Mastering the Market: The State and the Grain Trade in Northern France, 1700-1860

Mastering the Market: The State and the Grain Trade in Northern France, 1700-1860

by Judith A. Miller
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521621291

ISBN-13: 9780521621298

Pub. Date: 04/28/2007

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The grain trade - a crucial sector of the French economy - caused enormous concern through-out the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Bread was the staple of French diets, so harvest shortfalls frequently triggered periods of unrest. The royal government had no effective means of drawing foodstuffs into restless cities during these times. Successive regimes…  See more details below

Overview

The grain trade - a crucial sector of the French economy - caused enormous concern through-out the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Bread was the staple of French diets, so harvest shortfalls frequently triggered periods of unrest. The royal government had no effective means of drawing foodstuffs into restless cities during these times. Successive regimes developed strategies to dominate the baking trades, influence prices along vital supply lines, and amass emergency stocks of grain that could meet months-long demand, as free-trade ideologies developed, French administrators at both the local and national levels sought to reconcile these ideologies with the perceived need to control the market. Miller draws on an extensive range of archival material from Parisian and Departmental sources to show that free trade in grain was rendered workable only through the French state's intervention.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521621298
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
04/28/2007
Pages:
356
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Abbreviations
Old Regime Weights and Measures for Wheat
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Two Crises: 1709 and 18531
Pt. 1The Market of the Enlightenment, 1720-178925
1The Structure of Mill and Market27
2Simulated Sales: Shaping Supply and Demand in the Old Regime Marketplace50
3Scripting "Free" Trade72
4Narrowing the Focus: Bakers and Bread, 1760-178993
Pt. 2Maximum: Feeding France in Revolution and War115
51789: Municipal Revolutions and the Origins of Radicalism116
6Unity and Interests134
7Re-creating the Market: Thermidor and the Directory163
Pt. 3The State Learns, 1800-1860197
8The Last Maximum: 1812198
9The Routines of the Restoration236
10Relinquishing Control: Bakers and the End of the Paris Reserve257
11The Market Mastered291
Archival sources301
Selected bibliography305
Index325

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