Math Essentials, Elementary School Level: Lessons and Activities for Test Preparation, Grades 3-5

Overview

Math Essentials, Elementary School Level gives elementary school teachers the tools they need to help prepare all types of students for mathematics testing in grades 3 through 5. Math Essentials highlights Dr. Thompson's proven approach to teaching math and covers 40 key objectives correlated to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards, including rounding whole numbers, finding equivalent fractions, multiplying two-digit whole numbers, solving word problems, interpreting line graphs, ...

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Overview

Math Essentials, Elementary School Level gives elementary school teachers the tools they need to help prepare all types of students for mathematics testing in grades 3 through 5. Math Essentials highlights Dr. Thompson's proven approach to teaching math and covers 40 key objectives correlated to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards, including rounding whole numbers, finding equivalent fractions, multiplying two-digit whole numbers, solving word problems, interpreting line graphs, identifying polygons, estimating length and volume, and understanding time.

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Michael Chabin
I found this book impossible to read. Part of the reason is the prose, as exemplified by this passage: "Some multistepped problems require students to actually compute to find the answer, whereas other multistepped problems focus on notation and require the students to set up the series of equations needed or to find a single equation that combines all the steps together." That is English. I can take it apart, but if I do, it is a lot less important than it sounds and suggests an ominous absence of careful editing. Part of the reason for this lack of oversight is the book's purpose. It seems to have been designed to help teachers prepare their students for standardized tests. For those of us who think elementary teachers should focus on helping their students prepare for algebra, that is disturbing. Part of the reason is the author's notion of math itself as a collection of ever more complex and arbitrary algorithms one memorizes with the help of diagrams that are (to a child, anyway) as complex as the notion they are supposed to illustrate. That mistake, while common among educators, is one no mathematician would make. There is no better demonstration of the split between the practice and teaching of mathematics that has served American children so badly. Reviewer: Michael Chabin
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780787988807
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/15/2006
  • Series: J-B Ed: Hands On , #28
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 1,223,994
  • Product dimensions: 8.54 (w) x 10.91 (h) x 1.07 (d)

Meet the Author

Frances McBroom Thompson, Ed.D. has taught mathematics at the junior and senior high school levels and has served as a K-12 mathematics specialist. She holds a B.S. in mathematics education from Abilene Christian University (Texas), a master's degree in mathematics from the University of Texas in Austin, and a doctoral degree in mathematics education from the University of Georgia at Athens. Dr. Thompson has published numerous articles and conducts workshops for teachers at the elementary and secondary levels.

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Table of Contents

Notes to the Teacher.

SECTION 1: NUMERATION AND NUMBER PROPERTIES.

Objectives.

1. Order three or more whole numbers up to ten thousands.

2. Identify odd and even whole numbers.

3. Form a generalization of the pattern found in a given ordered set (or sequence) of whole numbers, then generate more members of that set using that generalization.

4. Round whole numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousand.

5. Represent a proper fraction with various models (physical, pictorial).

6. Find equivalent fractions that are less than one.

7. Compare and order two proper fractions, using models (physical, pictorial).

8. Match numerals or number names of decimals involving tenths and hundredths with their equivalent word names (including mixed numbers).

Practice Test.

SECTION 2: COMPUTATIONAL ALGORITHMS AND ESTIMATION IN PROBLEM SOLVING.

Objectives.

1. Add or subtract whole numbers (two-digit to four-digit) to solve a word problem.

2. Multiply two-digit whole numbers by one-digit or two-digit whole numbers (as multipliers) to solve single-stepped word problems.

3. Divide two-digit or three-digit whole numbers by one-digit whole numbers (as divisors) to solve a single-stepped word problem.

4. Solve multistepped word problems, using addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division of whole numbers.

5. Estimate a solution to a word problem, using rounding and whole number addition with two or more addends.

6. Estimate a solution to a word problem, using rounding and subtraction of whole numbers.

7. Estimate a solution to a word problem, using rounding and multiplication of whole numbers.

8. Add or subtract four-digit decimals (tens to hundredths).

Practice Test.

SECTION 3: GRAPHING, STATISTICS, AND PROBABILITY.

Objectives.

1. Complete a two-column (or two-row) numerical table, using recognized patterns in the column (or row) entries, in order to solve word problems.

2. Identify a set of points on a number line, using greater than and less than.

3. Find the mean of a set of data.

4. Construct, interpret, and apply pictographs.

5. Construct, interpret, and apply (single) bar graphs.

6. Construct, interpret, and apply (broken) line graphs.

7. Use a pair of numbers to compare favorable outcomes to all possible outcomes of a single-staged experiment or situation, and identify which outcome has the greater chance of occurring.

8. Identify possible two-member or three-member outcomes of a situation (multistaged experiment without order).

Practice Test.

SECTION 4: GEOMETRY AND LOGICAL OR SPATIAL REASONING.

Objectives.

1. Make generalizations from geometric sets of examples and nonexamples.

2. Use reflections to identify planar shapes having a line of symmetry.

3. Identify congruent planar shapes by using rotations, reflections, or translations.

4. Identify polygons by their generic names.

5. Identify right, acute, and obtuse angles.

6. Describe rectangles (including squares) by their characteristics (sides, diagonals, angles).

7. Identify three-dimensional shapes (solids) by their names and  by specific characteristics, such as faces, vertices, or edges.

8. Apply logical reasoning to solve a word problem (with or without computation).

Practice Test.

SECTION 5: MEASUREMENT.

Objectives.

1. Estimate the length of an object, using an appropriate measuring unit (inch, foot, yard, millimeter, centimeter, meter).

2. Estimate the capacity of a container, using an appropriate measuring unit (milliliter, liter, cup, pint, quart, gallon).

3. Estimate the weight of an object, using an appropriate measuring unit (ounce, pound, gram, kilogram).

4. Define the relationship between two units of measure within the same system of measurement.

5. Solve problems that involve the passing of time and the notation for time shown on a clock.

6. Find and apply the perimeter of a rectangle to solve a word problem.

7. Find the area of a rectangular region.

8. Find or estimate the area of an irregular plane figure by counting square units or using the areas of rectangles.

Practice Test.

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