Major Problems in the History of the American South, Volume 2 / Edition 3

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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY series introduces readers to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. The collection of essays and documents in MAJOR PROBLEMS IN THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN SOUTH provides a comprehensive view of the culture of the American South as well as its political, social, and economic history. The documents are grouped with important secondary sources, accompanied by chapter introductions, selection headnotes, and suggested readings.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780547228334
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 8/11/2011
  • Series: Major Problems in American History Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 528
  • Sales rank: 882,311
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Sally G. McMillen, the Mary Reynolds Babcock Professor of History at Davidson College, earned her Ph.D. from Duke University. Previous publications include MOTHERHOOD IN THE OLD SOUTH (1990), SOUTHERN WOMEN: BLACK AND WHITE IN THE OLD SOUTH (1991), TO RAISE UP THE SOUTH: SUNDAY SCHOOLS IN BLACK AND WHITE CHURCHES, 1865-1915 (2001), SENECA FALLS AND THE ORIGINS OF THE WOMEN'S RIGHTS MOVEMENT (2008) as well as several articles in the Journal of Southern History and the Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. She is currently working on a biography of Lucy Stone.

Elizabeth Hayes Turner, professor of history at the University of North Texas, earned her Ph.D. from Rice University. She is the author of WOMEN, CULTURE, AND COMMUNITY: RELIGION AND REFORM IN GALVESTON, 1880-1920 (1997); WOMEN AND GENDER IN THE NEW SOUTH, 1865-1945 (2009); co-author of GALVESTON AND THE 1900 STORM: CATASTROPHE AND CATALYST (2000); and co-editor of five books, including LONE STAR PASTS: MEMORY AND HISTORY IN TEXAS (2005). She is the author of several articles in edited anthologies and the Southern Literary Journal and is currently completing a book JUNETEENTH: THE EVOLUTION OF AN EMANCIPATION CELEBRATION.


David Goldfield is the Robert Lee Bailey Professor of History at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte. A native of Memphis, he grew up in Brooklyn, New York, and attended the University of Maryland. He is the author or editor of fifteen books mostly dealing with the history of the American South, two of which received the Mayflower Award for Non-Fiction. His most recent book is AMERICA AFLAME: HOW THE CIVIL WAR CREATED A NATION (Bloomsbury Press, 2011).

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Table of Contents

PREFACE. Chapter 1: The Historians' South. ESSAYS. W. J. Cash: The Continuity of Southern History. C. Vann Woodward: The Search for Southern Identity. John B. Boles: The Difficulty of Consensus on the South. John Shelton Reed: The Three Souths. Further Reading. Chapter 2: Reconstructing the South. DOCUMENTS. 1. Mississippi Legislates Black Codes, 1865. 2. The Nation Ratifies Three Reconstruction Amendments: 13, 14, and 15. 3. J. R. Johnson Preaches on Marriage Covenants and Legal Rights, 1866. 4. Congress Passes The Military Reconstruction Act, 1867. 5. The Northern Press Views the Enfranchisement of Freedmen, 1867. 6. A Southern Newspaper Denounces Reconstruction, 1869. 7. Congress Hears Testimony on the Ku Klux Klan, 1871. ESSAYS. Eric Foner: Black Activism and the Rise of the Ku Klux Klan. Hannah Rosen: Terror in the Heart of Freedom. Further Reading. Chapter 3: Land and Labor in the New South. DOCUMENTS. 1. William Grimes Writes a Sharecropping Contract, 1882. 2. Alonzo T. Mial and A. Robert Medlin Sign A Crop Lien, 1876. 3. Nate Shaw Recounts His Story of Farming in Alabama (c. 1910), 1971. 4. William Alexander Percy Views Sharecropping, 1941. 5. William A. Owens Describes Tenant Farm Life in 1906. 6. Tenants and Farmers Assess the New South, 1887-1889. ESSAYS. Jonathan M. Wiener: Bound Labor in Southern Agriculture. Sharon Ann Holt: Freedpeople Working for Themselves. Further Reading. Chapter 4: Mills, Workers, and the Myth of a New South. DOCUMENTS. 1. Henry W. Grady Boasts about the New South, 1886, 1889. 2. Broadus Mitchell Explains the Myth of the "Cotton Mill Campaign," 1921. 3. Mill Workers Comment on the New South, 1887, 1889. 4. A Black Entrepreneur Builds a Cotton Mill, 1896. 5. Lewis W. Hine Photographs Children Working in the Mills, 1908, 1909. 6. Bertha Miller Recalls Her Days as a Cotton Mill Girl (1915), 1984. 7. Map of the Piedmont Textile Mills, 1931. ESSAYS. C. Vann Woodward: The Rise of Southern Industry. Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Robert Korstad, and James L. Leloudis II: The Lives and Labors of the Cotton Mill People. Bryant Simon: Mills, Workers, and the Myth of a New South. Further Reading. Chapter 5: The Southern Populist Movement. DOCUMENTS. 1. Texas Alliance Women Write to the Southern Mercury, 1888. 2. Farmers Describe the Crisis, 1890s. 3. Farmers Create the Ocala Platform, 1890. 4. Tom Watson Devises a Strategy for Biracial Cooperation, 1892. 5. Populists "Got 'em on the Run," 1894. 6. A Populist Speaker Responds, 1898. ESSAYS. Edward L. Ayers: Alliances and Populists. Charles Postel: Populists and the Shaping of a New Racial Order. Further Reading. Chapter 6: The Intimidation Effect: Disfranchisement, Segregation, and Violence. DOCUMENTS. 1. Lynching in the United States, 1882-1930. 2. Ida B. Wells Reports the Horrors of Lynching in the South, 1892. 3. Literacy Test and Poll Tax in North Carolina, 1899. 4. Black Leaders Fight Disfranchisement, 1895. 5. Democrats Fight Back: The White-Supremacy Campaign, 1898. 6. Mark Twain Writes "The United States of Lyncherdom," 1901. 7. Walter White Remembers the Atlanta Race Riot, 1906. 8. Alabama Continues Its Literacy Test until 1965. ESSAYS. Steven Hahn: Black Political Struggles. Leon F. Litwack: Trouble in Mind. Further Reading. Chapter 7: Southern Religion. DOCUMENTS. 1. Southerners Cherish Two Hymns. 2. W. E. B. Du Bois Reflects on the Faith of the Fathers, 1903. 3. William Owens Remembers a Revival and Baptism in Texas, c. 1910. 4. Crisis Magazine Presents the Image of Jesus Christ in Georgia, 1911. 5. Rabbi Emmanuel Sternheim Explains the Mission of the Church, 1914. 6. Lillian Smith Writes About God and Guilt, 1949. ESSAYS. Paul Harvey: Redeeming the South. Donald G. Mathews: The Southern Rite of Human Sacrifice. Mark A. Noll: The Churches, "Redemption," and Jim Crow. Further Reading. Chapter 8: Southern Memory and History. DOCUMENTS. 1. Southerners Remember the Past, 1890. 2. Confederate General Jubal Early Memorializes the "Lost Cause," 1894. 3. Katharine Du Pre Lumpkin Recounts her Childhood with the Lost Cause, 1946. 4. United Daughters of the Confederacy Prepare a Catechism for Children, 1912. 5. The U.D.C. Raises a Monument to the Confederacy, Depicting a Soldier and Mammy in Arlington Cemetery, 1914. 6. The Baltimore Afro-American Mocks the Idea of a Mammy Monument, 1923. ESSAYS. David R. Goldfield: The Past Is. W. Fitzhugh Brundage: Black Memory in the Era of Jim Crow. Micki McElya: The National Mammy Monument Controversy of the 1920s. Further Reading. Chapter 9: The Progressive South in the Age of Jim Crow. DOCUMENTS. 1. Booker T. Washington's Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895. 2. W. E. B. Du Bois Denounces Washington's Accommodationist Policies, 1903. 3. Mary Church Terrell Speaks on the Role of Modern Woman, c. 1916. 4. Charles W. Dabney Proposes Change for the Public Schools in the South, 1901. 5. Edgar Gardner Murphy Denounces Child Labor in Alabama, 1901. 6. Hoke Smith's Gubernatorial Address, Touches on Education 1907. 7. The Southern Sociological Congress Creates an Agenda for Reforming the South, 1914. 8. Antisuffragists Raise the Race Issue, c. 1915. 9. Annie Webb Blanton Runs for State Office, 1918. ESSAYS. William A. Link: The Paradox of Southern Progressivism. Lorraine Gates Schuyler: "Now You Smell Perfume": Women Voters in the South. Further Reading. Chapter 10: In Search of the Modern South. DOCUMENTS. 1. H. L. Mencken Blasts the South as "The Sahara of the Bozart," 1917. 2. The Ku Klux Klan Initiates New Members, 1915. 3. The Reverend Amzi Clarence Dixon Preaches on the Evils of Evolution, 1922. 4. Defense Attorney Clarence Darrow Interrogates Prosecutor William Jennings Bryan in the Scopes Trial, 1925. 5. Dr. William L. Poteat Criticizes Fundamentalism, 1925. 6. John Crowe Ransom Takes a Stand for the Agrarian Way of Life, 1930. 7. Richard Wright Describes Jim Crow Etiquette, 1945. ESSAYS. James C. Cobb: The Southern Renaissance and the Revolt against the New South Creed. Nancy MacLean: Mobilizing the Invisible Army. Willard B. Gatewood Jr.: After Scopes: Evolution in the South. Further Reading. Chapter 11: Turning Points? The New Deal to Post-World War II. DOCUMENTS. 1. Florida Women Desperate for Help Turn to the Government in Letters from the Depression, 1931, 1933, 1934. 2. Huey P. Long Wants to Make "Every Man a King," 1933. 3. Dorothea Lange Photographs the Depression, 1936. 4. The President's Council Reports on Southern Economic Conditions, 1938. 5. Virginia Foster Durr Describes the Southern Conference for Human Welfare and the Campaign to End the Poll Tax, 1938. 6. Margaret J. Hagood Recounts the Life of a Tenant Child, 1939. 7. Gordon P. Hancock Gives His Perspective on "What the Negro Wants," 1944. ESSAYS. Anthony J. Badger: How Did the New Deal Change the South?. Patricia Sullivan: Challenge to the Solid South, 1933-1938. James C. Cobb: The Impact of World War II on the American South. Further Reading. Chapter 12: Race Relations and Freedom Struggles. DOCUMENTS. 1. Melton A. McLaurin Recalls His "Separate Past" in Wade, North Carolina, 1953. 2. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 1954. 3. White Southerners Refute Brown v. Board of Education and Write Their Own Southern Manifesto, 1956. 4. The Little Rock Nine and Daisy Bates Pose in Mrs. Bates's Living Room, c. 1957. 5. Melba Pattillo Beals Reflects on 'Integration' at Central High, 1958. 6. Alabama Clergy Write an Open Appeal to End the Demonstrations, 1963. 7. Martin Luther King, Jr. Responds to the Alabama Clergy with "Letter from Birmingham Jail," 1963. 8. Anne Moody Recalls the Sit-In Movement in Jackson, Mississippi, 1963. 9. John Salter, Joan Trumpauer, and Anne Moody Sit-In at the Woolworth's in Jackson, 1963. 10. Results of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, 1986. ESSAYS. Elizabeth Jacoway: Torments Behind Closed Doors. Barbara Ransby: "Mississippi Goddamn": Fighting for Freedom in the Belly of the Beast. Further Reading. Chapter 13: The Recent South and Its Culture Wars. DOCUMENTS. 1. The Department of Commerce Charts the Economic Transformation of the South, 1955-1987. 2. Casey Hayden and Mary King Write "Sex and Caste: A Kind of Memo," 1965. 3. Jerry Falwell Publishes Listen, America!, 1980. 4. The Religious Right Joins the Republican Party, 1980-1992. 5. Republican Party Advances in the South, 1980-1998. 6. Two Southern Politicians, a Republican and a Democrat, Candidly Discuss Politics, 1981, 1982. 7. Southern Baptists Apologize for Endorsing Slavery, Segregation, and Racism, 1995. 8. Cartoonist Walt Handelsman Waves the Confederate Flag Controversy, 2000. 9. Obama Strikes a Southern Strategy for a New, Blue Dixie, 2008. ESSAYS. Dan T. Carter: Richard Nixon, George Wallace, and the Rise of the Conservative Right. Matthew D. Lassiter and Kevin M. Kruse: The Bulldozer Revolution: Suburbs and Southern History. Marjorie Julian Spruill: The Mississippi 'Takeover': Feminists, Social Conservatives, and the International Women's Year Conference of 1977. Further Reading. Chapter 14: The South in America. ESSAYS. Raymond Arsenault: The Air Conditioner and Southern Culture. Pete Daniel: Rhythms of the Land: A Look at Southern Culture. Jack Temple Kirby: Postmodern Landscapes: A Look at Southern Ecology. John Egerton: The End of the South as an American Problem. Further Reading.

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