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Markets and the Environment is a concise yet comprehensive introduction to a topic of central importance in understanding a wide range of environmental issues and policy approaches. It offers a clear overview of the fundamentals of environmental economics that will enable students and professionals to quickly grasp important concepts and to apply those concepts to real-world environmental problems. In addition, the book integrates normative, policy, and institutional issues at a principles level. Chapters examine: the benefits and costs of environmental protection, markets and market failure, natural resources as capital assets, and sustainability and economic development.
Markets and the Environment is the second volume in the Foundations of Contemporary Environmental Studies Series, edited by James Gustave Speth. The series presents concise guides to essential subjects in the environmental curriculum, incorporating a problem-based approach to teaching and learning.
Chapter 1. Introduction
-Economics and the environment
-Global climate change
-Organization and content of this book
-What we hope readers will take away from this book
Chapter 2. Economic Efficiency and Environmental Protection
-Efficiency and environmental policy
-Equating benefits and costs on the margin
-Dynamic efficiency and environmental policy
Chapter 3. The Benefits and Costs of Environmental Protection
-Evaluating the benefits
Chapter 4. The Efficiency of Markets
-Competitive market equilibrium
-The efficiency of competitive markets
Chapter 5. Market Failures in the Environmental Realm
-The tragedy of the commons
Chapter 6. Managing Stocks: Natural Resources as Capital Assets
-Efficient extraction in two periods
-A closer look at the efficient extraction path
-The critical role of property rights
Chapter 7. Stocks that Grow: The Economics of Renewable Resource Management
-Economics of Forest Resources
Chapter 8. Principles of Market-based Environmental Policy
-Array of policy instruments
-Market-based policies can overcome market failure
-Is it preferable to set prices or quantities?
Chapter 9. The Case for Market-Based Instruments in the Real World
-Promoting technological change
-Marked-based instruments for managing natural resources
Chapter 10. Market Based Instruments in Practice
-The U.S. sulfur dioxide market
-Individual tradable quotas for fishing in New Zealand
-Municipal water pricing
-Water quality trading
-Waste management: "Pay as you throw"
-Habitat and land management
Chapter 11. Sustainability and Economic Growth
-Limits to Growth?
-Sustainability, in Economic Terms
-Keeping Track: Green Accounting
-Are Economic Growth and Sustainability Compatible?
Chapter 12. Conclusion
-What does economics imply for environmental policy?
-The role of firms, consumers, and governments
-Some final thoughts