Marguerite Yourcenar; Inventing a Life / Edition 2

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Marguerite Yourcenar was born Marguerite de Crayencour in Brussels in 1903. She lost her mother at birth, her native Belgium at the age of six, and was forced to flee her adopted France at twelve. It is little wonder that Yourcenar, whose own early past receded so quickly into personal legend, would one day describe her writing as the "passionate reconstitution , at once detailed and free, of a moment or a man out of the past." One of the most respected writers in the French language, best known as the author of Memoirs of Hadrian and The Abyss, she was awarded countless literary honors, culminating with her election in 1980 to the Académie Française (she was the first woman ever to be so honored). As complex, erudite, and intriguing as her work, Yourcenar's life has resisted its own passionate reconstitution until now, in part because of the writer's deliberate elusiveness, even in her autobiographical trilogy.

Here, in its intricate and often contradictory detail, is Marguerite Yourcenar's story, one in which loss and learning intertwined almost from the first and in which love assumed a strangely paradoxical place. Drawing on letters, diaries, and interviews with Yourcenar's friends, colleagues, and lovers, Josyane Savigneau's biography paints an intimate portrait of an artist who lived according to her own, occasionally contrary, terms: a Frenchwoman ardently in love with her native tongue, yet who lived half her life in New England; an avid seductress of women, who spent nearly forty years with one woman, yet fell in love early and late in her life with two young men; a powerful female writer whose most memorable protagonists were male, from Alexis of her first novel to the later historical characters Hadrian and Zeno. Savigneau weaves these and other contraries of Yourcenar's life into a vibrant and engrossing pattern.

Editor of "Le Monde des Livres," the literary pages of France's most influential newspaper, Savigneau first met Marguerite Yourcenar on assignment in 1984. What began as a professional relationship gradually turned into a friendship. Her personal insights into that life enrich this exhaustively documented text. Following the lead set by Yourcenar in her memoir Dear Departed, the biographer found herself "searching for a truth that is multiple, unstable, evasive, sometimes saddening, and at first glance scandalous but that one cannot approach without often feeling for human beings in all their frailty a certain measure of kinship and, always, a sense of pity." Yourcenar's profound intelligence and sympathy, her foibles and obsessions, her accomplishments and trials: all are revealed here in an uncompromising portrait of an incomparable artist.

One of the most respected writers in the French language and best known as the author of Memoirs of Hadrian and The Abyss, Yourcenar received countless literary honors and became the first woman to be elected to the Academie Francaise. An uncompromising and intimate portrait. 50 halftones.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
One feels a bit like a voyeur reading this biography, not because of what it reveals about the first female member of the Academie and author of Memoirs of Hadrian , Fires and The Abyss , but rather for what it reveals about the land that gave us chauvinism. Born in 1903 in Brussels, Marguerite de Crayencour was raised by her good-hearted wastrel of a father who taught her, encouraged her to write and helped her devise her anagrammatic pen name (originally the genderless Marg Yourcenar). During her extensive travels, Yourcenar met Grace Frick, an American woman who became her companion for more than 40 years until Frick's death in 1979. Hoping to be with Frick and to escape the war in Europe, Yourcenar came to the U.S. in 1939 and continued to be based here until her death in 1987. There's the rub: Savigneau, editor of the book review section of Le Monde , simply cannot believe this practitioner par excellence of the French language would want to live in the U.S.--or, for that matter, with Frick. Savigneau does not present convincing evidence for the oft repeated thesis that Yourcenar, tough though she decidedly was, was bullied by Frick into staying in the U.S. This, combined with very little descriptive sensibility (Yourcenar's travels are reduced to a list of proper nouns) and even less original critical commentary about Yourcenar's work makes for a deeply unsatisfying portrait. (Oct.)
Alice Joyce
In a densely worded but thoroughly engrossing biography of this important French writer, Savigneau lifts the shroud of mystery Yourcenar so avidly cultivated to reveal a woman whose precocious intellect surfaced at an early age. And Savigneau delves into the autobiographical aspects of Yourcenar's work, examining the history of her relationships and complicated sexual proclivities (she made a habit of seducing women but more than once fell in love with a homosexual man). Yourcenar was an important literary figure in her homeland as well as in the U.S., where she lived for many years with her partner, Grace. The fact that Yourcenar chose to keep sealed many of her letters to Grace for a 50-year period after her death does not seem to have hampered the biographer's efforts. A fascinating, unconventional portrait of the first woman ever elected to France's Academie Francaise.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226735443
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/1993
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 527
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Translator's Foreword
Translator's Acknowledgments
Author's Acknowledgments
Part 1 - The Name Between the Name
1. The Child and the Maidservants
2. "I don't know whether I loved that tall gentleman or not"
3. Early Lessons
4. I, the Underground, Marguerite Yourcenar
Part 2 - "The Wanderings"
5. Nomadism of the Heart and of the Mind
6. The Impossible Passion
7. Grace and Coup de Grace
Part 3 - Memory Recaptured
8. The Dark Years
9. Banality's Temptation
10. The Rediscovery of Hadrian
11. Petite Plaisance
12. First Renown
13. Balance
Part 4 - Forks in the Road
14. Confinement Consented To
15. The Abyss and Its Attendant Clashes
16. Public Recognition
17. Yourcenar, Marguerite
18. The Silent Piano
Part 5 - The Nomadic Academician
19. Turning Back Time
20. The Slipups and the "Tale of Horror"
21. The Final Journey
1. Sonnet
2. "European Diagnosis"
3. "Which affords one certain fleeting glimpses"
4. "Self-Commentary"
5. The Memorial Service for Marguerite Yourcenar
Family Tree

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