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Michael J. Callahan
"Kindles the excitement associated with self-employment via numerous examples while paying attention to hard-nosed business detail."
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Self-employment is a realistic employment option for all people, regardless of disability. With an emphasis on the involvement of community programs and school transition staff, this book focuses on how to identify and utilize the critical business supports necessary for the development of self-employment opportunities for people with disabilities. Specific topics covered include the role of community rehabilitation personnel and vocational rehabilitation counselors and methods for using programs such as Plans for Achieving Self Support and Ticket to Work. While this book provides practical advice for helping people with developmental disabilities become successfully self-employed, other books on disability and work tend to examine theoretical issues and stop short of providing useful strategies.
Excerpted from chapter 1 of Making Self-Employment Work for People with Disabilities
By Cary Griffin & David Hammis
Copyright © 2003 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved.
Self-Employment as a Mainstream Approach to Adult Life
IMPORTANT TERMS IN THIS CHAPTER
Community rehabilitation programs (CRPs): Local rehabilitation agencies that generally offer sheltered employment, supported employment, service coordination, and other state-funded services to adults with disabilities. Most are funded primarily for individuals with developmental disabilities.
Small Business Administration (SBA): A federal agency that sponsors small business development programs throughout the United States. Offers free of charge technical assistance, financing, and information on enterprise development.
Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs): Centers in many U.S. communities that provide free assistance regarding business feasibility, business planning, marketing suggestions, financing, and management. SBDCs are part of the SBA.
Social Security Administration (SSA): The primary benefits system in the United States for people with disabilities. The SSA's most common benefits programs are Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). The SSA also manages the Plan for Achieving Self-Support (PASS) program.
Vocational Rehabilitation (VR): A state and federally funded program charged with assisting eligible individuals with significant disabilities in finding employment. VR can and does support business development, vocational training, and college education. VR offices are found in communities across every U.S. state and territory. Access to VR can also be obtained through local One-Stop Centers (see Workforce Investment Act).
Workforce Investment Act (WIA): This federal act created One-Stop Centers (also known as Workforce Development Centers) across the United States to serve all people seeking employment. VR and other disability organizations are collaborators in WIA, and it is another source of technical assistance and potential funding for wage jobs and self-employment.
Many people begin their working lives as teenagers. Delivering newspapers, mowing lawns, milking cows, preparing fast-food, washing cars, and babysitting exemplify the diversity of jobs traditionally assigned to youth to build character and a strong work ethic. Unfortunately, for most students with significant disabilities, this natural part of learning real-life skills and lessons, acculturating, and growing a work ethic is missing. Various legislation and legal decisions hold the potential for and promise of equal access to careers and substantive employment: the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (PL 94-142); followed by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1990 (PL 101-476); and — supporting people with disabilities into adulthood — the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (PL 93-112), the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 (PL 105-220), the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 (PL 101-336), and the Olmstead v. LC (1999) decision from the Supreme Court (Wehman, 2001). Still, most transition-age youth with significant disabilities graduate without paying jobs, and most adults with significant disabilities remain unemployed or severely underemployed throughout their lifetimes (U.S. Census Bureau, 2001). During the 1990s, a decade that witnessed one of the strongest economies in U.S. history, enrollments for sheltered workshops increased, and the number of special education students graduating into paid jobs remained agonizingly low (Butterworth, Gilmore, Kiernan, & Schalock, 1999; McGaughey, Kiernan, McNally, Gilmore, & Keith, 1994; Wehman, 2001).
This same time period witnessed the success of supported employment techniques, with more than
Appendix A: Blank Forms
Appendix B: Internet Resources
Posted January 17, 2004
As a benefits analyst, this book is an invaluable aide for me in developing business plans and corresponding Plans for Achieving Self Support. Dave and Cary take a very complex subject and reduce it to its most simple components. Chapter 6 in particular clearly identifies the complex relationship between PASS plans and business plans. The section in Chapter six on 'two sets of books', alone is more than worth the price of the book. Thank you David and Cary - outstanding effort-someone had to do it - you did!!!!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.