Marine Products for Healthcare: Functional and Bioactive Nutraceutical Compounds from the Ocean

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Considered Mother Nature’s medicine cabinet in many areas of the world, marine organisms have been known from time immemorial to possess curative powers. But until recently, their bioactive compounds, nutraceutical properties, and commercial potential remained undiscovered. Bringing together widely scattered literature, Marine Products for Healthcare: Functional and Bioactive Nutraceutical Compounds from the Ocean discusses the importance of marine products as a source of nutraceuticals, food additives, and other useful ingredients in health protection and product formulation

The book begins with a discussion of the general characteristics of functional foods and an overview of the functionality of marine fishery products. It includes detailed discussions on nutraceutical and other functional properties of their seafood components including proteins, bioactive peptides, polyunsaturated fatty acids, polysaccharides, chondroitin, carotenoids, minerals, and shell waste products. Other chapters examine the role of seaweeds as food supplements, additives, and bioactive compounds; microalgae and corals rich in nutrients, pigments, and therapeutic agents; and secondary metabolites of corals, particularly sponges, that have potential as lifesaving drugs. The book also explores recent developments in food fortification, packaging, and drug delivery systems with particular reference with marine ingredients and concludes with a delineation of the safety hazards posed by some marine products.

The science of discovering health promoting compounds from marine sources and techniques for extracting and purifying these chemicals is advancing. More than just a review of the science and market base available for the development of marine nutraceutical/functional food, this book provides a greater understanding of how consumer attitude and legal concerns will impact the kind of products that can be made.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Functional Foods: An Overview


Functionality of Food and Food Components

Role of Diet in Health Protection


Functional Food

Marine Products as Functional Food: An Overview


Marine Habitat and Resources


The Marine Environment

Marine Fishery Products

Coral Reef and Corals



Marine Bacteria


Seafood Proteins: Functional Properties and Protein Supplements


Seafood Proteins as Dietary Component

Protein Content of Raw Fish Muscle

Functional Properties of Proteins

Physical Functions of Proteins in Food

Functionality of Seafood Proteins

Functionally Active Marine Protein Supplements

Fish Protein Powders

Fermented Fish Products

Animal Feed

Marine Connective Tissue Proteins

Some Seafood Products of Consumer Interest


Seafood Proteins: Nutritional Value, Bioactive Peptides, Marine and Cold-Adapted Enzymes


Dietary Protein Requirements

Nutritive Value of Proteins

Nutritive Value of Seafood Proteins

Nutritive Value of Marine Protein Supplements

Bioactive Peptides

Bioactive Peptides from Seafood

Marine Enzymes

Antifreeze Proteins

Cold-Adapted Enzymes

Commercial Status

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Therapeutic Functions


Marine Lipids

Oxidation of Fatty Acids

Nutritional Value of Lipids

Omega-3 PUFA-Rich Oils from Marine Fish


Commercial Aspects


Seafood Processing Wastes: Chitin, Chitosan, and Other Compounds


Major Compounds from Shellfi sh Processing Wastes



Enzymes Degrading Chitin and Chitosan


Shark Cartilage and Chondroitin Sulfate

Commercial Products




General Properties

Units and Requirements

Marine Sources of Carotenoids

Isolation and Characterization

Bioavailability of Carotenoids

Functional Roles of Carotenoids

Benefi ts of Dietary Carotenoids

Commercial Status


Marine Sources of Vitamins and Minerals




Bone Health in Humans

Commercial Products


Seaweed: Nutritional Value, Bioactive Properties, and Uses


Processing of Seaweed

Identification of Seaweed

Proximate Composition

Dietary Fiber

Industrial Uses of Seaweed

Farming of Seaweed

Commercial Products

Regulatory Status


Seaweed Hydrocolloids


General Functional Properties of Seaweed Hydrocolloids






Commercial Status


Marine Microalgae, Other Microorganisms, and Corals


Marine Microalgae

Major Components from Microalgae

Bioactive Compounds from Microalgae

Cultivation of Microalgae

Some Specifi c Examples of Algae

Microalgae as Feed for Aquaculture

Marine Bacteria

Coral Reefs and Corals

Commercial Status


Drugs and Pharmaceuticals from Marine Sources


Prospects of Finding Drugs from Marine Organisms

Marine Products Having Potential Bioactive Compounds

Marine Biotechnology

Development of Marine Drugs

Global Interests and Commercial Status


Marine Nutraceuticals for Food Fortifi cation and Enrichment


Dietary Guidelines


Food Fortification and Enrichment

Some Examples of Food Fortification

Marine Ingredients for Food Fortification and Supplementation

Commercial Status


Marine Macromolecules as Nutraceutical Carriers and Biofilms


Functions of a Delivery System

Matrix Design for Delivery of Nutraceuticals


Some Novel Delivery Systems

Encapsulation of Marine Ingredients

Biodegradable and Edible Films

Marine Macromolecules as Food Coatings and Edible Films


Hydrogels and Membranes for Therapeutic Applications

Commercial Status


Safety Hazards with Marine Products and Their Control


Food-Borne Hazards

Types of Hazards of Marine Products

Control of Hazards




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