Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turnby Asef Bayat
Pub. Date: 05/16/2007
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Whether Islam is compatible with democracy is an increasingly asked question, but ultimately a misguided one. In this book, Asef Bayat proposes that democratic ideals have less to do with the essence of any religion than with how it is practiced. He offers a new approach to Islam and democracy, outlining how the social struggles of student organizations,/i>… See more details below
Whether Islam is compatible with democracy is an increasingly asked question, but ultimately a misguided one. In this book, Asef Bayat proposes that democratic ideals have less to do with the essence of any religion than with how it is practiced. He offers a new approach to Islam and democracy, outlining how the social struggles of student organizations, youth and women's groups, the intelligentsia, and other social movements can make Islam democratic.
Making Islam Democratic examines in detail those social movements that have used religion to unleash social and political change, either to legitimize authoritarian rule or, in contrast, to construct an inclusive faith that embraces a democratic polity. It provides a fresh analysis of Iran's 1979 Islamic revolutionhow it has evolved into the pervasive, post-Islamist reform movement of the early twenty-first century, and how it differed from Egypt's religious "passive revolution."
Focusing on events from the Iranian Revolution to the current day, with a comparative focus on Islamism, post-Islamism, and active religious expression across the region, Bayat explores the highly contested relationship between religion, politics, and the quotidian in the Middle East. His book provides an important understanding of the great anxiety of our timethe global march of "Muslim rage"and offers a hopeful picture of a democratic Middle East.
Table of Contents
Islam and Democracy: The Perverse Charm of an Irrelevant Question 1
Revolution without Movement, Movement without Revolution: Islamist Activism in Iran and Egypt, 1960s-1980s 16
The Making of a Post-Islamist Movement: Social Movements and Sociopolitical Change in Iran, 1979-1997 49
Post-Islamism in Power: Dilemmas of the Reform Project, 1997-2004 106
Egypt's "Passive Revolution": The State and the Fragmentation of Islamism, 1992-2005 136
The Politics of Presence: Imagining a Post-Islamist Democracy 187
Reference Matter: Persian and Arabic Journals Cited 209
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