Making Poor Nations Rich: Entrepreneurship and the Process of Economic Development

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Why do some nations become rich while others remain poor? Traditional mainstream economic growth theory has done little to answer this question—during most of the twentieth century the theory focused on models that assumed growth was a simple function of labor, capital, and technology. Through a collection of case studies from Asia and Africa to Latin America and Europe, Making Poor Nations Rich argues for examining the critical role entrepreneurs and the institutional environment of private property rights and economic freedom play in economic development.

Making Poor Nations Rich begins by explaining how entrepreneurs create economic growth and why some institutional environments encourage more productive entrepreneurship than others. The volume then addresses countries and regions that have failed to develop because of barriers to entrepreneurship. Finally, the authors turn to countries that have developed by reforming their institutional environment to protect private property rights and grant greater levels of economic freedom.

The overall lesson from this volume is clear: pro-market reforms are essential to promoting the productive entrepreneurship that leads to economic growth. In countries where this institutional environment is lacking, sustained economic development will remain illusive.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The book concludes with encouraging success stories from nations in Asia (China, India), Europe (Ireland), and even Africa (Botswana), whose economic achievement illustrates Powell's belief that encouraging small-business entrepreneurs is the best way to achieve and maintain general affluence... The writing here is vivid and intelligent. Futurists will be particularly interested in the essays by James A. Dorn on China's key achievements and remaining economic needs, as well as the assessment of India's prospects for attaining world prominence in trade and culture by Parth J. Shah and Renuka Sane."—The Futurist

"This book is a bold quarterback sneak directly into a line of argument in economic development studies that has long been ignored, trivialized or considered impossible to measure. It emphasizes the critical role of entrepreneurship vigorously undertaken in a friendly institutional setting, moving from theoretical analyses to individual and national case studies in countries and regions worldwide." —William Ratliff, Hoover Institution, Stanford University

"While previous literature on entrepreneurship focused on how to construct new government programs to promote entrepreneurship, this book turns that theory on its head. This book shows how policies that limit government's scope of action are necessary to promote entrepreneurship. It is a refreshing change, and much more in line with the new and upcoming theories in this area than any previous works on state entrepreneurship policy." —Russell S. Sobel, West Virginia University

"Making Poor Nations Rich is a serious attempt to further develop the theory of entrepreneurship. Fourteen chapters of the book cover the most important issues of our time: wealth and poverty of nations, the role of entrepreneurship in economic and human development, economic performance of transitional economies with the stories of both winners and losers." —Yuri Maltsev, Carthage College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780804757324
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • Publication date: 11/8/2007
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 1,556,218
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Benjamin Powell is Director of the Center on Entrepreneurial Innovation at the Independent Institute and Assistant Professor of Economics at San Jose State University.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     vii
Foreword   Deepak Lal     xi
Contributors     xix
Acknowledgments     xxiii
Introduction   Benjamin Powell     1
Institutions and Entrepreneurship
Big Bills Left on the Sidewalk: Why Some Nations Are Rich, and Others Poor   Mancur Olson Jr.     25
Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth   Randall G. Holcombe     54
Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive, and Destructive   William J. Baumol     79
Economic Freedom and Property Rights: The Institutional Environment of Productive Entrepreneurship   Robert A. Lawson     112
Failures in Entrepreneurial Development
The African Development Conundrum   George B. N. Ayittey     137
The Case of Latin America   Alvaro Vargas Llosa     189
Entrepreneurship or Entremanureship? Digging Through Romania's Institutional Environment for Transition Lessons   Peter J. Boettke   Christopher J. Coyne   Peter T. Leeson     223
Sweden's Slowdown: The Impact of Interventionism on Entrepreneurship   Dan Johansson     250
Reform and Success in Entrepreneurial Development
China's March Toward the Market   James A. Dorn     283
India: The Elephant inthe Age of Liberation   Parth J. Shah   Renuka Sane     309
Economic Freedom and Growth: The Case of the Celtic Tiger   Benjamin Powell     342
Why Have Kiwis Not Become Tigers? Reforms, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Performance in New Zealand   Frederic Sautet     364
Look, Botswana: No Hands! Why Botswana's Government Should Let the Economy Steer Itself   Scott A. Beaulier     396
Index     429
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