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|Pt. 1||Marriage and the Family in Perspective||1|
|Ch. 1||The Changing Family||2|
|Ch. 2||Studying Marriage and the Family||26|
|Ch. 3||The Family in Historical Perspective||49|
|Pt. 2||The Individual and the Developing Relationship||75|
|Ch. 4||Gender Roles: More Choices, More Constraints||76|
|Ch. 5||Love Is a Many-Splendoured Thing...or Is It?||105|
|Ch. 6||Learning to Be Sexual||131|
|Ch. 7||Sexual Expression throughout the Life Course||160|
|Pt. 3||Individual and Marital Commitments||189|
|Ch. 8||Becoming a Couple: Dating, Rating, and Mating||190|
|Ch. 9||Singlehood and Other Alternatives to Traditional Families||216|
|Ch. 10||Marriage and Marital Communication||238|
|Pt. 4||Parents and Children||269|
|Ch. 11||Becoming a Parent: Planning and Having Children||270|
|Ch. 12||Raising Children: Contemporary Prospects and Pitfalls||301|
|Ch. 13||Racial-Ethnic Families: Stereotypes, Stresses, and Strengths||330|
|Pt. 5||Conflicts and Crises||359|
|Ch. 14||Families and Work: Facing the Economic Squeeze||360|
|Ch. 15||The Violent Family and Health-Related Issues||392|
|Ch. 16||Separation and Divorce||423|
|Pt. 6||Changes and Transitions||451|
|Ch. 17||Remarriage and Stepfamilies: Life after Divorce||452|
|Ch. 18||Aging and Family Life: Grandparenting, Death of Spouse, and Care Giving||473|
|Ch. 19||The Family in the Twenty-First Century||502|
|Appendix A: Sexual Anatomy||523|
|Appendix B: The Evolution of the Sexual Revolution||526|
|Appendix C: Contraceptive Techniques||528|
|Appendix D: Sexually Transmitted Diseases||534|
|Appendix E: Nonmarital and Premarital Agreements||536|
|Appendix F: Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth||541|
|Appendix G: State-by-State Laws on Divorce, Child Custody, and Child Support||547|
Other recent changes have also affected families. A booming economy during the 1990s has propelled some families into higher socioeconomic brackets but left many others poorer than ever. Though some complain about the "information overload," widespread access to the Internet has connected family members across the states and overseas. There has also been a groundswell of supporters who oppose divorce as well as a concerted effort to identify unwed fathers and enforce their financial child-support obligations.
Marriages and Families offers students a comprehensive introduction to these and other issues facing families in the twenty-first century. Although written from a sociological perspective, the book incorporates material from other disciplines—history, economics, social work, psychology, law, biology, and anthropology. Moreover, the researchthat supports this edition, most from the mid-1990s to early 2000s, encompasses both quantitative and qualitative studies. Nationally representative and longitudinal data are supplemented with insights from clinical, case, and observational studies.
Marriages and Families continues to be distinguished from other textbooks in several important ways. It offers comprehensive coverage of the field, allowing instructors to select chapters that best suit their particular needs. It balances theoretical and empirical discussions with practical examples and applications. It highlights important contemporary changes in society and the family. It explores the choices that are available to family members as well as the constraints that often limit our choices. It examines the diversity of U.S. families, using cross-cultural and multicultural material to encourage students to think about the many critical issues that confront the family of the twenty-first century.
Changes that are affecting the structure and functioning of today's family inform the pages of every chapter of this book. Also, several chapters focus on some major transformations in American society. Chapter 12, for example, examines the growing cultural diversity of the United States, focusing on African American, American Indian, Latino, Asian American, and interracial marriages and families. Chapter 17 discusses the ways in which the rapid "graying of America" has affected adult children and grandchildren, family members' roles as caregivers, and family relations in general. And Chapter 18 analyzes some of the social policy changes that affect the family.
On the individual level, family members have many more choices today than ever before. People feel freer to postpone marriage, to cohabit, or to raise children as single parents. As a result, household forms vary greatly, ranging from commuter marriages to those in which several generations live together under the same roof. As reproductive technology becomes increasingly sophisticated, many infertile couples can now have children. Some states offer "covenant marriages" and mediation to stem the high divorce rates. And as the U.S. population continues to age, many elderly family members are implementing innovative housing arrangements (such as senior communes) and demanding legislation that allows them to die with dignity. Although some of these issues are highly controversial, they increase the options that family members have now and will enjoy in the future.
Although family members' choices are more varied today, we also face greater macro-level constraints. Our options are increasingly limited, for example, by government policies that ignore national health insurance coverage for families and child-care resources for middle-class and lower socioeconomic households. Economic changes often shape family life and not vice versa. Political and legal institutions also have a major impact on most families in terms of tax laws, welfare reform, and even in defining what a family is. Because laws, public policies, and religious groups affect our everyday lives, I have framed many discussions of individual choice within the larger picture of the institutional constraints that limit those choices.
Because contemporary American marriages and families vary greatly in terms of structure, dynamics, and cultural heritage, discussions of gender roles, class, race, ethnicity, age, and sexual orientation are integrated throughout this book. To further strengthen students' understanding of the growing diversity among today's families, I have also included a series of boxes that focus on families from many cultures. Both text and boxed materials are intended to broaden students' cultural "pool of knowledge" (as one of my college professors used to say) and to encourage you, the student, to think about the many forms families may take and the different ways in which family members interact.
In most chapters "a global view" adds new material to either the Data Digest or text. In addition, many chapters include more examples from the popular culture (television, videos, movies) to which students relate. Specifically, new, updated, and expanded coverage includes the following:
Much of Marriages and Families has been revised to incorporate new research (both in print and on the Internet), recent surveys, and current examples and illustrations from the media. I have maintained several popular features such as the Data Digest and the author's files quotations. In response to student and reviewer comments, I have revised many figures and end-of-chapter materials, including the Taking It Further sections.
I introduced the Data Digest in the second edition because "all those numbers" from the Census Bureau, empirical studies, and demographic trends often overwhelm students (both mine and others'). Because this has been a popular feature, I've updated the U.S. information and have included data from other countries. The Data Digest that introduces each chapter not only provides students with a thought-provoking overview of current statistics and trends but makes "all those numbers" more interesting and digestible.
The first question from my students is usually, "Will this stuff be on the exam?" Not in my classes. I see the Data Digest as piquing student curiosity about the chapter rather than for memorizing a lot of numbers they can look up. Some faculty tell me that their students have used the Data Digest to develop class presentations or course papers.
Many faculty who reviewed previous editions of Marriages and Families, and many students as well, liked the anecdotes and personal experiences with which I illustrate sometimes "dry" theories and abstract concepts. In this new edition I weave more of this material into the text. Thus, many examples from discussions in my own classes are included (cited as "from author's files") to enliven theoretical perspectives and abstract concepts.
Many students tend to skip over figures (or tables) because they're afraid of numbers, don't trust statistics (see Chapter 2), or the material seems boring or complicated. Regardless of what textbooks I use, and in all the courses I teach, I routinely go over a number of figures in class because, as I tell my students, a good figure or table may be more important (or at least more memorable) than the author's explanation. To encourage students' looking at data, I have streamlined many figures and often provide brief summaries to accompany the figures.
A common question from my own students has been, "Can't we do something about issue X?" And sometimes students have asked me for practical information—for example, "How can I find a good child-care center?" or "Can anyone help my sister get out of an abusive marriage?" The Taking It Further section addresses such questions and concerns. It tells students how to get information on particular topics; how to get personal assistance—such as counseling or therapy—for themselves or others; how to contact organizations that deal with specific problems; and provides URLs for a wealth of Internet sites that delve deeper into topics discussed in each chapter. Some of the Websites are fun (like love and dating), some provide up-to-date information (especially many of the Census Bureau and Centers for Disease Control sites), and others offer practical advice and community resources on the workplace, family research, aging, sex and sexually transmitted diseases, gender, sexual orientation, and many other family-related topics.
What is on the Internet today may be gone tomorrow. I have tried, therefore, to include only the Websites that have been around for a while and will not vanish overnight.
The pedagogical features in Marriages and Families have been designed specifically to capture students' attention and to facilitate their understanding and recall of the material. Some of these features are familiar from the earlier editions but some are new. Each has been carefully crafted to ensure that it ties in clearly with the text material, enhancing its meaning and applicability.
Many chapters contain figures that, in bold and original artistic designs, demonstrate such concepts as the exchange theory of dating, romantic versus lasting love, and theories of mating and that present simple statistics in innovative and visually appealing ways. More than a third of the photographs are new. We have taken great care to select substantive photographs (rather than what I call "pretty postcards") that illustrate the text.
Reflecting and reinforcing the book's primary themes, three categories of boxes focus on the changes, choices, and constraints that confront today's families. A fourth category discusses cultural differences, and a fifth, self-assessment quizzes, helps students evaluate their own knowledge and acquire insights about family life.
Each chapter contains an opening outline. The outlines help students organize their learning by focusing on the main topics of each chapter.
Important terms and concepts, boldfaced and defined in the text, are listed at the end of each chapter. All key terms and their definitions are repeated in the Glossary at the end of the book.
The supplements package for this textbook is of exceptional quality. Each component has been meticulously crafted to amplify and illuminate materials in the text itself.
This carefully written guide helps students better understand the material presented in the text. Each chapter consists of chapter summaries, definitions of key terms/concepts, critical thinking exercises geared to the questions in the text, a self-test questions page referenced to the text, and Study Tips written by the author.
This essential instructor's tool includes detailed chapter outlines, teaching objectives, discussion questions, and classroom activities. Prepared by Lee Frank of Community College of Allegheny County, this manual also includes over 1900 test questions to include multiple choice, true/false, and essay questions—all page referenced to the text.
This computerized software allows instructors to create their own personalized exams, to edit any or all test questions, and to add new questions. Other special features of this program, which is available for Windows and Macintosh, include random generation of an item set, creation of alternate versions of the same test, scrambling question sequence, and test preview before printing.
This guide provides a brief introduction to navigating the Internet, along with references related specifically to the discipline of sociology. This supplementary book is free to students when packaged with Marriages and Families.
Prentice Hall and EBSCO, the world leader in online journal subscription management, have developed a customized research database for students of sociology. The database provides free and unlimited access to the text of over 100 peer-reviewed sociology and family publications when a ContentSelect Access Code is packaged with a new textbook. Please contact your local Prentice Hall representative for more information on ordering ContentSelect.
Video is the most dynamic supplement you can use to enhance a class, but the quality of the video material and how well it relates to your course still make all the difference. Prentice Hall and ABC News are now working together to bring you the best and most comprehensive video ancillaries available in the college market.
Through its wide variety of award-winning programs—Nightline, Primetime Live, This Week, and World News Tonight, ABC offers a resource for feature and documentary-style videos related to the chapters in Marriages and Families: Changes, Choices, and Constraints. The programs have extremely high production quality, present substantial content, and are hosted by well-versed, well-known anchors.
Prentice Hall and its authors and editors provide the benefit of having selected videos and topics that will work well with this course and text and include notes on how to use them in the classroom.
The New York Times and Prentice Hall are sponsoring Themes o f the Times, a program designed to enhance student access to current information relevant to the classroom. Through this program, the core subject matter provided in the text is supplemented by a collection of timely articles from one of the world's most distinguished newspapers, The New York Times. These articles demonstrate the vital, ongoing connection between what is learned in the classroom and what is happening in the world around us. To enjoy the wealth of information of The New York Times daily, a reduced subscription rate is available. For information, call toll-free: 1-800-631-1222.
Prentice Hall and The New York Times are proud to co-sponsor Themes of the Times. We hope it will make the reading of both textbooks and newspapers a more dynamic, involving process.
Created by Roger J. Eich of Hawkeye Community College, this PowerPoint slide set combines graphics and text in a colorful format to help you convey principles in a new and exciting way. Created in PowerPoint, an easy-to-use widely available software program, this set contains over 200 content slides keyed to each chapter in the set.
More than an online study guide, the Prentice Hall Companion Website to accompany Marriages and Families: Changes, Choices, and Constraints is a truly integrated text-specific resource, written and maintained by the text author, Nijole V Benokraitis. The site offers
Prentice Hall is committed to providing our leading content to the growing number of courses being delivered over the Internet by developing relationships with the leading course management platforms. Please visit our technology solutions Website at http://www.prenhall.com/demo for more information or contact your local Prentice Hall representative.
Posted May 2, 2014
Posted August 27, 2009
No text was provided for this review.