Managing the Plutonium Surplus: Applications and Technical Options / Edition 1by Richard L. Garwin
Pub. Date: 09/05/2007
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Superpower arms reduction, nuclear reprocessing and the abandonment or deferral of plans for fast breeder reactions have combined to produce a worldwide surplus of highly enriched uranium and plutonium. Both materials pose security and safety problems, and plutonium poses particular dilemmas for disposal or other ways of consuming the surplus. But new studies and… See more details below
Superpower arms reduction, nuclear reprocessing and the abandonment or deferral of plans for fast breeder reactions have combined to produce a worldwide surplus of highly enriched uranium and plutonium. Both materials pose security and safety problems, and plutonium poses particular dilemmas for disposal or other ways of consuming the surplus. But new studies and technical developments have opened up new possibilities for managing the plutonium surplus.
To highlight the issues raised and to assess these options, the Royal Institute of International Affairs hosted a NATO sponsored Advanced Research Workshop to examine technical aspects of the worldwide surplus of separated plutonium. These proceedings examine the state of knowledge about the amount, form, location and characteristics of separated plutonium, and the many and varied proposals for disposing of or consuming the surplus. With a total of 24 papers and commentaries from leading experts in a dozen countries, it provides an unprecedented overview of the state of research on ways of dealing with one of today's most pressing security problems, and the potential implications for nuclear energy strategies.
Table of Contents
Preface. 1. Technical Interpretation; R.L. Garwin. 2. Explosive Properties of Various Types of Plutonium; R.L. Garwin. 3. Explosive Properties of Various Types of Plutonium; P. Jones. 4. World Inventories of Plutonium; W. Walker. 5. Problems of Russian Plutonium Utilization; E.I. Mikerin, E.G. Kudryavtsev. 6. World Inventories of Civil Plutonium; N. Oi, J. Finucane. 7. Direct Disposal Options for Separated Plutonium; J. Swahn. 8. Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium; M. Bunn. 9. The Use of Weapon and Reactor Plutonium in WWER and BN Type Reactors; V.M. Murogov, V.S. Kagramanian, N.S. Rabotnov. 10. Pu Utilisation: Recycling in PWRs and Fast Neutron Reactor Perspective; M. Salvatores. 11. Use of MOX (R-Pu and W-Pu) Fuel in VVER-1000; A.N. Novikov, V.V. Saprykin, A.A. Suslov, A.P. Lazarenko. 12. Disposition of Plutonium from Nuclear Weapons; E.R. Merz. 13. Recycling Warhead Plutonium in Light Water Reactors: the Civil Nuclear Industry can Help; P. Verbeek. 14. Energy over the Centuries: the IFR Options; C.E. Till. 15. Energy over the Centuries: the IFR Options; S. Takeda. 16. Energy from Nuclear Power in the Very Long Term: U-238 and TH-232; M. Grubb. 17. Weapons and Commercial Plutonium Ultimate Disposition Choices Destroy 'Completely' or Store 'Forever'; C.D. Bowman. 18. Burning Actinides and Long-Lived Fission Products; A. Suzuki. 19. Plutonium: Secondary Raw Material or Raw Waste? E.V. Gai, N.S. Rabotnov. 20. Plutonium and its Chemical Compounds: the Problem of Nuclear Weapon Non-Proliferation; V.N. Ptitsyna, I.V. Chitaikin, I.L. Shibarshov. 21. Effects of Transmuting Long-Lived Radionuclines on Waste Disposal in a Geological Repository; Jor-Shan Choi, T.H. Pigford. 22. Environmental Impact and Constraints; R. Western. 23. Requirements for Plutonium Transportation, Storage and Accounting Systems; E.I. Mikerin. 24. Security/Safeguard Costs: General Points; R. Howsley. Appendix. Index.
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