Mastering Nature Photography: Shooting and Selling in the Digital Age


A one-stop resource to shooting and selling nature photography, this guide provides a comprehensive real-life account of the field's working conditions along with the artistic, business, and technical skills needed to succeed in it. The information is presented in a practical field-guide format, for users of both traditional and digital equipment. Topics covered included basic techniques and practices of nature photography-from the various types of environments, objects, and equipment to questions of style, ...

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A one-stop resource to shooting and selling nature photography, this guide provides a comprehensive real-life account of the field's working conditions along with the artistic, business, and technical skills needed to succeed in it. The information is presented in a practical field-guide format, for users of both traditional and digital equipment. Topics covered included basic techniques and practices of nature photography-from the various types of environments, objects, and equipment to questions of style, composition, and mood. This guide also covers organizational, business, and career issues-from planning and organizing a one-time photo expedition for a magazine shoot to selling one's work to a nature stock agency. • Will appeal to serious professionals and beginning photographers, as well as thrill seekers • CD-ROM includes 500 breathtaking full-color photos of nature shots • Advertising in Popular Photography and Photo District News

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781581153897
  • Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing
  • Publication date: 11/5/2004
  • Edition description: BK&CD-ROM
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 6.10 (d)

Meet the Author

John Kieffer is a professional outdoors photographer and the author of The Photographer's Assistant (1-58195-080-6). He lives in Boulder.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
About the CD-ROM x
Part 1 A Solid Foundation
Chapter 1 So You Want to be a Nature Photographer 3
Be a Naturalist
Be an Athletic and Adventurous Outdoorsperson
Be a Businessperson
What about Equipment?
Chapter 2 Good Photography: A Deliberate Approach 9
A Common Thread in Good Photography
Where and What to Photograph
Who's Your Audience
Chapter 3 Elements of an Image 13
Symbols and Icons: The Star of Your Picture
General Rules of Composition
Chapter 4 A Day in the Life of a Nature Photographer 21
The Maroon Bells
Part 2 Photographic Equipment
Chapter 5 Cameras 31
35mm SLR Camera Systems
35mm SLR Lenses
Why Use a Larger Format Camera?
Medium Format Cameras
The View Camera
Panoramic Cameras
Digital Cameras
General Photographic Equipment Checklist
Chapter 6 Lenses and the Creative Process 45
Focal Length, Aperture
Depth of Field
Shutter Speed
Chapter 7 Filters 51
Exposure Compensation
Filter Frames and Holders
Ultraviolet (UV), Skylight (1A), and Haze Filters
Polarizing Filters
Enhancing and Warming Filters
Graduated Filters
Digital Filters
Neutral Density (ND) Filters
Wratten Gels or Color Compensating (CC) Filters
Specialty Filters
Chapter 8 Film 55
Keeping Track of Your Film
Kinds of Film
Film Speed
Color and Saturation
Pushing and Pulling Film
Chapter 9 Exposure and Contrast Range 59
Light Meters and Measuring Light
Successful Metering and Exposures
Contrast Range
Sunny 16 Rule
Chapter 10 Tripods, Supports, and Cases 63
Tripod Features
Tripod Heads
Using a Tripod
Specialized Camera Supports
Camera Cases and Photo Vests
Part 3 Photographing Nature
Chapter 11 Planning a Successful Photo Trip 71
Resources for Finding Locations
Public Lands
Be a Naturalist
Can Preparation Verge on Stealing?
Chapter 12 Location Scouting Basics 77
Before You Set Out
Capturing the Grand Vista
Trails: Exploring the Backcountry
Private Property and Location Scouting
Basecamp: Trips as Family Vacations
Location Scouting Checklist
Chapter 13 Photographing in Canyons, Deserts, and Dunes 97
Photographing Canyons
Location Scouting: Canyons
Slot Canyons
Photographing Buttes
Stock Value: Canyon Country
Photographing Deserts
Location Scouting: Deserts
Two Classic Desert Landscapes
Cacti and Flowers
Stock Value: Deserts
Photographing Sand Dunes
Location Scouting: Sand Dunes
Sand Dunes: Two Compositions
Stock Value: Sand Dunes
Chapter 14 Photographing Mountains 113
Location Scouting: Mountains
Early Summer
Middle Summer: The Peak Season
Late Summer
Autumn Mountains
Winter Mountains
Stock Value: Mountains
Chapter 15 Photographing Snow and Cold 123
Exposures and Snow
Tips for Better Winter Compositions
Stock Value: Snow
Chapter 16 Photographing Flowers, Forests, and Still-Lifes 127
Three Basic Flower Compositions
Stock Value: Flowers
Photographing Forests
Two Forest Compositions
Stock Value: Forests
Photographing Still-Lifes, Patterns, and Backgrounds
Chapter 17 Photographing Water 137
Photographing Reflections, Lakes, and Calm Waters
Two Compositions
Stock Value: Reflections and Lakes
Photographing Seascapes and Coastlines
Location Scouting: Coastlines
Four Ocean Compositions
Stock Value: Seascapes and Coastlines
Photographing Streams
Photographing Waterfalls
Stock Value: Streams and Waterfalls
Chapter 18 Photographing the Sky 155
Photographing Clouds
Stock Value: Fog
Photographing Moonrises and Moonsets
Stock Value: Moonrises and Moonsets
Photographing Rainbows
Stock Value: Rainbows
Photographing Sunrays and Sunbursts
Stock Value: Sunrays
Photographing Sunrise and Sunset
Stock Value: Sunrises and Sunsets
Chapter 19 Photographing Agriculture 169
Agricultural Compositions
Using Agricultural Icons
Wheat: A Case Study
Stock Value: Agriculture
Chapter 20 Photographing City Skylines and Roads 175
Skyline Location Scouting
Filters and Lighting
Photographing Roads
Three Road Compositions
Stock Value: Roads
Chapter 21 Photographing Wildlife 181
Gain Your Skills Locally
Animal Portraiture
Shoot the Stars
Visit National Parks and Refuges
Stock Value: Wildlife
Chapter 22 Photographing People 185
Pictures for Family and Friends
Basic Compositions
Images for the Professional Photo Buyer
Wardrobe and Props
Model Releases
Photo Equipment
Stock Value: People
Part 4 The Business of Selling Your Photography
Chapter 23 Photography Business Basics 195
Be Your Own Stock Photo Agency
Organize Your Photography and Your Stock Business
Image Fulfillment: Film and Digital
Getting Paid: Invoices and Credit Cards
Know the End User
Theft or Copyright Infringement
Rights: Managed and Royalty Free Photography
Professional Organizations and Partnerships
Be a Photographic Assistant
Chapter 24 Digital Files 211
File Size
File Formats
Resizing a File
RGB and CMYK Modes
Scanning Film
General Scanning Considerations
Using CD-ROMs
Stock Photo Catalogs
Royalty-Free Photo CD-ROMs
Recording to CD-ROM
CD-ROM Design Considerations
Chapter 25 Marketing Approaches: Old and New 221
Logos and Identity
Printed Material
Press Releases
The Yellow Pages
Your Web Site as a Marketing Tool
General Considerations for Web Sites
Preliminary Decisions
Organizing Your Web Site
Parts of Your Web Site
Showing Your Photography
Subject List or Index
Protecting Your Photography
FTP, or File Transfer Protocol
Chapter 26 The Stock Photography Industry 237
Stock Photo Agencies
Finding a Compatible Stock Agency
Submission Guidelines
Working with Your Stock Agency
Stock Agency Contracts
Chapter 27 Advertising and Commercial Usage 247
The Advertising Industry
Finding Ad Agencies and Graphic Designers
Larger Companies and Corporations
Web Designers and Multimedia Developers
Miscellaneous Commercial Contacts
Commercial Calendars
Mailing Lists and Direct Mail
Calculating a Usage Fee
Quoting a Price and Closing a Deal
Chapter 28 Calendars and Book Publishers 253
Finding Calendar Companies and Publishers
Usage Fees
Chapter 29 Magazines and Trade Publications 257
Trade Publications
Consumer Magazines
How Magazines Work
Contacting Magazines
Offer More than Photography
Chapter 30 Photographic Prints 261
The Marketplace
Business Considerations
The Scan and Print Making Process
Four Print Markets
Index 273
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