Manufacturing Confucianism: Chinese Traditions and Universal Civilization / Edition 1

Manufacturing Confucianism: Chinese Traditions and Universal Civilization / Edition 1

by Lionel M. Jensen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822320479

ISBN-13: 9780822320470

Pub. Date: 02/02/1998

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Could it be that the familiar and beloved figure of Confucius was invented by Jesuit priests? In Manufacturing Confucianism, Lionel M. Jensen reveals this very fact, demonstrating how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Western missionaries used translations of the ancient ru tradition to invent the presumably historical figure who has since been globally celebrated as

Overview

Could it be that the familiar and beloved figure of Confucius was invented by Jesuit priests? In Manufacturing Confucianism, Lionel M. Jensen reveals this very fact, demonstrating how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Western missionaries used translations of the ancient ru tradition to invent the presumably historical figure who has since been globally celebrated as philosopher, prophet, statesman, wise man, and saint.

Tracing the history of the Jesuits' invention of Confucius and of themselves as native defenders of Confucius's teaching, Jensen reconstructs the cultural consequences of the encounter between the West and China. For the West, a principal outcome of this encounter was the reconciliation of empirical investigation and theology on the eve of the scientific revolution. Jensen also explains how Chinese intellectuals in the early twentieth century fashioned a new cosmopolitan Chinese culture through reliance on the Jesuits' Confucius and Confucianism. Challenging both previous scholarship and widespread belief, Jensen uses European letters and memoirs, Christian histories and catechisms written in Chinese, translations and commentaries on the Sishu, and a Latin summary of Chinese culture known as the Confucius Sinarum Philosophus to argue that the national self-consciousness of Europe and China was bred from a cultural ecumenism wherein both were equal contributors.

Manufacturing Confucianism will have a major impact on studies of China, comparative literature, postcolonialism, and Asian religions. For its insights into the history of modern Chinese nationalism, this pathbreaking study will also engage readers interested in contemporary Chinese affairs.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822320470
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
02/02/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
472
Product dimensions:
6.07(w) x 9.29(h) x 1.38(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

FIGURES,
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS,
NOTE,
CHRONOLOGY,
INTRODUCTION: CONFUCIUS, KONGZI, AND THE MODERN IMAGINATION,
THE MAKING OF THE ICON CONFUCIUS,
THE NATIVE RESTORATION OF KONGZI: COMMERCE AND FETISHISM,
CONFUCIUS, CONFUCIANISM, AND THE POLITICS OF SCHOLARSHIP,
RU: STORIED TRUTH AND SYMBOLIC PLASTICITY,
IN DEFENSE OF A TITLE: THE MEANING OF "MANUFACTURE",
PART ONE: THE MANUFACTURE OF CONFUCIUS AND CONFUCIANISM,
CHAPTER 1: THE JESUITS, CONFUCIUS, AND THE CHINESE,
CHAPTER 2: THERE AND BACK AGAIN: THE JESUITS AND THEIR TEXTS IN CHINA AND EUROPE,
INTERLUDE: THE MEANING AND END OF CONFUCIANISM: A MEDITATION ON CONCEPTUAL DEPENDENCE,
PART TWO: MAKING SENSE OF RU AND MAKING UP KONGZI,
CHAPTER 3: ANCIENT TEXTS, MODERN NARRATIVES: NATIONALISM, ARCHAISM, AND THE REINVENTION OF RU,
CHAPTER 4: PARTICULAR IS UNIVERSAL: HU SHI, RU, AND THE CHINESE TRANSCENDENCE OF NATIONALISM,
EPILOGUE: AT CENTURY'S END—ECUMENICAL NATIVISM AND THE ECONOMY OF DELIGHT,
GLOSSARY,
NOTES,
BIBLIOGRAPHY,
INDEX,

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