Masonry Structural Design / Edition 1

Masonry Structural Design / Edition 1

by Richard Klingner
     
 

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ISBN-10: 007163830X

ISBN-13: 9780071638302

Pub. Date: 03/05/2010

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

Written by the former chair of the Masonry Standards Joint Committee (MSJC), this authoritative volume covers the design of masonry structures using the 2009 International Building Code and the 2008 MSJC Code and Specification.

Masonry Structural Design emphasizes the strength design of masonry and includes allowable-stress provisions. Innovations such as

Overview

Written by the former chair of the Masonry Standards Joint Committee (MSJC), this authoritative volume covers the design of masonry structures using the 2009 International Building Code and the 2008 MSJC Code and Specification.

Masonry Structural Design emphasizes the strength design of masonry and includes allowable-stress provisions. Innovations such as autoclaved aerated concrete masonry (AAC) are also discussed. Real-world case studies featuring a low-rise building with reinforced concrete masonry and a four-story building with clay masonry illustrate the techniques presented in this comprehensive resource.

Coverage includes:

Basic structural behavior and design of low-rise, bearing wall buildings

Materials used in masonry construction

Code basis for structural design of masonry buildings, including seismic design

Introduction to MSJC treatment of structural design

Strength design of reinforced and unreinforced masonry elements

Allowable-stress design of reinforced and unreinforced masonry elements

Comparison of design by the allowable-stress approach versus the strength approach

Lateral load analysis of shear wall structures

Design and detailing of floor and roof diaphragms

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071638302
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
03/05/2010
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
588
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Illustrations xi

Tables xxi

Preface xxv

Notice of Use of Copyrighted Material xxvii

1 Basic Structural Behavior and Design of Low-Rise, Bearing Wall Buildings 1

1.1 Basic Structural Behavior of Low-Rise, Bearing Wall Buildings 3

1 2 Basic Structural Design of Low-Rise, Masonry Buildings 4

2 Materials Used in Masonry Construction 7

2.1 Basic Components of Masonry 9

2.2 Masonry Mortar 15

2.3 Masonry Grout 25

2.4 General Information on ASTM Specifications for Masonry Units 27

2 5 Clay Masonry Units 29

2.6 Concrete Masonry Units 35

2.7 Properties of Masonry Assemblages 37

2.8 Masonry Accessory Materials 38

2.9 Design of Masonry Structures Requiring Little Structural Calculation 47

2.10 How to Increase Resistance of Masonry to Water Penetration 54

3 Code Basis for Structural Design of Masonry Buildings 57

3.1 Introduction to Building Codes in the United States 59

3.2 Introduction to the Calculation of Design Loading Using the 2009 IBC 64

3.3 Gravity Loads according to the 2009 IBC 64

3.4 Wind Loading according to the 2009 IBC 67

3.5 Earthquake Loading 87

3.6 Loading Combinations of the 2009 IBC 103

3.7 Summary of Strength Design Provisions of 2008 MSJC Code 105

3.8 Summary of Allowable-Stress Design Provisions of 2008 MSJC Code 109

3.9 Additional Information on Code Basis for Structural Design of Masonry Buildings 113

4 Introduction to MSJC Treatment of Structural Design 117

4.1 Basic Mechanical Behavior of Masonry 119

4.2 Classification of Masonry Elements 120

4.3 Classification of Masonry Elements by Structural Function 120

4.4 Classification of Masonry Elements by Design Intent 121

4.5 Design Approaches for Masonry Elements 121

4.6 How Reinforcement Is Used in Masonry Elements 122

4.7 How This Book Classifies Masonry Elements 127

5 Strength Design of Unreinforced Masonry Elements 131

5.1 Strength Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls 133

5.2 Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls 147

5.3 Strength Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls 161

5.4 Strength Design of Anchor Bolts 168

5.5 Required Details for Unreinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Wails 177

6 Strength Design of Reinforced Masonry Elements 181

6.1 Strength Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels 183

6.2 Strength Design of Reinforced Curtain Walls 191

6 3 Strength Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls 196

6.4 Strength Design of Reinforced Shear Walls 212

6.5 Required Details for Reinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls 223

7 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Masonry Elements 227

7.1 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls 229

7.2 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls 243

7.3 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls 259

7.4 Allowable-Stress Design of Anchor Bolts 265

7.5 Required Details for Unreinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls 274

8 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Masonry Elements 279

8.1 Review: Behavior of Cracked, Transformed Sections 281

8.2 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels 295

8.3 Allowable-Stress Design of Curtain Walls 300

8.4 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls 306

8.5 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Shear Walls 319

8.6 Required Details for Reinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls 324

9 Comparison of Design by the Allowable-Stress Approach versus the Strength Approach 329

9.1 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls 331

9.2 Comparison of Allowable-Stress Design and Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls 332

9.3 Comparison of Allowable-Stress Design and Strength Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls 332

9.4 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Anchor Bolts 333

9.5 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Beams and Lintels 334

9.6 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Curtain Walls 335

9.7 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Bearing Walls 336

9.8 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Shear Walls 336

10 Lateral Load Analysis of Shear-Wall Structures 339

10.1 Classification of Horizontal Diaphragms as Rigid or Flexible 342

10.2 Lateral Load Analysis of Shear-Wall Structures with Rigid Floor Diaphragms 343

10.3 Lateral Load Analysis and Design of Shear-Wall Structures with Flexible Floor Diaphragms 362

10.4 The Simplest of All Possible Analytical Worlds 364

11 Design and Detailing of Floor and Roof Diaphragms 367

11.1 Introduction to Design of Diaphragms 369

11.2 Typical Connection Details for Roof and Floor Diaphragms 372

12 Strength Design Example: One-Story Building with Reinforced Concrete Masonry 375

12.1 Introduction 377

12.2 Design Steps for One-Story Building 378

12.3 Step 1: Choose Design Criteria 378

12.4 Step 2: Design Walls for Gravity plus Out-of-Plane Loads 389

12.5 Step 3: Design Lintels 406

12.6 Summary So Far 409

12.7 Step 4: Conduct Lateral Force Analysis, Design Roof Diaphragm 410

12.8 Step 5: Design Wall Segments 413

12.9 Step 6: Design and Detail Connections 415

13 Strength Design Example: Four-Story Building with Clay Masonry 417

13.1 Introduction 419

13.2 Design Steps for Four-Story Example 419

13.3 Step 1: Choose Design Criteria, Specify Materials 420

13.4 Step 2: Design Transverse Shear Walls for Gravity plus Earthquake Loads 428

13.5 Step 3: Design Exterior Walls for Gravity plus Out-of-Plane Wind 435

13.6 Overall Comments on Four-Story Building Example 435

14 Structural Design of AAC Masonry 437

14.1 Introduction to Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) 439

14.2 Applications of AAC 444

14.3 Structural Design of AAC Elements 444

14.4 Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls of AAC Masonry 449

14.5 Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls of AAC Masonry 452

14.6 Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls of AAC Masonry 462

14.7 Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels of AAC Masonry 467

14.8 Design of Reinforced Curtain Walls of AAC Masonry 473

14.9 Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls of AAC Masonry 473

14.10 Design of Reinforced Shear Walls of AAC Masonry 481

14.11 Seismic Design of AAC Structures 493

14.12 Design Example: Three-Story AAC Shear-Wall Hotel 495

14.13 References on AAC 524

14.14 Additional References on AAC 525

References 529

General References 531

ASTM Standards 532

Index 535

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