Marine Products for Healthcare: Functional and Bioactive Nutraceutical Compounds from the Ocean

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Overview

Considered Mother Nature’s medicine cabinet in many areas of the world, marine organisms have been known from time immemorial to possess curative powers. But until recently, their bioactive compounds, nutraceutical properties, and commercial potential remained undiscovered. Bringing together widely scattered literature, Marine Products for Healthcare: Functional and Bioactive Nutraceutical Compounds from the Ocean discusses the importance of marine products as a source of nutraceuticals, food additives, and other useful ingredients in health protection and product formulation

The book begins with a discussion of the general characteristics of functional foods and an overview of the functionality of marine fishery products. It includes detailed discussions on nutraceutical and other functional properties of their seafood components including proteins, bioactive peptides, polyunsaturated fatty acids, polysaccharides, chondroitin, carotenoids, minerals, and shell waste products. Other chapters examine the role of seaweeds as food supplements, additives, and bioactive compounds; microalgae and corals rich in nutrients, pigments, and therapeutic agents; and secondary metabolites of corals, particularly sponges, that have potential as lifesaving drugs. The book also explores recent developments in food fortification, packaging, and drug delivery systems with particular reference with marine ingredients and concludes with a delineation of the safety hazards posed by some marine products.

The science of discovering health promoting compounds from marine sources and techniques for extracting and purifying these chemicals is advancing. More than just a review of the science and market base available for the development of marine nutraceutical/functional food, this book provides a greater understanding of how consumer attitude and legal concerns will impact the kind of products that can be made.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Functional Foods: An Overview

Introduction

Functionality of Food and Food Components

Role of Diet in Health Protection

Nutraceuticals

Functional Food

Marine Products as Functional Food: An Overview

References

Marine Habitat and Resources

Introduction

The Marine Environment

Marine Fishery Products

Coral Reef and Corals

Seaweed

Microalgae

Marine Bacteria

References

Seafood Proteins: Functional Properties and Protein Supplements

Introduction

Seafood Proteins as Dietary Component

Protein Content of Raw Fish Muscle

Functional Properties of Proteins

Physical Functions of Proteins in Food

Functionality of Seafood Proteins

Functionally Active Marine Protein Supplements

Fish Protein Powders

Fermented Fish Products

Animal Feed

Marine Connective Tissue Proteins

Some Seafood Products of Consumer Interest

References

Seafood Proteins: Nutritional Value, Bioactive Peptides, Marine and Cold-Adapted Enzymes

Introduction

Dietary Protein Requirements

Nutritive Value of Proteins

Nutritive Value of Seafood Proteins

Nutritive Value of Marine Protein Supplements

Bioactive Peptides

Bioactive Peptides from Seafood

Marine Enzymes

Antifreeze Proteins

Cold-Adapted Enzymes

Commercial Status

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Therapeutic Functions

Introduction

Marine Lipids

Oxidation of Fatty Acids

Nutritional Value of Lipids

Omega-3 PUFA-Rich Oils from Marine Fish

Squalene

Commercial Aspects

References

Seafood Processing Wastes: Chitin, Chitosan, and Other Compounds

Introduction

Major Compounds from Shellfi sh Processing Wastes

Chitin

Chitosan

Enzymes Degrading Chitin and Chitosan

Glucosamine

Shark Cartilage and Chondroitin Sulfate

Commercial Products

References

Cartotenoids

Introduction

General Properties

Units and Requirements

Marine Sources of Carotenoids

Isolation and Characterization

Bioavailability of Carotenoids

Functional Roles of Carotenoids

Benefi ts of Dietary Carotenoids

Commercial Status

References

Marine Sources of Vitamins and Minerals

Introduction

Vitamins

Minerals

Bone Health in Humans

Commercial Products

References

Seaweed: Nutritional Value, Bioactive Properties, and Uses

Introduction

Processing of Seaweed

Identification of Seaweed

Proximate Composition

Dietary Fiber

Industrial Uses of Seaweed

Farming of Seaweed

Commercial Products

Regulatory Status

References

Seaweed Hydrocolloids

Introduction

General Functional Properties of Seaweed Hydrocolloids

Agar

Alginate

Carrageenan

Fucoidan

Laminarin

Commercial Status

References

Marine Microalgae, Other Microorganisms, and Corals

Introduction

Marine Microalgae

Major Components from Microalgae

Bioactive Compounds from Microalgae

Cultivation of Microalgae

Some Specifi c Examples of Algae

Microalgae as Feed for Aquaculture

Marine Bacteria

Coral Reefs and Corals

Commercial Status

References

Drugs and Pharmaceuticals from Marine Sources

Introduction

Prospects of Finding Drugs from Marine Organisms

Marine Products Having Potential Bioactive Compounds

Marine Biotechnology

Development of Marine Drugs

Global Interests and Commercial Status

References

Marine Nutraceuticals for Food Fortifi cation and Enrichment

Introduction

Dietary Guidelines

Supplementation

Food Fortification and Enrichment

Some Examples of Food Fortification

Marine Ingredients for Food Fortification and Supplementation

Commercial Status

References

Marine Macromolecules as Nutraceutical Carriers and Biofilms

Introduction

Functions of a Delivery System

Matrix Design for Delivery of Nutraceuticals

Encapsulation

Some Novel Delivery Systems

Encapsulation of Marine Ingredients

Biodegradable and Edible Films

Marine Macromolecules as Food Coatings and Edible Films

Nanotechnology

Hydrogels and Membranes for Therapeutic Applications

Commercial Status

References

Safety Hazards with Marine Products and Their Control

Introduction

Food-Borne Hazards

Types of Hazards of Marine Products

Control of Hazards

References

Appendix

Index

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