Marie Curie (Greenwood Biographies)

Overview

Marie Curie (1867-1934) was one of the most important woman scientists in history, and she was one of the most influential scientists—man or woman—of the 20th century. Curie postulated that radiation was an atomic property, a discovery that has led to significant scientific developments since. She was also the first person to use the term radioactivity. Her perseverance led to the discovery of two new elements, polonium and radium. This combination of creativity and perseverance netted her two Nobel Prizes, one ...

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Overview

Marie Curie (1867-1934) was one of the most important woman scientists in history, and she was one of the most influential scientists—man or woman—of the 20th century. Curie postulated that radiation was an atomic property, a discovery that has led to significant scientific developments since. She was also the first person to use the term radioactivity. Her perseverance led to the discovery of two new elements, polonium and radium. This combination of creativity and perseverance netted her two Nobel Prizes, one in physics and the second in chemistry. This book, however, looks at more than her scientific achievements. While Curie is often portrayed as a stern, one-dimensional woman so totally committed to her science that she was incapable of complex emotions, the truth is that the opposite is the case.

Marie Curie: A Biography covers her entire lifetime, beginning with her early life and education in a Poland under the oppressive rule of the czar of Russia. The book discusses all aspects—both personal and scientific—of her fascinating life:

• Her education at the Sorbonne in Paris, where she earned the equivalent of two master's degrees—one in physics and a second in mathematics

• Her marriage to Pierre Curie, with whom she collaborated on much of her scientific work

• The personal scandal that surrounded Marie in the aftermath of Pierre's tragic death

• The Nobel Prize awards, and the detractors who believed that her work was actually performed by her husband

Curie's work in establishing mobile X-ray units during World War I, and the establishment of radium institutes to study radiation

Running throughout there is the much of the book is the tension between radium as a positive discovery and, on the other hand, the health risks that working with it presents. The book includes a timeline of important events in Curie's life and a bibliography of important primary and secondary sources.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313325298
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/28/2004
  • Series: Greenwood Biographies Series
  • Pages: 180
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.44 (d)

Meet the Author

MARILYN BAILEY OGILVIE is Curator of the History of Science Collections and Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oklahoma. She is the co-editor of Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science (2000) and author of Women and Science. An Annotated Bibliography (1996)

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Table of Contents

Series Foreword vii
Introduction ix
Timeline xiii
Chapter 1 Early Life and Education 1
Chapter 2 Preparing for the Future 11
Chapter 3 Paris and the Sorbonne 21
Chapter 4 Pierre and Marie 29
Chapter 5 The Discovery of Radium: A Scientific Breakthrough 43
Chapter 6 A Year of Contrasts: Good News, Bad News 63
Chapter 7 "Pierre is Dead? Dead? Absolutely Dead?" 75
Chapter 8 Scandal! 85
Chapter 9 The Second Nobel Prize, Its Aftermath, and War 99
Chapter 10 Marie and the United States of America 113
Chapter 11 Last Years 125
Conclusion 141
Bibliography 145
Index 147
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