Marriage in the Western Church: The Christianization of Marriage During the Patristic and Early Medieval Periods

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This book examines the ways in which Western bishops and theologians during the first millennium A.D. affirmed that marriage is holy condition, and it shows how the doctrine of indissolubility both dominated and limited the Western Church's conception of marriage.

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Meet the Author

Philip Lyndon Reynolds is Director of the Aquinas Center of Theology at Emory University and is an Assistant Professor of Historical Theology at Candler School of Theology.
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Table of Contents

Introduction: the Christianization of Marriage
Pt. 1 Marriage in Civil Law
I Roman Law: the Formation and Nature of Marriage 3
II Roman Law: the Dissolution of Marriage 44
III Germanic Law: Betrothal and Divorce 66
IV Germanic Law: Irregular and Informal Marriage 101
Pt. 2 Marriage in the Church
V Lex Divina: the Distinction 121
VI Lex Divina: the Historical Context 142
VII The Impediment of Inequality 156
VIII The Matthean Exception in the Fathers 173
IX The Matthean Exception and the Doctrine of Indissolubility 213
X Separating to Serve God 227
Pt. 3 Augustine's Theology of Marriage
XI Augustine on Marriage as Spiritual Union 241
XII Augustine on Marriage as a Remedy 259
XIII Augustine on the Sacrament in Marriage 280
Pt. 4 The Nuptial Process
XIV Betrothal 315
XV Consummation 328
XVI Benediction 362
XVII Marrying in the Frankish Church 386
Conclusion: from consortium omnis vitae to sacramentum magnum 413
Bibliography 420
Index 429
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