Overview

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908 Excerpt: ...upon ordinary paper, the most suitable for this purpose being made from unsized cotton rag, free from such additions as mechanical wood pulp. The presence of the latter substance should be avoided, as it is liable to char or burn, so that in the finished product it shows itself in the form of small holes. ...
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The Manufacture of Paper

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Overview

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908 Excerpt: ...upon ordinary paper, the most suitable for this purpose being made from unsized cotton rag, free from such additions as mechanical wood pulp. The presence of the latter substance should be avoided, as it is liable to char or burn, so that in the finished product it shows itself in the form of small holes. The process depends upon the power of sulphuric acid to change the surface of the paper into a gelatinous mass, which has been shown to consist of a substance called amyloid. The best parchment is made from pure cellulose such as rag or chemical wood pulp. The quality of the parchment depends upon attention to the strength of the acid, the temperature of the acid bath, the period of immersion, the complete removal of the acid, and the careful drying of the wet parchment. The acid is employed at a strength of 1-71 specific Fig. 43.--Apparatus for making Parchment Paper. gravity, being prepared by diluting the commercial concentrated acid in a leaden vessel, with a sufficient quantity of water. The parchment is generally prepared by passing a continuous sheet of paper through a bath of acid of the proper strength at a speed which ensures the correct period of immersion. As the treated paper leaves the bath it passes through squeezing rolls which remove the excess of acid, and the paper is then led through a series of tanks containing fresh water, the last traces of acid being neutralised by small additions of ammonia, or some alkali, to the last washing tank. The wet parchment is then passed through suitable rollers and carefully dried over cylinders heated internally by steam. The paper is kept perfectly stretched as it dries, because it shrinks enormously, and would otherwise become cockled and uneven. Thick sheets of parchment paper are frequently made by...
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Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940027007843
  • Publisher: A. Constable & co. ltd.
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Digitized from 1908 volume
  • File size: 432 KB

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