Major Problems in the History of the American South, Volume 1 / Edition 3by Sally G. McMillen
Pub. Date: 05/27/2011
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY series introduces readers to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. The collection of essays and documents in MAJOR PROBLEMS IN THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN SOUTH provides a comprehensive view of the culture of the American South as
Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY series introduces readers to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. The collection of essays and documents in MAJOR PROBLEMS IN THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN SOUTH provides a comprehensive view of the culture of the American South as well as its political, social, and economic history. The documents are grouped with important secondary sources, accompanied by chapter introductions, selection headnotes, and suggested readings.
Table of Contents
PREFACE. Chapter 1: The Historians' South. ESSAYS. W. J. Cash: The Continuity of Southern History. C. Vann Woodward: The Search for Southern Identity. John B. Boles: The Difficulty of Consensus on the South. John Shelton Reed: The Three Souths. Further Reading. Chapter 2: The Atlantic World. DOCUMENTS. 1. Map Shows Sixteenth-Century Atlantic Trade Ports, c. 1620. 2. Plants, Animals, and Microorganisms Travel to and from the New World, 1500-1600. 3. African Medicinal Plants Come to the Caribbean on Slave Ships, 1500-1600. 4. Elmina, a Dutch Slave Fort, Holds African Slaves Captive before the Middle Passage, c. 1600. 5. Englishman John Hawkins Details His First Voyage to the West Indies, 1562-1563. 6. Guzman de Silva Writes to Philip II Regarding the Slave Trade, 1565. 7. Journal of the Arthur Details the Slave Trade, 1677-1678. 8. John Barbot Describes the Slave Trade in Guinea, 1678. ESSAYS. Ira Berlin: From Creole to African: Atlantic Creoles and the Origins of African-American Society. Philip D. Morgan: Virginia's Other Prototype: The Caribbean. Further Reading. Chapter 3: Settlement of Red, White, and Black. DOCUMENTS. 1. Captain John Smith Describes the Natives of Virginia, 1612. 2. Richard Frethorne Writes His Parents about His Indenture, 1623. 3. Nathaniel Bacon Leads Rebellion in Virginia, 1675-1676. 4. Virginia's House of Burgesses Tightens Statutes Involving Slaves, 1630-1705. 5. South Carolina Restricts the Liberties of Slaves, 1740. 6. Indian Trader John Lawson Writes about His Travels in Carolina, 1709. 7. The South Carolina Colonial Legislature Regulates the Indian Trade, 1751. ESSAYS. Kathleen M. Brown: Gender and Race in Colonial Virginia. James Axtell: Making Do. Further Reading. Chapter 4: The Maturing of the Colonial South. DOCUMENTS. 1. Eliza Lucas Writes on Life in Colonial South Carolina, 1740-1742. 2. Colonial Georgia Debates Slavery, 1735-1750. 3. South Carolina Newspapers Advertise for Runaway Slaves, 1743-1784. 4. Merchant Robert Pringle Observes Life and Trade in Charleston, 1739-1743. 5. William Byrd II Discovers New Crops in Virginia and Deals with Cherokee and Catawba Indians, 1738-1740. 6. Reverend Charles Woodmason Decries the "Wild Peoples" of the Carolina Backcountry, 1768. 7. Naturalist William Bartram Describes His Travels in the South, 1773-1777. ESSAYS. Lorena S. Walsh: How Tobacco Production Shaped Slave Life in the Chesapeake. Jack P. Greene: Georgia's Attempt to Become a Viable Colony. Further Reading. Chapter 5: The Revolutionary South and Its Aftermath. DOCUMENTS. 1. Men in the Backcountry Articulate Their Grievances, 1767. 2. Ministers Try to Convert the Carolina Backcountry, 1775. 3. Lord Dunmore, Issues His Proclamation to Free Virginia's Slaves, 1775. 4. Thomas Jefferson Establishes Religious Freedom in Virginia, 1777. 5. Eliza Wilkinson Describes Women and War, 1779. 6. Southern Patriots Explain Their Concerns, 1774, 1780, 1781. 7. The U.S. Constitution Deals with Slavery, 1787. ESSAYS. Sylvia R. Frey: The Impact of African American Resistance During the War. Michael A. McDonnell: Class War? Class Struggles during the American Revolution in Virginia. Further Reading. Chapter 6: The Emergence of Southern Nationalism. DOCUMENTS. 1. Virginia and Kentucky Respond to the Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798, 1799. 2. Southern Congressmen Defend Slavery in Missouri, 1820. 3. Newspapers React to the Nullification Crisis in South Carolina, 1832. 4. Georgia Passes Laws Extending Jurisdiction over the Cherokees, 1829, 1830. 5. The Supreme Court Addresses Removal of the Indians from Georgia, 1831. 6. John C. Calhoun Defends Slavery, 1837. 7. South Carolina Tries to Nullify Federal Tariffs, 1832. ESSAYS. Adam Rothman: Civilizing the Cotton Frontier. Don E. Fehrenbacher: The Missouri Controversy: A Critical Moment in Southern Sectionalism. Pauline Maier: The Road Not Taken: Nullification, John C. Calhoun, and the Revolutionary Tradition in South Carolina. Further Reading. Chapter 7: The Slaveholders' South. DOCUMENTS. 1. Maps Show the Increasing Importance of Cotton to the South, 1821, 1859. 2. Cotton Planter Bennet Barrow Describes Life in Louisiana, 1838. 3. Two Site Plans Show Plantations in Georgia and Alabama, c. 1850 (1936). 4. William Johnson, a Free Black, Details Life in Natchez, Mississippi, 1838-1842. 5. Edmund Ruffin Describes His Travels in the Carolinas, 1840. 6. Charles Colcock Jones Provides Religious Instruction to Slaves, 1842. 7. Charles Manigault Reveals Concerns of a Wealthy Planter, 1833-1853. ESSAYS. Mark M. Smith: Plantation Management by the Clock. James Oakes: Plantation Mastery. Further Reading. Chapter 8: The Slave and Free Black Experience. DOCUMENTS. 1. Harry McMillan, a Freedman, Describes His Bondage, 1863. 2. Nancy Boudry, an Ex-Slave, Recalls Slavery, 1936. 3. Harriet Jacobs Laments Her Trials as a Slave Girl (1828), 1861. 4. George and Lucy Skipwith Write Their Master, 1847, 1857, 1859. 5. Slave Traders Advertise Slave Auctions, 1842, 1855. 6. Charleston's Free Blacks Fear Reenslavement, 1859-1860. 7. Photo Shows Five Generations of a South Carolina Slave Family. ESSAYS. Brenda Stevenson: Distress and Discord in Slave Families. Peter Kolchin: Antebellum Slavery: Slave Community. John Hope Franklin and Loren Schweninger: Whither Thou Goest. Further Reading. Chapter 9: Women's Life and Culture in the Old South. DOCUMENTS. 1. Thomas Roderick Dew Idealizes Southern Women, 1835. 2. Mrs. Virginia Cary Writes about Female Piety, 1830. 3. Writings Reveal The Sorrows of Childbirth, 1809, c. 1800. 4. Lucy Shaw Laments the Death of Her Child, 1841. 5. Julia Blanche Munroe and Her Parents Correspond While She Attends School, 1847-1850. 6. The Holly Springs (Mississippi) Female Institute Advertises its Offerings, 1859. 7. Memorial of the Female Citizens of Fredericksburg Asks for Gradual Emancipation, c. 1831. ESSAYS. Elizabeth R. Varon: White Women and Politics in Antebellum Virginia. Anya Jabour: Educating Southern Women. Further Reading. Chapter 10: Nonslaveholding Whites. DOCUMENTS. 1. Ferdinand L. Steel's Diary Reveals Life of a Yeoman, 1838-1841. 2. A Baptist Church Meets in Conference, 1859. 3. Hinton Rowan Helper Attacks Slavery, 1857. 4. Census Records Reveal Demographics of Guilford County, North Carolina, 1850. 5. Edward Isham Describes His Violent Life, 1860. 6. Travelers to the South Describe the Life of Yeomen, 1849, 1855. 7. Newspaper Accounts Report on Camp Meetings in Virginia, 1819, 1820. ESSAYS. Charles Bolton: Edward Isham and the World of Poor Whites. Jeff Forret: The Underground Economy. Further Reading. Chapter 11: Sectionalism and Secession. DOCUMENTS. 1. The Nashville Convention Offers Resolutions on Slavery, 1850. 2. Reverend Thornton Stringfellow Defends Slavery, 1856. 3. The Supreme Court Decides the Dred Scott v. Sandford Case, 1857. 4. James Henry Hammond Praises King Cotton, 1858. 5. Joseph A. Turner Reacts to John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry, 1860. 6. Southern Newspaper Editors Speculate on Secession, 1860, 1861. 7. The Jones Family Responds to the Republican Victory, 1860-1861. 8. E. S. Dargan Speaks to the Secession Convention of Alabama, 1861. ESSAYS. Lacy K. Ford Jr.: South Carolina Leaders Defend Slavery and Secession. Eric H. Walther: We Shall Fire the Southern Heart: William Lowndes Yancey. Further Reading. Chapter 12: The Confederate Experience. DOCUMENTS. 1. Dick and Tally Simpson Describe the Life of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1863. 2. General Robert E. Lee Writes to J. E. B. Stuart and Jefferson Davis. 3. Photo Shows Dead Confederate Soldiers of General Starke, Hagerstown Pike, 1862. 4. Joseph E. Brown Attacks Conscription, 1862. 5. Nonslaveholders Protest Wartime Inequities, 1861, 1863. 6. The Confederacy Struggles with Desertion and Disaffection, 1863. 7. Confederate Women React to War, 1862-1865. 8. Catherine Devereux Edmonston Writes about War, 1862-1864. ESSAYS. Emory M. Thomas: The Revolution Brings Revolutionary Change. Paul D. Escott: The Failure of Confederate Nationalism. Drew Gilpin Faust: "We Shall Never … Be the Same": How War Affected Southern Women. Further Reading. Chapter 13: Emancipation and Reconstruction. DOCUMENTS. 1. Ex-Slaves Recall Their First Taste of Freedom, 1937. 2. Clarissa Burdett Recounts the Difficulties of a Black Soldier's Wife, 1865. 3. Thaddeus Stevens Advocates the Redistribution of Land, 1865. 4. Mary Jones Shares Her Concerns about Reconstruction, 1865, 1866. 5. Congress Passes the Military Reconstruction Act, 1867. 6. The Presbyterian Church in the United States Engages in Religious Uplift 1866, 1868. 7. Generals Steedman and Fullerton Report on the Freedmen's Bureau in the South, 1866. 8. Freedmen and Women Testify before Congress on the Ku Klux Klan, 1871. ESSAYS. Hannah Rosen: Houses, Yards, and Other Domestic Domains. Sally G. McMillen: A Cure for the South. Further Reading.
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