Marine Protected Areas: Tools for Sustaining Ocean Ecosystem / Edition 1

Marine Protected Areas: Tools for Sustaining Ocean Ecosystem / Edition 1

by Design Committee on the Evaluation, Ocean Studies Board, National Research Council
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309072867

ISBN-13: 9780309072861

Pub. Date: 04/30/2001

Publisher: National Academies Press

Although the ocean-and the resources within-seem limitless, there is clear evidence that human impacts such as overfishing, habitat destruction, and pollution disrupt marine ecosystems and threaten the long-term productivity of the seas. Declining yields in many fisheries and decay of treasured marine habitats, such as coral reefs, has heightened interest in

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Overview

Although the ocean-and the resources within-seem limitless, there is clear evidence that human impacts such as overfishing, habitat destruction, and pollution disrupt marine ecosystems and threaten the long-term productivity of the seas. Declining yields in many fisheries and decay of treasured marine habitats, such as coral reefs, has heightened interest in establishing a comprehensive system of marine protected areas (MPAs)-areas designated for special protection to enhance the management of marine resources. Therefore, there is an urgent need to evaluate how MPAs can be employed in the United States and internationally as tools to support specific conservation needs of marine and coastal waters.

Marine Protected Areas compares conventional management of marine resources with proposals to augment these management strategies with a system of protected areas. The volume argues that implementation of MPAs should be incremental and adaptive, through the design of areas not only to conserve resources, but also to help us learn how to manage marine species more effectively.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309072861
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
04/30/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary1
1Introduction10
2Conservation Goals17
3Conventional Management of Marine Fisheries30
4Societal Values of Marine Reserves and Protected Areas42
5Empirical and Modeling Studies of Marine Reserves71
6Design97
7Monitoring, Research, and Modeling126
8Historical Background and Evaluation of Marine Protected Areas in the United States145
9Conclusions and Recommendations174
References185
App. A: Acronyms211
App. B: Glossary214
App. C: Committee and Staff Biographies219
App. D: Meeting Agendas223
App. EPresidential Executive Order Regarding Marine Protected Areas in the United States232
App. FIUCN Protected Area Categories System237
App. GDescription of Studies Estimating Marine Reserve Area Requirements247
Index257

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