Making Hate a Crime: From Social Movement to Law Enforcement (American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology)

Making Hate a Crime: From Social Movement to Law Enforcement (American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology)

by Valerie Jenness, Ryken Grattet
     
 

ISBN-10: 0871544091

ISBN-13: 9780871544094

Pub. Date: 08/28/2001

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

Violence motivated by racism, anti-Semitism, misogyny, and homophobia weaves a tragic pattern throughout American history. Fueled by recent high-profile cases, hate crimes have achieved an unprecedented visibility. Only in the past twenty years, however, has this kind of violence—itself as old as humankind—been specifically categorized and labeled as hate

Overview

Violence motivated by racism, anti-Semitism, misogyny, and homophobia weaves a tragic pattern throughout American history. Fueled by recent high-profile cases, hate crimes have achieved an unprecedented visibility. Only in the past twenty years, however, has this kind of violence—itself as old as humankind—been specifically categorized and labeled as hate crime. Making Hate a Crime is the first book to trace the emergence and development of hate crime as a concept, illustrating how it has become institutionalized as a social fact and analyzing its policy implications.

In Making Hate a Crime Valerie Jenness and Ryken Grattet show how the concept of hate crime emerged and evolved over time, as it traversed the arenas of American politics, legislatures, courts, and law enforcement. In the process, violence against people of color, immigrants, Jews, gays and lesbians, women, and persons with disabilities has come to be understood as hate crime, while violence against other vulnerable victims-octogenarians, union members, the elderly, and police officers, for example-has not. The authors reveal the crucial role social movements played in the early formulation of hate crime policy, as well as the way state and federal politicians defined the content of hate crime statutes, how judges determined the constitutional validity of those statutes, and how law enforcement has begun to distinguish between hate crime and other crime. Hate crime took on different meanings as it moved from social movement concept to law enforcement practice. As a result, it not only acquired a deeper jurisprudential foundation but its scope of application has been restricted in some ways and broadened in others. Making Hate a Crime reveals how our current understanding of hate crime is a mix of political and legal interpretations at work in the American policymaking process. Jenness and Grattet provide an insightful examination of the birth of a new category in criminal justice: hate crime. Their findings have implications for emerging social problems such as school violence, television-induced violence, elder-abuse, as well as older ones like drunk driving, stalking, and sexual harassment. Making Hate a Crime presents a fresh perspective on how social problems and the policies devised in response develop over time.

A Volume in the American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780871544094
Publisher:
Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date:
08/28/2001
Series:
American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology Series
Pages:
236
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authorsxi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
Chapter 1Introduction: The Hate Crime Agenda1
Chapter 2The Emergence of an Anti-Hate-Crime Movement and the Construction of an Epidemic of Violence17
Chapter 3Social Movement Mobilization, Categorization Processes, and Meaning Making in Federal Hate Crime Law42
Chapter 4Diffusion Processes and the Evolution of State Hate Crime Law73
Chapter 5Judicial Decision Making and the Changing Meaning of Hate Crime102
Chapter 6Law Enforcement Responses: Policing and Prosecuting Hate Crime127
Chapter 7Conclusion: Empirical Findings, Theoretical Interpretations, and Policy Implications154
Notes183
References195
Index213

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