Making of Social Movements in Latin America: Identity, Strategy, and Democracy / Edition 1

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During the last decade, Latin American social movements have brought about a profound transformation in the nature and practice of protest and collective action. This book surveys the full spectrum of movements in Latin America today-from peasant and squatter movements to women's and gay movements, as well as environmental and civic movements - examining how this diverse mosaic of emergent social actors has prompted social scientists to rethink the dynamics of Latin American social and political change.Whereas the prevailing theories of social movements have largely drawn on Western cases, this volume includes the work of prominent Latin American scholars and incorporates analytical perspectives originating in the region. Contributors discuss the three dimensions of change most commonly attributed to Latin American social movements in the 1980s: their role in forging collective identities; their innovative social practices and political strategies; and their actual or potential contributions to alternative visions of development and to the democratization of political institutions and social relations.This interdisciplinary text provides both specialists and students of social movements with a unique, comprehensive, and accessible collection of essays that is unprecedented in theoretical and empirical scope. It will be useful in a wide range of graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in Latin American studies, comparative politics, sociology and anthropology, development studies, political economy, and contemporary political and cultural theory.
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Editorial Reviews

An interdisciplinary anthology representing a collective theoretical reflection on the nature and present status of the comparative study of social movements in Latin America. Paper edition (unseen), $18.95. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Arturo Escobar is assistant professor of anthropology at Smith College. Sonia E. Alvarez is associate professor of politics at the University of California at Santa Cruz. Arturo Escobar is assistant professor of anthropology at Smith College. Sonia E. Alvarez is associate professor of politics at the University of California at Santa Cruz.
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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments
About the Editors and Contributors
1 Introduction: Theory and Protest in Latin America Today 1
Pt. 1 Conceptualizing Social Movements in Contemporary Latin America
2 Social Movements: Actors, Theories, Expectations 19
3 Marxism, Feminism, and the Struggle for Democracy in Latin America 37
4 The Study of New Social Movements in Latin America and the Question of Autonomy 52
5 Culture, Economics, and Politics in Latin American Social Movements Theory and Research 62
Pt. 2 The Making of Collective Identities
6 "I Dreamed of Foxes and Hawks": Reflections on Peasant Protest, New Social Movements, and the Rondas Campesinas of Northern Peru 89
7 From Resistance to Social Movement: The Indigenous Authorities Movement in Colombia 112
8 Power, Gender, and Development: Popular Women's Organizations and the Politics of Needs in Ecuador 134
9 The Venezuelan Ecology Movement: Symbolic Effectiveness, Social Practices, and Political Strategies 150
10 Rethinking the Study of Social Movements: The Case of Christian Base Communities in Urban Brazil 171
11 Homosexual Identities in Transitional Brazilian Politics 185
Pt. 3 Articulating Strategies and Democratizing Democracy
12 Feminisms in Latin America: From Bogota to San Bernardo 207
13 The Evolution of Urban Popular Movements in Mexico Between 1968 and 1988 240
14 Radical Opposition Parties and Squatters Movements in Pinochet's Chile 260
15 Democratization and the Decline of Urban Social Movements in Uruguay: A Political-Institutional Account 276
16 Popular Movements in the Context of the Consolidation of Democracy in Brazil 291
17 Social Movements and Political Power in Latin America 303
18 Conclusion: Theoretical and Political Horizons of Change in Contemporary Latin American Social Movements 317
List of Acronyms 331
Bibliography 334
About the Book 365
About the Series 366
Index 367
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