Makers of Modern India

Makers of Modern India

by Ramachandra Guha
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674052463

ISBN-13: 9780674052468

Pub. Date: 03/31/2011

Publisher: Harvard University Press

Modern India is the world's largest democracy, a sprawling, polyglot nation containing one-sixth of all humankind. The existence of such a complex and distinctive democratic regime qualifies as one of the world's bona fide political miracles. Furthermore, India's leading political thinkers have often served as its most influential political actors—think of

Overview

Modern India is the world's largest democracy, a sprawling, polyglot nation containing one-sixth of all humankind. The existence of such a complex and distinctive democratic regime qualifies as one of the world's bona fide political miracles. Furthermore, India's leading political thinkers have often served as its most influential political actors—think of Gandhi, whose collected works run to more than ninety volumes, or Ambedkar, or Nehru, who recorded their most eloquent theoretical reflections at the same time as they strove to set the delicate machinery of Indian democracy on a coherent and just path.

Out of the speeches and writings of these thinker-activists, Ramachandra Guha has built the first major anthology of Indian social and political thought. Makers of Modern India collects the work of nineteen of India's foremost generators of political sentiment, from those whose names command instant global recognition to pioneering subaltern and feminist thinkers whose works have until now remained obscure and inaccessible. Ranging across manifold languages and cultures, and addressing every crucial theme of modern Indian history—race, religion, language, caste, gender, colonialism, nationalism, economic development, violence, and nonviolence—Makers of Modern India provides an invaluable roadmap to Indian political debate.

An extensive introduction, biographical sketches of each figure, and guides to further reading make this work a rich resource for anyone interested in India and the ways its leading political minds have grappled with the problems that have increasingly come to define the modern world.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674052468
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
03/31/2011
Pages:
512
Sales rank:
960,934
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.80(d)

Table of Contents

Prologue

Thinking through India 1

Part 1 The Opening of the Indian Mind

Introduction to Part One 23

1 The First Liberal: Rammohan Roy 26

Relations between Men and Women 30

The Freedom of the Press 33

The Need for Modern Education 40

Part 2 Reformers and Radicals

Introduction to Part Two 47

2 The Muslim Modernist: Syed Ahmad Khan 53

Educating the Muslims 56

A Modern Curriculum 61

The Two Eyes of India 65

Politics and Discord 66

3 The Agrarian Radical: Jotirao Phule 71

Educating the Masses 74

The Condition of the Peasantry 80

4 The Liberal Reformer: G. K. Gokhale 92

Elevating the Depressed Classes 94

On Hindu-Muslim Co-operation 98

A Call to Service 103

5 The Militant Nationalist: Bal Gangadhar Tilak 107

The Need for a National Hero 110

The Necessity for a Militant Nationalism 112

6 The Subaltern Feminist: Tarabai Shinde 119

A Comparison of Men and Women 121

Part 3 Nurturing a Nation

Introduction to Part Three 131

7 The Multiple Agendas of M. K. Gandhi 136

The Power of Non-violence 139

'Non-co-operation' with the British Raj 144

The Abolition of Untouchability 148

Hindu-Muslim Unity and Inter-faith Dialogue 157

The Position of Women 165

8 The Rooted Cosmopolitan: Rabindranath Tagore 170

India and the West 172

The Excesses of Nationalism 177

The Problem with Non-co-operation 183

9 The Annihilator of Caste: B. R. Ambedkar 187

The Revolution against Caste 190

How to Annihilate Caste 195

Why the Untouchables Distrust Gandhi 201

10 The Muslim Separatist: Muhammad Ali Jinnah 209

The Steps towards a Muslim Nation 212

11 The Radical Reformer: E. V. Ramaswami 222

The Fraud of Religion 224

On the Rights of Widows 233

The Case for Contraception 237

The Constraints of Marriage 238

12 The Socialist Feminist: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay 241

The Women's Movement in Perspective 243

A Socialist View of the Communal Question 251

13 The Renewed Agendas of M. K. Gandhi 257

Re-visiting Nationalism 258

Re-visiting Caste 260

Re-visiting Hindu-Muslim Co-operation 265

Village Renewal and Political Decentralisation 276

Part 4 Debating Democracy

Introduction to Part Four 283

14 The Wise Democrat: B. R. Ambedkar 287

The Indian Constitution Defended and Interpreted 288

15 The Multiple Agendas of Jawaharlal Nehru 299

The Treatment of Minorities 301

On Planning and Economic Policy 308

Asia Redux 312

India in the World 318

The Conflict with China 324

The Rights of Women 331

16 The Hindu Supremacist: M. S. Golwalkar 338

The Hindu Nation and Its Enemies 341

The Muslim Threat 344

Not Socialism but Hindurashtra 346

17 The Indigenous Socialist: Rammanohar Lohia 351

Caste and Class 353

Banish English 363

18 The Grassroots Socialist: Jayaprakash Narayan 368

A Plea for Political Decentralisation 371

The Tragedy of Tibet 378

A Fair Deal for Kashmir 386

The Question of Nagaland 389

19 The Gandhian Liberal: C. Rajagopalachari 394

Our Democracy 397

Wanted: Independent Thinking 401

The Case for the Swatantra Party 405

Reforming the System of Elections in India 409

Freeing the Economy 413

Assisting the Backward 416

Why We Need English 418

The India We Want 422

20 The Defender of the Tribals: Verrier Elwin 425

Freedom for the Tribals 427

Neither Isolation nor Assimilation 434

Part 5 A Tradition Re-Affirmed

Introduction to Part Five 441

21 The Last Modernist: Hamid Dalwai 444

The Burden of History 446

The Challenge of Secularism 450

For a United Front of Liberals 453

Epilogue: India in the World 457

Guide to Further Reading 477

Acknowledgements 489

Index 491

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