Males, Females, and Behavior: Toward Biological Understanding

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In nine chapters, contributors explore how genetic, hormonal, and neurological factors affect the behavior of males and females within complex environmental settings. Based on the latest research, the essays theorize about the causes of variation in sex differences in behavior and related phenomena. Sex differences in behavior are examined as a cross-species phenomenon and as having numerous biological as well as environmental determinants.

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Editorial Reviews

Expanded versions of 13 presentations to a meeting in Minot, North Dakota (no date noted) on the biological basis of sexual orientation and sex-typical behavior. Combining studies of humans and laboratory work with animal models, they cover genetic and perinatal influences on differences in behavior between males and females, neurological manifestations of perinatal sexual differentiation, and neuro-cognitive aspects of the behavior differences. Among the interesting findings reported is that girls who are masculine and boys who are feminine tend to do better on merit tests. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275959418
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/30/1998
  • Pages: 346
  • Lexile: 1410L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Meet the Author

LEE ELLIS is Professor of Sociology at Minot State University.

LINDA EBERTZ assisted Lee Ellis in organizing the 1995 International Behavioral Development Symposium upon which this book is based.

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Sexual Development - Nature's Substrate for Nurture's Influence
Pt. I Genetic and Perinatal Influences on Male/Female Differences in Behavior
1 Some Genetic Aspects of Human Sexual Behavior 3
2 Sex Hormonal Modulation of Neural Development in Vitro: Implications for Brain Sex Differentiation 13
3 Evidence from Opposite-Sex Twins for the Effects of Prenatal Sex Hormones 27
4 Effects of Perinatal and Puberal Steroid Imprinting on Sexual Behavior of Adult Rats 59
Pt. II Neurological Manifestations of Perinatal Sexual Differentiation
5 Organizational and Activational Effects of Dopamine on Male Sexual Behavior 79
6 Gender-Specific Alterations in Adult Sexual Behavior and Brain Neurotransmitters Following Prenatal Morphine Exposure 97
7 The Involvement of Neonatal 5HT Receptor-Mediated Effects on Sexual Dimorphism of Adult Behavior in the Rat 109
8 Developmental Significance of the Postnatal Testosterone "Surge" in Male Primates 129
9 Sex Differences in the Organization of Behavior Patterns: Endpoint Measures Do Not Tell the Whole Story 147
Pt. III Neuro-Cognitive Aspects of Male/Female Differences in Behavior
10 Cerebral Asymmetry and Cognitive Performance Show Complementary Fluctuations across the Menstrual Cycle 165
11 Gender-Related Individual Differences and National Merit Test Performance: Girls Who Are "Masculine" and Boys Who Are "Feminine" Tend to Do Better 177
12 Gender Differences in Bereavement Response and Longevity: Findings from the California State University Twin Loss Study 195
13 Applying the Interpersonal Circle and Evolutionary Theory to Gender Differences in Psychopathological Traits 213
References 241
Name Index 293
Subject Index 311
About the Editors and Contributors 319
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