright Citizenship Applies to All Born in United States, 1898 5. Immigration Act of 1917 Lists Excludable Classes 6. Chinese Poetry from Angel Island, 1910s 7. Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York, c. 1904 8. Immigration Station at Angel Island, San Francisco, c. 1915. ESSAYS. Aristide R. Zolberg, "The Great Wall Against China"; Linda Bosniak, "Divided Citizenships." CHAPTER 7: IMMIGRATION DURING THE ERA OF INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION. DOCUMENTS. 1. Mary Antin Describes Life in Polozk and Boston, 1890 2. Jacob Riis Describes the Impoverished Tenements of New York City, 1890 3. George Washington Plunkitt Justifies the Urban Political Machine, 1905 4. Chinatown, U.S.A., 1874-1929 5. John Martin, an American Worker, Does Not Understand the Foreigners in the 1919 Steel Strike 6. Jane Addams on the Settlement as a Factor in the Labor Movement, 1895. ESSAYS. James R. Barrett, "Work and Community in the Jungle"; Mary Ting Yi Lui, "Chinatown: A Contested Urban Space." CHAPTER 8: COLONIALSIM AND MIGRATION. DOCUMENTS. 1. Senator Albert J. Beveridge Supports an American Empire, 1898 2. Joseph Henry Crooker Says America Should Not Have Colonies, 1900 3. Downes v. Bidwell Rules Puerto Rico Belongs To But Not Part of United States, 1901 4. Louis Delaplaine, a Consular Official, Says Puerto Ricans are Ungrateful, 1921 5. A Citizen Recommends Puerto Rican Labor for Panama Canal, 1904 6. Filipino Asparagus Workers Petition for Standard of American Wages, 1928 7. A Chinese Labor Contract in Hawaii, 1870. ESSAYS. Christina Duffy Burnett, "The Noncitizen National and the Law of American Empire"; Evelyn Nakano Glenn, "Japanese and Haoles in Hawaii." CHAPTER 9: IMMIGRANT INCORPORATION, IDENTITY, AND NATIVISM IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY. DOCUMENTS. 1. The Asiatic Exclusion League Argues That Asians Cannot Be Assimilated, 1911 2. Fu Chi Hao Reprimands Americans for Anti-Chinese Attitudes, 1907 3. Madison Grant on the "Passing of a Great Race," 1915 4. Theodore Roosevelt Advocates "Americanism," 1915 5. Randolph Bourne Promotes Cultural Pluralism, 1916. ESSAYS. James R. Barrett and David Roediger, "Becoming American and Becoming White"; John Higham, "The Evolution of Racial Nativism." CHAPTER 10: THE TURN TO RESTRICTION. DOCUMENTS. 1. Immigration Act of 1924 Establishes Immigration Quotas 2. Thind v. United States Rules Asians Cannot Become Citizens, 1923 3. Mary Kidder Rak Writes That Patrolling the Border Is a "Man Sized Job" 4. Congressman John Box Objects to Mexican Immigrants, 1928 5. League of United Latin-American Citizens Form Civil Rights Organization, 1929. ESSAYS. Mae M. Ngai, "The Invention of National Origins"; David G. Gutierrez, "The Shifting Politics of Mexican Nationlism and Ethnicity." CHAPTER 11: PATTERNS OF INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION, 1920s TO 1940s. DOCUMENTS. 1. Dominic Del Turco Remembers Union Organizing, 1934 2. Dept. of Labor Reports on Consumer Spending Patterns of Mexican Families, 1934 3. Recalling the Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s 4. California Attorney General Earl Warren Questions Japanese Americans' Loyalty, 1941 5. Poet Mitsuye Yamada Ponders the Question of Loyalty, 1942 6. Mine Okubo Illustrates Her Family's Internment, 1942 7. Sailors and Mexican Youth Clash in Los Angeles, 1943 8. Louis Adamic: War Is Opportunity for Pluralism and Unity, 1940 9. President Franklin Roosevelt Urges Repeal of Chinese Exclusion Laws, 1943. ESSAYS. Lizabeth Cohen, "Chicago Workers Encounter Mass Culture"; Alice Yang Murray, "The History of 'Military Necessity' in the Japanese American Internment." CHAPTER 12: IMMIGRATION REFORM AND ETHNIC POLITICS IN THE ERA OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND THE COLD WAR. DOCUMENTS. 1. Sociologist Will Herberg Describes the "Triple Melting Pot" 2. Anthropologist Oscar Lewis Theorizes the Culture of Poverty, 1966 3. Piri Thomas Thinks About Racism, 1967 4. Cesar Chávez Declares 'Viva La Causa!' 1965 5. Historian Oscar Handlin Criticizes National-Origin Quotas, 1952 6. President Lyndon Johnson Signs Immigration Act of 1965. ESSAYS. Mae M. Ngai, "The Liberal Brief for Immigration Reform"; Lorrin Thomas, "Representing the Puerto Rican Problem." CHAPTER 13: IMMIGRANTS IN THE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE. DOCUMENTS. 1. President Reagan Signs Immigration Reform and Control Act, 1986 2. Ruben Martinez Describes the Fight Against Proposition 187, 1995 3. Asian Immigrants Transplant Religious Institutions, 1994 4. Proof of the Melting Pot is in the Eating, 1991 5. Perla Rabor Rigor Compares Life as a Nurse in the Philippines and America, 1987 6. Santiago Maldonado Details the Lives of Undocumented Immigrants in Texas, 1994 7. George Gmelch Compares Life in New York and Barbados, 1971-1976 8. A Chicano Conference Advocates the Creation of Aztlán, 1969 9. Janitors Strike For Justice, 1990. ESSAYS. Nancy Foner, "Transnational Ties"; Carolyn Wong, "Ethnic Advocacy for Immigration Reform." CHAPTER 14: REFUGEES AND ASYLEES. DOCUMENTS. 1. Refugee Act of 1980 2. Congressman Jerry Patterson Details Needs of Refugees in California, 1981 3. A Cuban Flees to the United States, 1979 4. Xang Mao Xiong Recalls His Family's Flight From Laos, 1975 5. United States Interdicts Haitian Refugees at Sea, 1991 6. Refugee Youth Play Soccer in Georgia, 2007 7. A Sociologist Assesses DNA Testing for African Refugees, 2010 ESSAYS. Aristide R. Zolberg, "Refugees Enter America Through the Side Door"; Carl J. Bon Tempo, "They Are Proud People': Refugees from Cuba." CHAPTER 15: IMMIGRATION CHALLENGES IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY. DOCUMENTS. 1. An Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin Makeup of the U.S. Population, 2000 2. A Statistical Portrait of Unauthorized Immigrants, 2009 3. Remittance and Housing Woes for Immigrants During Economic Recession, 2008 4. Mohammed Bilal-Mirza, a Pakistani-American Taxi Driver, Recounts September 11, 2001, and Its Aftermath 5. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee Condemns Terrorism, 2001 6. Feisal Abul Rauf, an Imam, Proposes a Multi-Faith Center in New York, 2010. 7. Immigrants March for Immigration Reform, 2006. 8. Minutemen Call for Border Security First, Only, and Now, 2006 9. Joseph Carens Makes the Case for Amnesty, 2009 10. Arizona Passes State Law Against Illegal Immigration, 2010. ESSAYS. Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo, "The Work Culture of Latina Domestic Workers"; Leti Volpp, "The Citizen and the Terrorist."

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