Marriage in the Western Church: The Christianization of Marriage During the Patristic and Early Medieval Periods

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Leiden: 1994. Hardcover Brundage's signature on front paste-down with his ink notes and markings, slightly cocked binding, else very good plus sound condition / bright and crisp ... dust jacket From the library of noted medievalist James A. Brundage. 436pp. Read more Show Less

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Marriage in the Western Church examines how marriage acquired a specifically Christian identity in the Western Church from the patristic through Carolingian periods. It shows how theologians came to regard marriage as an ecclesiastical institution and how they developed a Christian theology of marriage.
The first part of the book deals with marriage and divorce in Roman and Germanic law. Other parts deal with marriage and divorce in ecclesiastical law, with the Latin Fathers' distinction between the divine and human laws of marriage, and with the customary stages by which persons became married. Several chapters are devoted to Augustine's views on marriage and sexuality.
The author shows how the doctrine of indissolubility became the West's chief means of christianizing marriage, and how theologians found here their preferred arguments for affirming the holiness and the 'sacramentality' of marriage. The author argues that the Western regime of indissolubility was the product of a fourth century reform movement.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789004100220
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 6/1/1994
  • Series: Vigiliae Christianae, Supplements Series , #24
  • Pages: 436
  • Product dimensions: 6.46 (w) x 9.66 (h) x 1.31 (d)

Meet the Author

Philip Lyndon Reynolds, Ph.D. (1986) in Religious Studies, University of Toronto, is Director of the Aquinas Center of Theology at Emory University and an assistant professor of historical theology at Candler School of Theology in Atlanta.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: the Christianization of Marriage
Pt. 1 Marriage in Civil Law
I Roman Law: the Formation and Nature of Marriage 3
II Roman Law: the Dissolution of Marriage 44
III Germanic Law: Betrothal and Divorce 66
IV Germanic Law: Irregular and Informal Marriage 101
Pt. 2 Marriage in the Church
V Lex Divina: the Distinction 121
VI Lex Divina: the Historical Context 142
VII The Impediment of Inequality 156
VIII The Matthean Exception in the Fathers 173
IX The Matthean Exception and the Doctrine of Indissolubility 213
X Separating to Serve God 227
Pt. 3 Augustine's Theology of Marriage
XI Augustine on Marriage as Spiritual Union 241
XII Augustine on Marriage as a Remedy 259
XIII Augustine on the Sacrament in Marriage 280
Pt. 4 The Nuptial Process
XIV Betrothal 315
XV Consummation 328
XVI Benediction 362
XVII Marrying in the Frankish Church 386
Conclusion: from consortium omnis vitae to sacramentum magnum 413
Bibliography 420
Index 429
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