Making a Killing: The Deadly Implications of the Counterfeit Drug Trade

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Counterfeit pharmaceuticals kill hundreds of thousands of people every year. Although most pervasive in poor countries, counterfeit drug trafficking is a worrying new phenomenon in the developed world. Payoffs for counterfeiters are high—the global market amounts to billions of dollars per year—and potential punishment is slight compared to the strict penalties facing narcotics dealers. From Internet pharmacies frequented by American consumers to the back streets of New Delhi, counterfeit drug trafficking is a complex, deadly, and increasingly lucrative industry that is becoming an attractive arena for organized crime. In this groundbreaking study, Roger Bate traces pharmaceutical counterfeiting around the world, from developed nations, where counterfeits often target "lifestyle" drugs such as Viagra, to developing countries, where counterfeiters favor therapeutic medicines such as antimalarials and antibiotics. Enforcement in developing nations is hampered by inadequate education, feeble regulation, and sluggish policing of existing laws. The United States is struggling to thwart an insidious Internet market. Making a Killing: The Deadly Implications of the Counterfeit Drug Trade champions greater cooperation between wealthy and poor nations to quash the trade in counterfeit pharmaceuticals. Bate calls for fortified policing resources, harsher penalties for counterfeiters, widespread public education, and commonsense consumer vigilance against this danger. Western policymakers must act immediately to quell the deadly counterfeit market in developing countries—and to ensure the integrity of their products at home.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780844742649
  • Publisher: Aei Press
  • Publication date: 6/25/2008
  • Pages: 120
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Roger Bate is a resident fellow at AEI. He writes extensively on topics such as endemic diseases in developing countries (malaria, HIV/AIDS); access and innovation in pharmaceuticals; taxes and tariffs; water policy; and international health agreements.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     vii
Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction: The Second-Oldest Profession     1
Definitions and Scope     4
Counterfeiting Today     8
Counterfeit Drugs in Industrialized Economies     8
Compromised Supply Chains     8
Internet Sales     9
Drugs Targeted     12
Counterfeit Drugs in Developing Countries     14
Africa     17
Latin America     20
Russia     21
Asia     23
How and Why Does Counterfeiting Occur?     25
Incentives to Counterfeit     25
Corruption within Countries     27
Complex Supply Chains Encourage Fakes     28
Developed Countries     28
Developing Countries     33
Counterfeiting, Organized Crime, and Terrorism     35
Conclusion     37
Stopping the Fakers     39
At the International Level     39
At the National Level     41
Developed Countries     41
Japan     41
United States     43
European Union     44
Developing Countries     45
Africa     46
Latin America     50
Russia     51
Asia     52
Unilateral Private Action     57
Independent Organizations     57
Pharmaceutical Companies     59
Pharmacists     60
Policy Recommendations     61
At the International Level     61
Donor Agencies     61
Aid Agencies     62
At the National Level     63
Developing Countries     63
Western Countries     66
Public and Private Actors     67
Governments     68
Policymakers     71
At the Business Level     72
Pharmaceutical Companies     72
At the Individual Level     72
Public-Private Cooperation     73
Conclusion     75
Notes     77
About the Author     105
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