Preface and Acknowledgments.
Overview of the Book.
Overview of the Chapters.
1. Introducing Sheltered Instruction.
English Learner Diversity.
School Reform and Accountability in the 21st Century.
Changes in Instructional Practice for English Learners.
The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol.
The SIOP Model.
Implementing the SIOP Model: Getting Started.
2. Lesson Preparation.
Content Objectives Clearly Defined for Students.
Language Objectives Clearly Defined for Students.
Writing Language and Content Objectives.
Content Concepts Appropriate for Age and Eductaional Background.
Supplementary Materials Used to a High Degree.
Adaptation of Content to All Levels of Student Proficiency.
Meaningful Activities That Integrate Lesson Concepts with Language Practice.
Using the SIOP Protocol.
3. Building Background.
Concepts Linked to Students' Background.
Links Made Between Past Learning and New Concepts.
Key Vocabulary Emphasized.
Developing Content Language.
Developing School Language.
4. Comprehensible Input.
Appropriate Speech for ELLs.
Explanation of Academic Tasks.
Use of Techniques.
Opportunities for Interaction.
-Oral Language Development
-Other Opportunities for Interaction
Clarify Key Concepts in L1.
Hands-On Materials and/or Manipulatives Provided for Students to Practice Using New Content.
Activities Provided for Students to Apply Content and Language Knowledge.
Activities that Integrate all Language Skills.
8. Lesson Delivery.
Content Objectives Clearly Supported by Lesson Delivery.
Language Objectives Clearly Supported by Lesson Delivery.
Meeting Content and Language Objectives
Students Engaged 90% - 100% of the Period.
Pacing of Lesson Appopriate to Students' Ability Levels
Review of Key Vocabulary.
Review of Key Content Concepts.
Providing Feedback on Student Output.
Assessment of Lesson Objectives.
10. Issues of Reading Development and Special Education for English Learners.
Issues of Reading Development and Assessment.
Issues Related to Special Education.
Special Education Services: When are They Appropriate?
Assisting Struggling Learners.
Students with Special Needs.
11. Effective Use of the SIOP Protocol.
Scoring and Interpretation of the SIOP Protocol.
Not Applicable (NA) Category
Using SIOP Scores and comments.
Reliability and Validity of the SIOP.
Appendix A: The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol.
Appendix B: Lesson Plans.
Appendix C: Research on the SIOP Model.