Management of Hazardous Agents: Volume 2: Social, Political, and Policy Aspects

Overview

This book, along with its companion volume, discusses the research needs, institutional modifications, and legislative changes that must be addressed to deal more effectively with the risks of hazardous materials. Prominent among the research needs is the necessity to assess the health effects of low-level exposure to toxicants. For none of these agents (lead, mercury, radiation, PCDDs, dioxins, PCBs, pesticides) is the existing toxicological data sufficient to define unambiguously the dose-effect relationship in...

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Overview

This book, along with its companion volume, discusses the research needs, institutional modifications, and legislative changes that must be addressed to deal more effectively with the risks of hazardous materials. Prominent among the research needs is the necessity to assess the health effects of low-level exposure to toxicants. For none of these agents (lead, mercury, radiation, PCDDs, dioxins, PCBs, pesticides) is the existing toxicological data sufficient to define unambiguously the dose-effect relationship in the low-dose domain. Another uncertainty is our ignorance of how individuals within the human population may vary in susceptibility to the agents because of differences in genetic background, age, sex, diet, health status and exposure to extraneous environmental influences. Also identified among the research needs are methods for improving the technology of waste disposal, waste reduction, and waste recycling.

Institutional changes necessary are the commitment to long-term, pro-active, prevention-oriented objectives; institutional mechanisms to achieve better consistency and coordination among different agencies; improvement in the reliability, credibility, and effectiveness with which institutions communicate risk-assessments and risk-management policies; and provision for more adequate education and training of all who must be involved. Finally, the need for certain legislative changes is considered, including better use of incentives, such as taxation and price support mechanisms; better use of enforcement provisions; statutes that address cross-media patterns of human exposure; and greater federal-state-local coordination in risk-assessment and risk-management activities.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275943233
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/31/1992
  • Series: Only One Earth Series
  • Pages: 202
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

DUANE G. LeVINE is Manager of Science and Strategy Development, Environment and Safety, Exxon Corporation.

ARTHUR C. UPTON, M.D., is a Professor of Environmental Medicine and Director of the Institute of Environmental Medicine at New York University School of Medicine.

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Maurice F. Strong

Preface by Ruth A. Eblen and William R. Eblen

Introduction by Duane G. LeVine and Arthur C. Upton

Research, Institutional, and Legislative Changes for Dealing with Hazardous Materials

Toxics Integration: Evaluating Policies and Statutory Problems Affecting Cross-Media Pollution Control by Leslie S. Ritts

The Role of Business and Industry in Managing Hazardous Substances by Fred Hoerger

Public Policy Implications of Possible Adverse Health Effects From Electric and Magnetic Fields by Gordon L. Hester

Risk Communication About Hazardous Materials

Informing People About Risks from Chemicals, Radiation, and Other Toxic Substances: A Review of Obstacles to Public Understanding and Effective Risk Communication by Vincent T. Covello

Some Implications of Public Perceptions of Hazardous Materials by Robin Gregory

Differing Views of Risk: The Challenge for Decisionmakers in a Democracy by Frederick W. Allen

Five Case Studies in Risk Communication: Lessons and Recommendations from the Project on Improving Risk Communication by Alonzo Plough

Social Impacts of Incinerating Hazardous Materials: Communicating Risk in a New Domain by John R. Ehrenfeld

Involvement of the Different Publics in the Risk Dialogue: Role of Private Institutions and Citizen Groups in Controlling Health Hazards

The Role of Private Institutions and Citizen Groups in Controlling Health Hazards by Joyce Kathan

Practical Lessons in Risk Communication at the Community Level by Maria Pavlova

The Role of Private Institutions in Controlling the Health Hazards of Ionizing Radiation by Warren K. Sinclair

Conclusion by Duane G. LeVine and Arthur C.Upton

Bibliography

Index

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