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Designed for students without a strong background in history, Making Europe is organized around a political chronology to help inexperienced students get a sense of the story of western civilization. Themes of religion, social history, biography and personality, and individual and collective identity enable students to grasp the "big picture." The text's attention to Eastern Europe and thorough coverage of religious history extends right up to the present. The authors' collective experience teaching Western Civilization is evident in the text's carefully designed system of pedagogy that promotes understanding of events and figures of the western past. Focus and review questions, chronologies, key terms and definitions, and chapter summaries help students engage with the material step-by-step, chapter-by-chapter.
Frank L. Kidner is Professor of History Emeritus at San Francisco State University, where he taught from 1968 until his retirement in 2006. He has also taught in the Western Civilization program at Stanford University and at Amherst College. His courses include Western Civilization, undergraduate and graduate courses in Early Modern Europe, and the history of the Christian Church as well as a graduate course in historical methodology. He has authored articles on topics in Late Antiquity and co-edited TRAVEL, COMMUNICATION, AND GEOGRAPHY IN LATE ANTIQUITY.
Maria Bucur is Associate Dean in the College of Arts and Sciences and John V. Hill Professor in East European History at Indiana University, where she has taught an undergraduate course on "The Idea of Europe" and other topics in nineteenth- and twentieth-century eastern Europe. Her research focus is on social and cultural developments in eastern Europe, with a special interest in Romania (geographically) and gender (thematically). Her publications include EUGENICS AND MODERNIZATION IN INTERWAR ROMANIA and HEROES AND VICTIMS: REMEMBERING WAR IN TWENTIETH CENTURY ROMANIA. When not writing and reading history or administrative memos, Bucur is following her dream of being in a band (violin and bass) with her husband and children.
Ralph Mathisen is Professor of History, Classics, and Medieval Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is a specialist in the ancient world with a particular interest in the society, culture, and religion of Late Antiquity. His teaching experience includes Western Civilization and topics in the Ancient Near East, Greece, Rome, Byzantium, coinage, and Roman law. He has written more than seventy scholarly articles and has written or edited 10 books, the most recent of which is PEOPLE, PERSONAL EXPRESSION, AND SOCIAL RELATIONS IN LATE ANTIQUITY. He is also the editor of the JOURNAL OF LATE ANTIQUITY and OXFORD STUDIES IN LATE ANTIQUITY. He enjoys traveling, running, and ballroom dancing.
Sally McKee is Professor of History at the University of California at Davis, where she teaches courses on Western Civilization and medieval history. Her research focus has been Venice and its colonies and Mediterranean slavery, but her new project centers on nineteenth-century France and Italy. She is the author of articles that have won prizes and been anthologized, and she has also published a three-volume edition of Venetian-Cretan wills and a monograph, UNCOMMON DOMINION: VENETIAN CRETE AND THE MYTH OF ETHNIC PURITY. When she is not teaching, she travels the world in search of archives, modern art museums, and great street food.
Theodore R. Weeks is Professor of History at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, where he teaches Western Civilization and world and European history. His research centers on nationality, inter-ethnic relations, and antisemitism in eastern Europe. He is the author of NATION AND STATE IN LATE IMPERIAL RUSSIA and FROM ASSIMILIATION TO ANTISEMITISM: THE "JEWISH QUESTION" IN POLAND, 1850-1914, and his articles have appeared in several languages, including Estonian and Hebrew.
Note: Each chapter includes an Introduction and a Summary. 1. The Origins of Western Civilization in the Ancient Near East, 3000-1200 B.C.E. Choice: Akhenaton Decides to Make Aton the Main God of Egypt Before History, 2,000,000-3000 B.C.E. Mesopotamian Civilization, 3000-1200 B.C.E. Egyptian Civilization, 3000-1200 B.C.E. Voice: Akhenaton, "Great Hymn to Aton" Lost Civilizations of the Bronze Age, 2500-1200 B.C.E. Echo: The Return of the Mummy 2. Iron Age Civilizations, 1200-500 B.C.E. Choice: Deborah Leads the Hebrew People Against the Canaanites Merchants and Traders of the Eastern Mediterranean, 1200-650 B.C.E. The Hebrews and Monotheism, 1800-900 B.C.E. Voice: The Song of Deborah The Assyrians and Their Successors, 900-550 B.C.E. The Persian Empire, 550-500 B.C.E. Echo: From the Lydian Shekel to the Silver Dollar 3. The Rise of Greek Civilization, 1100-387 B.C.E. Choice: Socrates Chooses Death The Development of Greek Identity, 1100-776 B.C.E. The Archaic Age, 776-500 B.C.E., Sparta and Athens The Classical Age, 500-387 B.C.E. Voice: Aristophanes Suggests How to End the War Echo: The Olympic Games 4. From Polis to Cosmopolis: The Hellenistic World, 387-30 B.C.E. Choice: The Maccabees Decide to Revolt Alexander the Great, 387-323 B.C.E. Voice: Plutarch and Arrian Describe Alexander's Mass Marriages The Hellenistic World, 323-330 B.C.E. Hellenistic Culture and Science Identity in a Cosmopolitan Society Echo: The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World 5. The Rise of Rome, 753-27 B.C.E. Choice: Spartacus Decides to Revolt The Development of Roman Identity, 753-509 B.C.E. The Evolution of the Roman Republic, 509-146 B.C.E. Voice: Polybius Describes the Roman Constitution The Effects of Roman Expansion, 146-88 B.C.E. The End of the Republic, 90-27 B.C.E. Echo: From Appian Way to Interstate Highway 6. The Roman Empire, 27 B.C.E.-284 C.E. Choice: Boudicca Chooses to Revolt Against Rome Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire, 27 B.C.E.-14 C.E. The Roman Peace, 14-192 C.E. Religion in the Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity Voice: Vibia Perpetua Records the Events Leading to Her Martyrdom The Roman Empire in Crisis, 193-284 C.E. Echo: From Roman Gladiators to Boxing and Wrestlemania 7. Late Antiquity, 284-527 Choice: Constantine Decides to Become a Christian The Restoration of the Roman Empire, 284-337 The Christian Empire, 312-415 Late Romans and Their World The Fall of the Western Roman Empire, 364-476 Voice: Ammianus Describes the Huns The Post-Roman World, 400-527 Echo: Sunday Blue Laws 8. The Eastern Mediterranean, 500-1000 Choice: Empress Theodora Changes Emperor Justinian's Mind Justinian and the Revival of Empire in the East, 500-650 The Rise of Islam, 600-700 The Expansion of Islam, 700-800 Middle Byzantine Period, 600-1071 Voice: Church Councils Condemn and Restore the Use of Icons Echo: Sunnis and Shiites 9. The Kingdoms of Western Europe, 500-1000 Choice: The Pope Crowns Charlemagne Emperor Regional Rule, Local Views, 500-750 The Western Church, 500-800 Voice: Pope Gregory Sends Instructions to a Missionary Charlemagne and the Revival of Empire in the West, 700-900 Order and Disorder in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries Echo: The Beginning of Time 10. The High Middle Ages, 1000-1300 Choice: Thomas Becket Defends the Liberties of the Church Church Reform and Spiritual Renewal The Crusades Voice: Anna Comnena Describes the Crusaders The Growth of Royal Authority The Growth of Towns and Trade The Building of Cathedrals and the Spread of Learning Echo: Crusade 11. Reversals and Disasters, 1300-1450 Choice: Joan of Arc Recants, Then Retracts Her Recanting Famine and Plague One Hundred Years of Warfare Resistance and Revolt A Worldly Church The Contraction of Europe's Borders Voice: Eleazar of Mainz Writes His Last Testament Echo: The Black Death and AIDS 12. The Renaissance in Italy and Northern Europe, 1350-1550 Choice: Leonardo da Vinci Seeks Employment A New Climate of Cultural Expression The Northern European Renaissance Voice: Erasmus Defends His Translation of the New Greek Testament The Cities of Renaissance Italy Renaissance Ideals in Transition, 1400-1550 Echo: Renaissance Art, Modern Art 13. Europe's Age of Expansion, 1450-1550 Choice: Isabella of Castile Finances Christopher Columbus's Voyage Across the Atlantic Economic and Social Change Resurgent Monarchies Europe's Global Expansion Voice: Isabella of Castile Writes Her Last Will and Testament Exploration, Expansion, and European Identity Echo: Christopher Columbus 14. Reform in the Western Church, 1490-1570 Choice: Teresa of Ávila Chooses to Reform the Carmelites The Context of Church Reform, 1494-1517 Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation, 1517-1550 The Protestant Reformation Across Europe, 1520-1570 Voice: The Pastors of Geneva Establish Rules for Proper Christian Conduct Catholic Reform, 1500-1570 Reformation and Society Echo: Media Revolutions 15. A Century of War and Wonder, 1550-1650 Choice: Jacques Callot Publishes the "Miseries and Misfortunes of War" Europe's Economy and Society The Fate of Spain and the Flourishing of the Netherlands Political Contests and More Religious Wars Voice: Simplicius Simplicissimus Encounters Some "Merry Cavalrymen" Reformation and Revolution in the British Isles Christian Reform, Religious War, and the Jews Echo: War Stories 16. State Building and the European State System 1648-1789 Choice: Louis XIV Decides to Rule France on His Own Absolutism in France, 1648-1740 Voice: Louis XIV Advises His Son The Austrian Habsburgs, 1648-1740 The Rise of Prussia, 1640-1740 Russia and Europe, 1682-1796 The English Constitutional Monarchy, 1660-1740 Two World Wars, 1740-1763 Echo: Palaces 17. The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, 1550-1790 Choice: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu Introduces Smallpox Inoculation in England A Revolution in Astronomy The Impact of the New Science The Enlightenment Voice: Voltaire Attacks Christianity Society and the Enlightenment Enlightenment Debates Echo: Coffeehouses 18. Trade and Empire, 1700-1800 Choice: Samuel Gamble Sets Out from London on a Slaving Voyage Economic Recovery The Atlantic World Voice: Olaudah Equiano Describes Passage on a Slave Ship European Society in the Age of Enlightenment The Beginning of Industrial Production Echo: Trafficking in Human Beings 19. Revolutionary France and Napoleonic Europe, 1775-1815 Choice: Olympe de Gouges Becomes a Revolutionary From Crisis to Constitution, 1775-1789 The Constitutional Monarchy, 1789-1792 Voice: Olympe de Gouges Asserts the Rights of Women The Republic and the Reign of Terror, 1792-1795 The Rise of Napoleon, 1794-1804 The Napoleonic Empire, 1804-1815 Echo: "Left" and "Right" 20. Restoration and Reform: Conservative and Liberal Europe, 1814-1847 Choice: The Grimm Brothers Begin Work on Their German Dictionary The Old Order and New Challenges The Beginnings of Modern Ideology Voice: Jacob Grimm Writes a Foreword to the German Dictionary Political Pressures on the Continent Reform in Great Britain Echo: Frankenstein 21. Industrialization and Society, 1800-1850 Choice: Friedrich Engels Denounces Capitalist Exploitation The Spread of Industrialization Voice: Friedrich Engels Describes the Condition of the Working Class in England The Middle Classes Working Classes Critics of Industrialization Echo: Standardized Time 22. The Triumph of the Nation-State, 1848-1900 Choice: Theodor Herzl Creates Modern Zionism The Revolutions of 1848 New Nation-States and Nationalist Tensions The Expanding Role of the State Nationalism and Its Opponents Voice: Theodor Herzl Speculates on the Impact of Jewish Immigration to Palestine Echo: National Anthems and National Identity 23. The Culture of Industrial Europe, 1850-1914 Choice: Marie Curie-Sklodowska Chooses to Study Physics The Second Industrial Revolution Mass Society Voice: Marie Curie Recalls Her Youth in Russian Poland Art and Industrial Society Science and Social Science Echo: Tourism 24. The Age of Imperialism, 1870-1914 Choice: Cecil Rhodes Creates the Rhodes Scholarship Motives and Methods of the New Imperialism Voice: Cecil Rhodes Writes His Own "Confession of Faith" The Scramble for Africa The British Raj in India Imperialism and the Muslim World The Far East Consequences and Critics Echo: Imperialism and the English Language 25. War and Revolution, 1900-1918 Choice: Vladimir Ilych Lenin Leads the Russian Revolution A New Century, 1900-1914 The Unexpected War, 1914 Total War, 1914-1918 Russia in Revolution, 1917 Voice: Lenin Proposes His "April Theses" The Turning of the Tide, 1917-1918 Echo: Propaganda and Advertising 26. A Decade of Revolutionary Experiments, 1918-1929 Choice: Alexandra Kollontai Becomes a Revolutionary The Search for Stability, 1918-1924 Postwar Political Experiments, 1924-1929 The New Soviet State Voice: Alexandra Kollantai Advocates a New Type of Woman Social and Cultural Experiments Echo: Sex Advice Columns in Women's Magazines 27. Democracy Under Siege, 1929-1945 Choice: George Orwell Commits Himself to Socialism Responses to the Great Depression, 1929-1939 The Soviet Union Under Stalin, 1929-1939 The Third Reich, 1933-1945 World War II, 1939-1945 Voice: George Orwell Reflects on Nationalism Echo: The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C. 28. Europe Divided, 1945-1968 Choice: Ana Pauker Submits to the Communist Party The Iron Curtain Falls, 1945-1958 The Revival of Western Europe The Restructuring of Eastern Europe Voice: Jakub Berman Defends the Communist Takeover in Poland Superpower Conflicts and Colonial Independence Movements, 1945-1968 Cultural Developments and Social Protest Echo: The Volkswagen Transporter 29. Lifting the Iron Curtain, 1969-1991 Choice: Václav Havel Chooses Dissent Politics in Western Europe Social Change in the West Growing Crisis in the Communist East Voice: Václav Havel Calls on the Power of the Powerless Cultural Leaps over the Wall The Collapse of the Soviet System, 1989-1991 Echo: Peace Protests 30. Europe in a Globalizing World, 1991 to the Present Choice: Jose Bove Plows Down a McDonald's Eastern Europe After Communism European Integration Europe and Globalization The Future of the West Voice: Pope Benedict XVI Speaks of the Future of Christianity Echo: I Want My MTV