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The Management Bible is the most comprehensive book on the topic of management available anywhere. It offers in-depth coverage of the entire range of essential topics for today’s managers and supervisors—from beginners to seasoned veterans—and includes practical, effective solutions for the everyday problems every manager faces. In addition, the book also includes proven tips and tactics that help managers grow into more effective, efficient leaders. Authors Bob Nelson and Peter Economy reveal everything you need...
The Management Bible is the most comprehensive book on the topic of management available anywhere. It offers in-depth coverage of the entire range of essential topics for today’s managers and supervisors—from beginners to seasoned veterans—and includes practical, effective solutions for the everyday problems every manager faces. In addition, the book also includes proven tips and tactics that help managers grow into more effective, efficient leaders. Authors Bob Nelson and Peter Economy reveal everything you need to know to keep up with today’s rapidly changing business environment, including such topics as hiring and firing, motivating employees, development and coaching, delegating authority, communication and teamwork, and much more.
IT'S A NEW WORLD OUT THERE ...
Functions and ...
How they allow managers to get things done through others.
The classic functions of management.
Energizing employees and unleashing their potential.
Your employees need your support.
Communication makes the world go 'round.
WHAT MANAGERS ARE SUPPOSED TO DO
One of the first questions new managers ask-even if only themselves-is: What am I supposed to do now?
Traditionally, when new managers are provided with an answer to this question (often they aren't; they are simply hired or promoted to manager with no training or direction whatsoever), the answer has been the four classic functions of management that you may have learned in school-planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
Planning: Running an organization is kind of like steering a ship on the ocean; to get where you want to go, you've got to have a plan-a map-that tells you where you're headed. It's the job of managers to develop the plans that determine the goals an organization will pursue, the products and services it will provide, how it will manufacture and deliver them, to whom, and at what price. These plans include creating an organizational vision and mission and specific tactics for achieving the organization's goals.
Organizing: Aftermanagers develop their plans, they have to build an organization that can put these plans into effect. Managers do this by designing organizational structures to execute their plans (often building elaborate organizational charts that divide an organization into divisions, departments, and other parts and designate the people who reside in each position) and by developing systems and processes to direct the allocation of human, financial, and other resources. Leading: Managers are expected to lead their employees, that is, to motivate them to achieve the organization's goals-quickly and efficiently. Leadership is considered by many to be the most important ingredient for a manager's success. Great leaders can make great things happen, inspiring their employees to do extraordinary things and accomplish extraordinary goals. Controlling: To accomplish their goals and the goals of the organization, managers must establish performance standards based on the organization's goals and objectives, measure and report actual performance, compare the two, and take corrective or preventive action as necessary.
While these classic functions are still valid, they do not tell the entire story. Managers and workers are entering into a new kind of partnership that is forming the basis of a new reality in the workplace. Today's managers are discovering that they cannot command an employee's best work; they can, however, create an environment that encourages employees to want to do their best work. And workers are discovering that, if they expect to survive the constant waves of change sweeping across businesses of all types, they have to find ways to contribute in their organizations in ways that they have never before been called on to do.
The new functions of management that tap into the potential of all employees are:
Energize: Today's managers are masters of making things happen. The best managers create far more energy than they consume. Successful managers create compelling visions-visions that inspire employees to bring out their very best performance-and they encourage their employees to act on these visions.
Empower: Empowering employees doesn't mean that you stop managing. Empowering employees means giving them the tools and the authority to do great work. Effective management is the leveraging of the efforts of your team to a common purpose. When you let your employees do their jobs, you unleash their creativity and commitment.
Support: Today's managers need to be coaches, counselors, and colleagues instead of watchdogs or executioners. The key to developing a supportive environment is the establishment of a climate of open communication throughout the organization. Employees must be able to express their concerns-truthfully and completely-without fear of retribution. Similarly, employees must be able to make honest mistakes and be encouraged to learn from those mistakes.
Communicate: Communication is the lifeblood of every organization. Information is power, and, as the speed of business continues to accelerate, information-the right information-must be communicated to employees faster than ever. Constant change and increasing turbulence in the business environment necessitate more communication, not less-information that helps employees better do their jobs, information on changes that can impact their jobs, and information on opportunities and needs within the organization.
Master these new functions of management, and you'll find that your employees will respond with increased engagement in their work, improved morale and loyalty, and enhanced productivity. The result is better products and services, happier customers, and a more favorable bottom line. Aren't these all things that you would like to see?
Wouldn't it be great if you could get the very best from your employees each and every day? Well, we have some good news for you: You can get the very best from your employees every day of the week. But you can't do it by mandating that your employees give their very best from this day forward, with the occasional pep rally or morale-building meeting, or by threats or coercion. The secret to making this happen is energizing your employees-unleashing the passion and talent that resides deep within them.
What can managers do to help unleash the passion and talent in their employees, in short, to energize them? Here are some suggestions:
Develop a clear vision for where you want the organization to go, and then be sure to communicate the vision widely and often.
Ask for and listen to your employees' ideas and suggestions, and, whenever possible, engage them in the process of implementing those ideas and suggestions.
Be sensitive to your employees' needs at work, and ensure that the work environment is conducive to your employees doing their best work.
Don't be a prisoner to your office; be sure to regularly visit the people who work for you on their turf and to encourage and inspire them.
Be honest and truthful with your employees at all times; don't sugarcoat the truth in an attempt to soften the blow of difficult news.
When you make a promise, be sure to keep it. At the same time, be sure that you don't make promises that you can't keep.
What are you doing to energize your employees? Do you really know what your employees want? Are you responding to your employees' needs, or are you putting them on the back burner-either deferring these decisions until later or hoping they go away altogether? Remember, employees are your most important resource-a resource that is much more productive when it is energized.
The best (and the most effective) managers realize that they can get far more done-and get it done better, faster, and more cost effectively-by assigning their employees responsibility for accomplishing important tasks and goals, while providing them with the authority that they need to carry out those tasks and goals. It's not enough to assign a goal-employees must also be empowered to accomplish it. Here are some simple approaches to empowering your employees:
Put power in the hands of the people doing the work. The employees closest to customers are in the best position to know what customers really need and, therefore, are in the best position to make decisions that have a direct impact on their customers.
Encourage individual responsibility for their contributions. The flip side of putting power in the hands of the people doing the work is requiring employees to take responsibility for the quality of their work. When employees are trusted to play an active role in their organization's leadership, they'll naturally respond by taking a personal interest in the quality of their work.
Create clarity of roles. Before employees can be comfortable and effectively share leadership duties with others, they first have to be given clearly defined roles so that they know exactly what they are responsible for, as well as what others are responsible for.
Share and rotate leadership. By moving people in and out of positions of leadership-depending on their particular talents and interests-you can tap the leadership potential that resides within every employee, particularly those employees who aren't a part of the organization's formal leadership hierarchy.
Seek consensus (and build creative systems that favor consensus). One of the best ways to involve others in the leadership process is to invite them to play a real and important role in the discussions and debates that lead to making important organizational decisions. Seeking consensus requires time and a high level of participation and trust, and it results in better decisions that are more easily implemented.
While it's important to empower your employees-to give them responsibility to accomplish specific organizational tasks and goals along with the authority they need to accomplish them-it's not enough to simply make such assignments and then walk away. The best managers support their employees and act as continuing resources to help guide them on their way. If you don't provide your employees with the support they need, they may decide you don't care-lowering their trust and respect for you-and they may very well engage in activities that are counterproductive to what the organization hopes to achieve.
Here are a number of ways that you can and should support your employees:
Have frequent, personal contact with each of your employees. Your employees won't feel that they have your support if you don't interact with them on a frequent basis. Some employees need more interaction than others, so it's your job to determine how much to provide, to whom, and how often.
Recognize the true potential of your employees. Take time to assess and help further develop your employees' skills and interests, hopes, and dreams while correcting any shortfalls that they may have. Help employees plan pathways to success within the organization, giving them personal goals that they can strive for.
Act on employee ideas and suggestions. It's one thing to ask employees for their ideas and suggestions; it's another thing altogether to put those ideas and suggestions to use in your organization. Doing so not only can make your organization more effective, but also clearly demonstrates your support to your employees-a message that they will hear loud and clear.
Take time to ask employees what they really think about their jobs and about the leadership they receive from you and other managers. Learning that employees are unhappy in their jobs or with their management team is of little use after an employee quits to take a job with another employer. It is critically important to get candid feedback from employees about their jobs and then to act on it whenever it is in the best interests of the organization.
Respect your employees, and treat them as valuable members of your team. Employees know when you don't respect them or consider their opinions to be of value to the organization, and they will act accordingly when confronted with that realization-becoming demoralized, lowering their productivity, and perhaps even working against the goals of their employer.
Involve employees in making decisions that directly affect them. While not every decision should involve every employee, you'll get far better buy-in and engagement when you give employees the opportunity to have an impact on decisions that directly affect them-improving the ultimate result and your bottom line.
Studies show that the one person who has the most inf luence on an employee is his or her boss. One of the main reasons talented employees leave organizations is that they feel they are not being supported by their managers. Don't allow this to become the reason that talented employees decide to leave your organization.
COMMUNICATING WITH EMPLOYEES
If there's one place where a great number of managers fail, it's in the area of communication. They don't set up effective communications systems and processes in their organizations; they don't encourage (or demand) their employees to communicate better with one another; and they themselves are ineffective communicators. But, in today's business-at-the-speed-of-light environment, good communication is not just something nice to have-it is absolutely essential.
Are you an effective communicator within your organization? Here are some ways to improve your communications:
Regularly inform management of your employees' real feelings, opinions, and ideas about important organizational issues. Managers must have the best information possible when making decisions-flawed information often results in flawed decisions. This means communicating the real feelings, opinions, and ideas of your employees to your own managers-providing them with information that is not colored by your own biases.
Involve all of your employees in the decision-making process. While it may be easier for managers to make decisions themselves-particularly decisions that have the greatest impact on an organization-better decisions often result when you involve all of your employees in the process. Ask for their input and use as much of it as you can.
Avoid blaming others when you have to give bad news to your employees. How many times have you heard a manager say something like, "I fought against this new policy, but it was out of my hands," only to later find out that he or she really didn't fight the decision but simply went along with it? It happens all the time. Instead of passing the buck, managers should be brave enough to honestly make their own views known-even if they just go along with what their managers decide.
When dealing with a difficult situation, have a face-to-face discussion instead of sending a memo or e-mail message or leaving a voice mail message. Sending someone a written note or message or leaving a voice mail message is a far less personal way of communicating than simply speaking with someone face to face, and it often results in misunderstandings on the part of the person who receives the message. In difficult situations, face-to-face communication requires courage on the part of the manager, but it will result in better communication.
Do not let your own opinions and points of view interfere with hearing what someone else is saying. It's natural for managers to allow their opinions about others-the way they speak, look, or dress, or their reputation in the organization-to create biases that get in the way of communication. While it's easier said than done (but no less important), it is important for managers to neutralize such biases and to be completely open to what their employees say.
Go out of your way to make employees comfortable in approaching and speaking with you. It may be difficult for employees-especially low-status employees-to build up the courage to approach their bosses, much less to tell them what's really on their minds. Make a point of encouraging your employees to approach you with their ideas, issues, and problems, and reward them by thanking them when they do.
Do not spend too much-or too little-time worrying about your organization's rumor mill. Every organization has both formal and informal communication systems. The rumor mill or grapevine, as it is sometimes called, is an important way for employees to communicate informally within organizations. As such, the rumor mill contains valuable information for managers, as well as no small amount of distorted or false information. Managers can keep their finger on the pulse of the organization by monitoring the rumor mill and should make a point of correcting false or distorted information whenever it is detected.
Excerpted from The Management Bible by Bob Nelson Excerpted by permission.
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PART I: The Art and Science of Management.
CHAPTER 1. What Managers Do.
CHAPTER 2. The Challenge of Change.
PART II: Leadership: The People Thing.
CHAPTER 3. Hiring and Retaining the Very Best People.
CHAPTER 4. Motivating Employees.
CHAPTER 5. Coaching and Development.
CHAPTER 6. Mentoring Employees.
Part III: Execution: Getting the Job Done.
CHAPTER 7. Setting Goals.
CHAPTER 8. Using Delegation to Your Advantage.
CHAPTER 9. Monitoring Employee Performance.
CHAPTER 10. Building Employee Accountability.
PART IV: Building High-Performance Organizations.
CHAPTER 11. Improving Communication.
CHAPTER 12. Working with Teams.
CHAPTER 13. Making Meetings More Effective.
PART V: Management Challenges.
CHAPTER 14. Discipline and Corrective Action.
CHAPTER 15. Terminating Employees.
CHAPTER 16. Ethics and Office Politics.