Management Of Hazardous Agents

Overview

This book, along with its companion volume, discusses the research needs, institutional modifications, and legislative changes that must be addressed to deal more effectively with the risks of hazardous materials. Prominent among the research needs is the necessity to assess the health effects of low-level exposure to toxicants. For none of these agents (lead, mercury, radiation, PCDDs, dioxins, PCBs, pesticides) is the existing toxicological data sufficient to define unambiguously the dose-effect relationship in...

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Overview

This book, along with its companion volume, discusses the research needs, institutional modifications, and legislative changes that must be addressed to deal more effectively with the risks of hazardous materials. Prominent among the research needs is the necessity to assess the health effects of low-level exposure to toxicants. For none of these agents (lead, mercury, radiation, PCDDs, dioxins, PCBs, pesticides) is the existing toxicological data sufficient to define unambiguously the dose-effect relationship in the low-dose domain. Another uncertainty is our ignorance of how individuals within the human population may vary in susceptibility to the agents because of differences in genetic background, age, sex, diet, health status, and exposure to extraneous environmental influences. Also identified among the research needs are methods for improving the technology of waste disposal, waste reduction, and waste recycling.

Institutional changes necessary are the commitment to long-term, pro-active, prevention-oriented objectives; institutional mechanisms to achieve better consistency and coordination among different agencies; improvement in the reliability, credibility, and effectiveness with which institutions communicate risk-assessments and risk-management policies; and provision for more adequate education and training of all who must be involved. Finally, the need for certain legislative changes is considered, including better use of incentives, such as taxation and price support mechanisms; better use of enforcement provisions; statutes that address cross-media patterns of human exposure; and greater federal-state-local coordination in risk-assessment and risk-management activities.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275943226
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/13/1992
  • Series: Only One Earth Series
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Duane G. LeVine is Manager of Science and Strategy Development, Environment and Safety, Exxon Corporation.

Arthur C. Upton, M.D., is a Professor of Environmental Medicine and Director of the Institute of Environmental Medicine at New York University School of Medicine.

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Maurice F. Strong

Preface by Ruth A. and William R. Eblen

Introduction by Duane G. LeVine and Arthur C. Upton

Heavy Metals

Assessment of the Health Hazards of Lead by Philip J. Landrigan

Regulatory Approaches to the Setting of Environmental Standards for Lead by Linda J. Fisher

Assessment of the Health Hazards of Mercury by Thomas W. Clarkson

Radiation

Assessment of the Health Hazards of Radiation by Seymour Jablon

Industrial Approaches to the Limiting of Human Exposure to Radiation by Robert J. Catlin

Regulatory Approaches to the Setting of Exposure Standards for, and for the Control of, Health Hazards from Nuclear Radiation by Harold R. Denton

PCBs, Dioxins, and Related Materials

Health Hazards from Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins (PCDDs) by Renate D. Kimbrough

An Update on PCB Scientific Information and a Rationale for a New Approach to PCB Regulations by Stephen B. Hamilton, Jr.

Pesticides

Pesticides: Risks/Benefits by Christopher F. Wilkinson

Epidemiological Assessment of the Health Hazards of Pesticides by Walter Rogan

Regulatory Approaches to the Control of Health and Environmental Hazards from Pesticides and Toxic Substances by John A. Moore and Jane Hopkins

Summary

The Assessment of Ecological Impacts of Hazardous Materials by Ralph K. Markarian

Conclusion by Duane G. LeVine and Arthur C. Upton

Bibliography

Index

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