Max Delbruck and Cologne: An Early Chapter of German Molecular Biology

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The history of molecular biology in Germany is closely linked to the Institute of Genetics in Cologne, the first molecular biological Institute at a German university. Founded in 1959 by the émigré physicist and future Nobel laureate Max Delbrück, the Institute was the first in Germany to implement less hierarchical American organizational structures and research habits. The Institute had already gained an excellent international scientific reputation by the beginning of the 1960s.

This volume comprises the recollections of scientists pertaining to the Institute's research, organization and other specificities. Articles by historians of science analyze the historical background and international framework of the Institute's foundations and genetic research. In addition, the scientists discuss contemporary questions of science policy with regard to teaching and the impact of the internal structures of scientific institutions on the quality of research.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789812705471
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/28/2007
  • Language: German
  • Pages: 332
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface     V
Introduction     1
A Brief Review of the Early History of Genetics and Its Relationship to Physics and Chemistry   Ute Deichmann     3
First Initiatives, Concept, Founding and Crisis     19
Founding and Crisis   Simone Wenkel     21
Die erste Zeit   Carsten Bresch     39
The New Start   Peter Starlinger     48
Building Molecular Biology in Post-War Europe: between the Atomic Age and the American Challenge   Bruno J. Strasser     58
Beitrag zur Gedenkfeier fur Max Delbruck   Joseph Straub     66
Niels Bohr's Last Lecture - An Introduction   Gunther S. Stent     75
Light and Life Revisited   Niels Bohr     77
The Beginnings     85
Working with Max Delbruck   Charles N. David     87
Recollections   Hans G. Zachau     94
How Chemistry Met Genetics   Horst Feldmann     102
Eindrucke eines Doktoranden   Fritz Melchers     108
The Institute's Impact on Neighbouring Disciplines   Georg Michaelis     122
Life with Bacteriophages   Thomas A. Trautner     128
Views from Outside     131
View from (Cologne) Physics   Bernhard Muhlschlegel     133
In the Smog of Genetics: Biochemistry in Cologne - My Version of History   Lothar Jaenicke     136
History and Fate of a Similar Concept: the Biology Division of the Southwest Center for Advanced Studies in Dallas   Hans Bremer     144
TMV in Tubingen and Its Escapade with Genetics   Karl-Wolfgang Mundry     150
Research and Scientific Collaboration     157
Molecular Virology and Medical Genetics at the Institute of Genetics in Cologne, 1972-2002   Walter Doerfler     159
T4 Hets and Five Floors to Hang Around   Rainer Hertel     178
The Long Way from Glucose Effects in Bacteria to (Systems-) Biology   Joseph W. Lengeler     183
Attempts to Transfer Lab Structure and Scientific Habits from Harvard to Cologne   Benno Muller-Hill     197
Joining the Institute of Genetics Early on as an Immunologist   Klaus Rajewsky     204
Early Years of Transposon Research in Cologne   Heinz Saedler     212
Molecular Biology and the German University Structure     217
Panel Discussion   Hermann Bujard   Walter Doerfler   Klaus Rajewsky   chair: Maria Leptin      219
Establishment and Teaching of Molecular Biology in Germany     247
Panel Discussion   Charles N. David   Jonathan Howard   Hubert Kneser   Peter Overath   chair: Benno Muller-Hill     249
Final Remarks     269
Science and Society   Peter Starlinger     271
Pictures of the History Workshop in Cologne in April 2005     278
Notes on the Contributors     289
Abbreviations     307
Figure Sources     309
Index of Names     311
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