Maxim Gorky

Overview

Maxim Gorky, born Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov in 1868 to the low stratum of Russian society, rose to prominence early in life as a writer and publicist. Gorky, who did not have a formal education, became famous in his country and abroad. Writing could not satisfy the rebellious Gorky who soon became involved in revolutionary movements. After a short period with the populist/narodnik movement, Gorky became disillusioned with the peasant class, and, instead, he chose the nascent class of workers as the vehicle for ...

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Overview

Maxim Gorky, born Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov in 1868 to the low stratum of Russian society, rose to prominence early in life as a writer and publicist. Gorky, who did not have a formal education, became famous in his country and abroad. Writing could not satisfy the rebellious Gorky who soon became involved in revolutionary movements. After a short period with the populist/narodnik movement, Gorky became disillusioned with the peasant class, and, instead, he chose the nascent class of workers as the vehicle for change. It is as if Gorky and capitalism arrived in Russia together. In his view the intelligentsia and the workers would bring about the change in the political, social, and cultural life of the country.

Gorky came close to Lenin and the Bolsheviks, taking an active part in the Revolution of 1905 and going into an exile that lasted until 1913. Gorky, returning home on the eve of World War I and the following revolutions of February and October 1917, became involved in the momentous developments. He vehemently opposed Lenin's socialist revolution, maintaining that Russia was not ready for it. A second exile followed in 1921. After returning in 1928 to Stalin's Soviet Union, Gorky was made into an icon, with the eye of the inquisition watching over him. And here began what is often called The Tragedy of Maxim Gorky. He died in 1936, but the circumstances of his death as well as the question whither Gorky is still debated Based on hitherto unavailable primary sources, Yedlin has cut through the Gorky legend to show the real person, the Gorky of contradictions and oscillations. Fascinating reading for scholars and students of Russian history and literature as well as the general public.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275966058
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/30/1999
  • Pages: 276
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

TOVAH YEDLIN is Professor Emerita in the Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies and the Division of Slavic and East European Studies, University of Alberta, Canada.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Ch. 1 Gorky - The Formative Years 1
Ch. 2 The Successful Writer and the Fledgling Revolutionary 25
Ch. 3 Gorky and the Revolution of 1905 45
Ch. 4 Gorky's Mission to the United States 67
Ch. 5 Capri 83
Ch. 6 War and Revolution 103
Ch. 7 Gorky, 1921-1928 147
Ch. 8 Gorky, 1928-1936: The Last Years 177
Ch. 9 Gorky: For and Against 227
Glossary and Abbreviations 233
Chronology of Gorky's Life 237
Selected Bibliography 241
Index 249
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