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From The CriticsReviewer: Margaret A. Haroth, MS (Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing)
Description: This book provides up-to-date information on basic to advanced principles of intravenous therapy. Therefore, it has wide appeal not only for nurses who specialize in intravenous therapy but also for generalist nurses as well. Since the publication of the previous edition in 2001, many changes in intravenous therapy practices have occurred. These changes have a major impact on current nursing practice and are clearly highlighted throughout the book.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a comprehensive reference for nurses as well as nursing students on the subject of intravenous therapy. The author achieves the overall purpose of the book through coverage of a wide range of topics, including risk management, infection control, fluid and electrolyte function, basic to advanced infusion practices, administration of intravenous medication, transfusion therapy, antineoplastic therapy, and total parenteral nutrition. The information has relevance for nurses and nursing students since intravenous therapy is becoming increasingly commonplace in a wide range of settings. Knowledge and skills of intravenous therapy are critical for the provision of safe, effective nursing care to any patient who is receiving this therapy.
Audience: The audience targeted by the author includes nurses and nursing students. Basic to advanced principles are included, which have appeal for the novice to advanced practice nurse as well as the generalist and specialist. Other audiences which would benefit from this manual include phlebotomists, emergency medical technicians, and other trained personnel who are learning or building knowledge and skills of intravenous therapy. The author is a credible authority as evidenced by her credentials as a nurse educator and infusion specialist. She also includes guidelines and criteria established by the Infusion Nurses Society, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Oncology Nursing Society to support her foundations of practice in this field.
Features: The manual is divided into three units which include foundations of practice, basics of infusion therapy, and advanced practice. The beginning chapters are focused on theoretical principles of intravenous therapy such as legal and ethical concerns, fluid and electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance. Application of the aforementioned principles are the focus of the second unit where types of parenteral solutions, equipment use, and techniques for developing phlebotomy and intravenous therapy skills are developed. In the third unit, the advanced practice section, the focus is on theory and application of principles related to administration of intravenous medication, central venous access, and special considerations in transfusion therapy, antineoplastic therapy, and parenteral nutritional therapy. The author begins each chapter with learning objectives, a glossary of terms, and an outline. She stresses key points related to the main subject matter through highlighting and summarization. She also includes information on home care infusion principles, patient education information, and related Web sites at the end of each chapter.
Assessment: Overall, this book is well-written and easy to use to extract pertinent information related to a specific area of nursing practice in intravenous therapeutics. It has wide appeal for many nurses and nursing students. Because the author approaches the subject from basic to advanced and/or simple to complex, the reader can set his or her own pace on acquiring knowledge and skill development. The new edition is justified. If one considers just the pharmacological, technological, and biochemical advances of recent years, the need for frequent review and revision of this manual is easily validated.