The Making of American Industrial Research: Science and Business at GE and Bell, 1876-1926 / Edition 1

The Making of American Industrial Research: Science and Business at GE and Bell, 1876-1926 / Edition 1

by Leonard S. Reich
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521522374

ISBN-13: 9780521522373

Pub. Date: 08/22/2002

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book tells the story of how and why industrial research was established in America by two large and innovative corporations: General Electric, formed in a merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston in 1892, and the dominant force in the American electrical industry ever since; and American Telephone and Telegraph, the commercial outgrowth of

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Overview

This book tells the story of how and why industrial research was established in America by two large and innovative corporations: General Electric, formed in a merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston in 1892, and the dominant force in the American electrical industry ever since; and American Telephone and Telegraph, the commercial outgrowth of Alexander Graham Bell's invention of the telephone. Important lessons can be drawn from the early efforts of these two corporations. Through industrial research - and particularly through the development of patented products and processes - large companies could begin to exert a new degree of market control by strongly influencing the rate and direction of technological change. The development of industrial research also had a profound impact on science and technology in America. It affected the content and methods of both by providing new opportunities, incentives, and constraints to the growing community of students and engineers.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521522373
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
08/22/2002
Series:
Studies in Economic History and Policy: USA in the Twentieth Century Series
Edition description:
FIRST/REPRINT
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations; Editors' preface; Preface; 1. Introduction: the importance of industrial research; 2. Building the foundations of industrial research: American science, technology, and industry in the 19th century; 3. The establishment and early growth of General Electric; 4. Origins and early history of the General Electric Research Laboratory; 5. General Electric: the research process; 6. The establishment and early growth of Bell Telephone; 7. AT&T: the establishment of industrial research; 8. AT&T: the research process; 9. Research, patents, and the struggle to control radio; 10. Conclusion: the impact of industrial research; Notes; Index.

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