Maps, Myths, and Men: The Story of the Vinland Map / Edition 1

Maps, Myths, and Men: The Story of the Vinland Map / Edition 1

by Kirsten Seaver
     
 

ISBN-10: 0804749639

ISBN-13: 9780804749633

Pub. Date: 06/28/2004

Publisher: Stanford University Press

The "Vinland Map" first surfaced on the antiquarian market in 1957 and its authenticity has been hotly debated ever since -- in controversies ranging from such issues as the anomalous composition of the ink and the map's lack of provenance to a plethora of historical and cartographical riddles. Maps, Myths, and Men is the first work to address the full range of this…  See more details below

Overview

The "Vinland Map" first surfaced on the antiquarian market in 1957 and its authenticity has been hotly debated ever since -- in controversies ranging from such issues as the anomalous composition of the ink and the map's lack of provenance to a plethora of historical and cartographical riddles. Maps, Myths, and Men is the first work to address the full range of this debate. Focusing closely on what the map in fact shows, the book contains a critique of the 1965 work The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation; scrutinizes the marketing strategies used in 1957; and covers many aspects of the map that demonstrate it's a modern fake, such as literary evidence and several scientific ink analyses performed between 1967 and 2002. The author explains a number of the riddles and provides evidence for both the identity of the mapmaker and the source of the parchment used, and she applies current knowledge of medieval Norse culture and exploration to counter widespread misinformation about Norse voyages to North America and about the Norse world picture.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780804749633
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
Publication date:
06/28/2004
Edition description:
1
Pages:
480
Sales rank:
762,091
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsxiii
Acknowledgmentsxv
Note to the Readerxxi
1.An American Place Named Vinland1
America and the Medieval Norse1
The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation2
The Vinland Map3
Sources for the Vinland Map8
Guaranteeing Authenticity13
Showing the Map to a Wider World16
Father Time and Daughter Truth17
2.The Norse in and near North America19
A Flawed Source of Information19
Who Were the Norse?21
Voyaging to New Lands23
Far North Was Far Away25
No Help from the Norse26
Eirik the Red, Mariner and Merchant28
Nordrseta: The Northern Hunting Grounds31
Norse Relations with Arctic Natives33
From Arctic Greenland to Arctic North America35
The Vinland Voyages36
L'Anse aux Meadows38
Grapes and Grain41
Abandoning Vinland42
Continued American Connections47
The Literary Aftermath53
Disputed American Destinations54
Sustaining Life in Norse Greenland59
Everyday Life63
How Cold Was It?64
Did Hard Times Become Harder in Greenland?66
Tusks, Tithes, and Other Troubles71
The Many Names of a Much Loved Child75
The Cod Wars Begin78
Did a New Beginning Become an End?80
3.The Black Hole of Provenance87
A Child of Unknown Parentage87
Early Misgivings About the "Private Collection"89
The Spanish Connection91
An English Sojourn93
The Map's Provenance No Clearer by 197496
A Muddied Pond98
A Companion to the Vinland Map Volume99
Where Did the Profits Go?105
4.Creating Matter from Wormholes108
The Joy of Discovery108
General Description of the Two Volumes110
Scrutiny by Experts113
Who Ordered the "Improvements"?116
The Bindings117
The Handwriting120
A Widening Inquiry122
Watermarks124
The Speculum Pastedowns and the Council of Basel129
Why the Council of Basel?135
Wormholes139
5.A Star Is Born144
The Vinland Map Reaches Yale144
The Big Secret145
The Big Names147
The Big Launch149
The Big Discussion152
Dissidents Need Not Apply157
The Cost of Public Stargazing158
6.Portrait of the Vinland Map164
A Map with No Equal164
Immediate Visual Appearance165
The Map Parchment and Its Flaws168
The Handwriting172
Delineacio prima pars ...173
The Wormholes on the Map177
European Medieval Ink182
The Vinland Map Ink Debate186
Modern Anatase198
7.The Vinland Map as a Cartographic Image205
A Flat Earth--or a Globe?205
Was Skelton a Reluctant Commentator?208
Many Cartographical Traditions--and None210
Adam of Bremen213
Inventio Fortunata219
The Influence of Claudius Ptolemaeus222
Claudius Clavus Niger226
Leading up to Circa 1440: The European View230
A Subtle Composite234
Northern Geographical Conventions236
Snorri Sturluson's Universe244
Ginnungagap and the Birth of a Cartographic Myth247
Navigating by the Vinland Map253
8.The Vinland Map as a Narrative256
The Roman Church at the "End of the World"256
A Haphazard Quest260
Luka Jelic262
The Land "Our Brothers" Saw264
The 1245-47 Carpini Visit to the Mongols267
Mounting Troubles271
Which Way to the Caspian Sea?273
Room for Prester John277
"A New Land"279
"Tartars, Mongols, Samoyeds, and Indians ..."282
Adding to the Vinland Myth284
Who "Discovered" Vinland?286
Missionary to the Samoyeds289
Further Ambiguities293
Searching for the Author295
9.The Vinland Map as a Human Creation297
Father Josef (Joseph) Fischer, S.J. (1858-1944)297
Scholarly Connections300
America's "Baptismal Certificate" and Its 1516 Sibling305
The Norse Discovery of America313
An Active Life325
Public Recognition337
Returning to the Norse338
A Moravian Castle Library343
Father Fischer's Choice353
Annus horribilis--1933354
Retirement358
Last Return to Wolfegg368
A Map Without a Home371
Notes377
Bibliography439
Index463

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