Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology / Edition 2

Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology / Edition 2

by Annalisa Berta, James L. Sumich, Kit M. Kovacs
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0120885522

ISBN-13: 9780120885527

Pub. Date: 12/05/2005

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Marine Mammals has succeeded yet again in creating a superior synthesis of marine mammal reading in this second edition! This book is a succinct yet comprehensive text devoted to the systematics, evolution, morphology, ecology, physiology, and behavior of marine mammals. The first edition, considered the leading text in the field, is required reading for all marine

Overview

Marine Mammals has succeeded yet again in creating a superior synthesis of marine mammal reading in this second edition! This book is a succinct yet comprehensive text devoted to the systematics, evolution, morphology, ecology, physiology, and behavior of marine mammals. The first edition, considered the leading text in the field, is required reading for all marine biologists concerned with marine mammals. By establishing an evolutionary framework for the principal marine mammal lineages, the authors provide a context for chapters on major organ systems including diving physiology, diet and feeding, sound production and echolocation, energetics, reproductive behavior, and conservation. This book is designed as both a text and as a reference for students and professionals and the general reader with an interest in marine mammal biology. This second edition continues the tradition by fully expanding and updating all chapters.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780120885527
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
12/05/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
560
Sales rank:
601,485
Product dimensions:
6.60(w) x 10.62(h) x 1.12(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Acknowledgmentsx
1Introduction1
1.1Marine Mammals-"What Are They?"1
1.2Adaptations for Aquatic Life1
1.3Scope and Use of This Book2
1.4Time Scale2
1.5Early Observations of Marine Mammals3
1.6Emergence of Marine Mammal Science7
1.7Further Reading and Resources9
References9
Part IEvolutionary History
2Systematics and Classification12
2.1Introduction: Systematics-What Is It and Why Do It?12
2.2Some Basic Terminology and Concepts13
2.3How Do You Do Cladistics?17
2.4Testing Phylogenetic Hypotheses19
2.5Going Beyond the Phylogenetic Framework: Elucidating Evolutionary and Ecological Patterns21
2.6Taxonomy and Classification22
2.7Summary and Conclusions24
2.8Further Reading24
References24
3Pinniped Evolution and Systematics27
3.1Introduction27
3.2Origin and Evolution27
3.3Summary and Conclusions46
3.4Further Reading47
References47
4Cetacean Evolution and Systematics51
4.1Introduction51
4.2Origin and Evolution51
4.3Summary and Conclusions81
4.4Further Reading81
References82
5Sirenians and Other Marine Mammals: Evolution and Systematics89
5.1Introduction89
5.2Origin and Evolution of Sirenians89
5.3The Extinct Sirenian Relatives-Desmostylia98
5.4The Extinct Marine Bear-Like Carnivoran, Kolponomos100
5.5The Extinct Aquatic Sloth, Thalassocnus natans102
5.6The Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris102
5.7The Polar Bear, Ursus maritimus105
5.8Summary and Conclusions105
5.9Further Reading107
References107
6Evolutionary Biogeography111
6.1Introduction-What Is Biogeography and Why Is It Important?111
6.2Ecological Factors Affecting Distributions of Marine Mammals111
6.3Present Patterns of Distribution117
6.4Reconstructing Biogeographic Patterns119
6.5Past Patterns of Distribution121
6.6Summary and Conclusions127
6.7Further Reading and Resources128
References129
Part IIEvolutionary Biology, Ecology, And Behavior
7Integumentary and Sensory Systems132
7.1Introduction132
7.2Integumentary System132
7.3Nerves and Sense Organs148
7.4Summary and Conclusions156
7.5Further Reading157
References157
8Musculoskeletal System and Locomotion165
8.1Introduction165
8.2Pinnipeds165
8.3Cetaceans178
8.4Sirenians195
8.5Sea Otter200
8.6Polar Bear203
8.7Summary and Conclusions203
8.8Further Reading205
References206
9Energetics213
9.1Introduction213
9.2Metabolic Rates213
9.3Thermoregulation217
9.4Energetics of Locomotion223
9.5Osmoregulation229
9.6Summary and Conclusions231
9.7Further Reading232
References232
10Respiration and Diving Physiology237
10.1Introduction237
10.2Problems of Deep and Prolonged Dives for Breath-Holders237
10.3Pulmonary and Circulatory Adaptations to Diving239
10.4Diving Response252
10.5Diving Behavior and Phylogenetic Patterns254
10.6Summary and Conclusions262
10.7Further Reading262
References262
11Sound Production for Communication, Echolocation, and Prey Capture270
11.1Introduction270
11.2Sound Propagation in Air and Water270
11.3Anatomy and Physiology of Sound Production and Reception272
11.4Functions of Intentionally Produced Sounds284
11.5Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate and Low-Frequency Military Sonars302
11.6Summary and Conclusions303
11.7Further Reading304
References305
12Diet, Foraging Structures, and Strategies312
12.1Introduction312
12.2Seasonal and Geographical Patterns of Prey Abundance313
12.3Adaptations for Foraging in Pinnipeds314
12.4Feeding Specializations of Cetaceans324
12.5Feeding Specializations of Sirenians344
12.6Feeding Specializations of Other Marine Mammals350
12.7Summary and Conclusions354
12.8Further Reading355
References355
13Reproductive Structures, Strategies, and Patterns363
13.1Introduction363
13.2Anatomy and Physiology of the Reproductive System365
13.3Mating Systems377
13.4Lactation Strategies395
13.5Reproductive Patterns402
13.6Summary and Conclusions405
13.7Further Reading406
References407
14Population Structure and Dynamics416
14.1Introduction416
14.2Abundance and Its Determination in Marine Mammals417
14.3Techniques for Monitoring Populations419
14.4Population Structure and Dynamics432
14.5Summary and Conclusions444
14.6Further Reading445
References445
15Exploitation and Conservation456
15.1Introduction456
15.2Commercial Exploitation of Marine Mammals456
15.3Legal Framework for Marine Mammal Conservation and Protection460
15.4Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals466
15.5Environmental Contaminants472
15.6Single Beachings vs Mass Strandings475
15.7Ecotourism478
15.8Progress and the Future480
15.9Summary and Conclusions483
15.10Further Reading483
References484
AppendixClassification of Marine Mammals491
Glossary513
Index521

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