Making Sense of Language: Readings in Culture and Communication / Edition 1

Making Sense of Language: Readings in Culture and Communication / Edition 1

by Susan D Blum
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195336380

ISBN-13: 9780195336382

Pub. Date: 11/07/2008

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Most of us use language without giving much thought to the way it works or how it functions differently across cultures; however, the ability to use language is perhaps the most uniquely human of all our characteristics.

Each of the forty-five readings in Making Sense of Language: Readings in Culture and Communication acts as a window--a particular

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Overview


Most of us use language without giving much thought to the way it works or how it functions differently across cultures; however, the ability to use language is perhaps the most uniquely human of all our characteristics.

Each of the forty-five readings in Making Sense of Language: Readings in Culture and Communication acts as a window--a particular perspective--on language. Chosen for their accessibility, these classic and contemporary selections engage students in thinking about language and how it relates to many aspects of being human.

*A broad range of topics and viewpoints provides the ideal introduction to the study of language and presents instructors with a variety of options for teaching from the text.

*Introductions to each part, thematic unit, and reading offer succinct historical and intellectual context to guide students and help them make connections among the topics and articles.

*Pre- and post-reading questions, suggested activities, lists of key terms, suggested further readings, and a glossary aid students' understanding of the material.

*Alongside canonical works, the volume includes selections on exciting contemporary topics--hip-hop, gossip, and the language of nerds, for example--that are familiar and accessible to students.

About the Editor

Susan Blum is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Notre Dame. She is a cultural and linguistic anthropologist whose research has examined an array of issues in China and the United States.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195336382
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
11/07/2008
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
504
Sales rank:
317,980
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface Introduction
PART I--THE NATURE OF LANGUAGE
Unit 1: What Is Language
1. Robbins Burling, "Smiles, Winks, and Words"
2. Charles Hockett, "The Origin of Speech"
3. Ferdinand de Saussure, "Nature of the Linguistic Sign"
4. Steven Pinker, "How Language Works"
5. William C. Stokoe, "Signing and Speaking: Competitors, Alternatives, or Incompatibles?"
6. Robin Dunbar, "Why Gossip is Good for You"
7. Walter J. Ong, "The Orality of Language"
8. Brian V. Street and Niko Besnier, "Aspects of Literacy"
Unit 2: Language and Thought
9. Benjamin Lee Whorf, "The Relation of Habitual Thought and Behavior to Language"
10. Dorothy Lee, "Codifications of Reality: Lineal and Nonlineal"
11. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, "Metaphors We Live By"
12. Stephen C. Levinson, "Language and Mind: Let's Get the Issues Straight!"
PART II--LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY
Unit 3: Multilingualism
*Societal Multilingualism
13. Tom McArthur, "Chinese, English, Spanish - and the Rest: How do the World's very large languages operate within its 'communicative ecology'?"
14. Rajmund Ohly, "Triglossia: African Privilege or Necessity?"
15. Edwin L. Battistella, "Bad Language: Bad Citizens"
*Individual Multilingualism
16. David Antal, "A Linguistic Odyssey: One Family's Experience with Language Shift and Cultural Identity in Germany and France"
17. Ana Celia Zentella, "Bilingualism en casa"
18. John J. Gumperz, "Conversational Code Switching"
19. Beth Simon, "Language Choice, Religion, and Identity in the Banarsi Community"
*Language Endangerment and Revitalization
20. John H. McWhorter, "Most of the World's Languages Went Extinct"
21. Lindsay J. Whaley, "The Future of Native Languages"
22. Leanne Hinton, "Language Loss and Revitalization in California: Overview"
Unit 4: Language and Identity
*Region and Class
23. Dennis R. Preston, "They Speak Really Bad English Down South and in New York City"
24. William Labov, "Social Stratification of (r) in New York City Department Stores"
25. Deborah Tannen, "New York Jewish Conversational Style"
*"Race" and Ethnicity
26. John R. Rickford, "Suite for Ebony and Phonics"
27. Marcyliena Morgan, "'Nuthin' but a G Thang': Grammar and Language Ideology in Hip Hop Identity"
28. Mary Bucholtz, "The Whiteness of Nerds: Superstandard English and Racial Markedness"
29. Rusty Barrett, "Language Ideology and Racial Inequality: Competing Functions of Spanish in an Anglo-Owned Mexican Restaurant"
*Gender
30. William M. O'Barr and Bowman K. Atkins, "'Women's Language' or 'Powerless Language'?"
31. Janet Holmes, "Women Talk Too Much"
32. Scott Fabius Kiesling, "Power and the Language of Men"
33. Deborah Cameron, "Performing Gender Identity: Young Men's Talk and the Construction of Heterosexual Masculinity"
34. Elinor Keenan (Ochs), "Norm-Makers, Norm-Breakers: Uses of Speech by Men and Women in a Malagasy Community"
PART III--LANGUAGE AS SOCIAL ACTION
Unit 5: Discourse, Performance and Ritual
35. J. L. Austin, "How to Do Things with Words"
36. Joel Sherzer, "Kuna Curing and Magic: Counseling the Spirits"
37. Susan D. Blum, "Naming Practices and the Power of Words in China"
38. Cheryl Wharry, "Amen and Hallelujah Preaching: Discourse Functions in African American Sermons"
39. Yanrong Chang, "Courtroom Questioning as a Culturally Situated Persuasive Genre of Talk"
40. Daniel Miller and Don Slater, "Relationships"
Unit 6: Language Ideology
41. Don Kulick, "Anger, Gender, Language Shift, and the Politics of Revelation in a Papua New Guinean Village"
42. Rosina Lippi-Green, "Accent, Standard Language Ideology, and Discriminatory Pretext in the Courts"
43. Laura Polich, "Orality: Another Language Ideology"
44. Richard Bauman, "Let Your Words Be Few: Speaking and Silence in Quaker Ideology"
45. Keith Basso, "'To Give Up on Words': Silence in Western Apache Culture"
Glossary Index

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