The McGraw-Hill Reader: Issues Across the Disciplines / Edition 12

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Overview

Approaching a liberal arts tradition in the classroom, across the curriculum, and beyond, The McGraw-Hill Reader offers rich and diverse readings in education, the social sciences, business and economics, the humanities, and the sciences. This new eleventh edition offers a new focus on reading and composing across various media; it includes over 100 selections from prominent thinkers and writers; each essay was chosen to provoke critical thought and encourage effective writing.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073405988
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 1/11/2013
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 12
  • Pages: 896
  • Sales rank: 61,968
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Gilbert H. Muller, who received a Ph.D. in English and American Literature from Stanford University, is currently professor of English and Special Assistant to the President at the LaGuardia campus of the City University of New York. He has also taught at Stanford University, Vassar College, and several universities overseas. Dr. Muller is the author of the award-winning Nightmares and Visions: Flannery O’Connor and the Catholic Grotesque, Chester Himes , and other critical studies. His essays and reviews have appeared in The New York Times, The New Republic, The Nation, The Sewanee Review, The Georgia Review, and elsewhere. He is also a noted author and editor of textbooks in English and composition, including The Short Prose Reader with Harvey Wiener, and with John A Williams, The McGraw-Hill Introduction to Literature, Bridges: Literature across Cultures, and Ways In: Reading and Writing about Literature. Among Dr. Muller’s awards are National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships, a Fulbright Fellowship, and a Mellon Fellowship.
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Table of Contents

PART 1 AN OVERVIEW OF COLLEGE WRITING
Chapter 1 Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing

Steps to Reading Critically and Actively

Preparing to Read

Critical Reading

Annotating

Note Taking

Questioning the Text

Beyond Content: Focusing on Process

Paraphrasing, Summarizing, Quoting

Paraphrasing

Summarizing

Quoting

Avoiding Plagiarism

Synthesis: Drawing Connections from Texts

Case Study for Synthesis: How Do Writers Influence Each Other?

VIRGINIA WOOLF, The Death of the Moth

ANNIE DILLARD, Death of a Moth

Reading and Analyzing Visual Texts

Classic and Contemporary Images: How Do We Communicate?

JOE ROSENTHAL, Marines Raising the Flag at Iwo Jima

THOMAS E. FRANKLIN, Firefighters Raising the Flag at Ground Zero

The Writing Process

Prewriting

Drafting

Student Essay: JAMIE TAYLOR, Cultist Behavior or Doltish Behavior?

Revising

Responding to Editorial Comments

A Portfolio on Writing and Communication

MORTIMER J. ADLER, How to Mark a Book

AMY TAN, Mother Tongue

PETER ELBOW, Freewriting

DONALD M. MURRAY, The Maker’s Eye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts

JOHN HOCKENBERRY, The Blogs of War

DEBORAH TANNEN, Sex, Lies, and Conversation: Why Is It So Hard for Men and Women to Talk to Each Other?

GEORGE ORWELL, Politics and the English Language
Chapter 2 Reading and Writing Effective Arguments

The Language of Argument

The Test of Justification

Reading and Analyzing Argument

Understanding Claims and Warrants

Reasoning from Evidence

Thinking Critically about Arguments

The Purpose of Argumentation

Appeals to Reason, Emotion, and Ethics

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, The Gettysburg Address

Writing Powerful Arguments

Identify an Issue

Take a Stand and Clarify Your Claim

Analyze Your Audience

Establish Your Tone

Develop and Organize the Grounds for Your Claim

Gather and Evaluate Your Evidence

Consider Your Warrants

Deal with Opposing Viewpoints

Argumentative Synthesis

Critique

Guidelines for Argumentative Synthesis

Case Study: MySpace: Friend or Foe?

WADE ROUSH, Fakesters

ELLEN LEE, Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing

GREG PIVARNIK, MySpace Is Not Responsible for Your Kids

A Portfolio on Argumentation

Classic and Contemporary Images: What Is an Argument?

FRANCISCO DE GOYA, The Third of May, 1808

EDDIE ADAMS, Police Chief Brigadier General

Classic and Contemporary Essays: How Do We Argue?

H. L. MENCKEN, The Penalty of Death

CORETTA SCOTT KING, The Death Penalty Is a Step Back

DEBATE: ANIMAL RESEARCH: IS IT ETHICAL?

HELOISA SABIN, Animal Research Saves Human Lives

JANE GOODALL, A Question of Ethics

DEBATE: THE PATRIOT ACT: SHOULD WE SACRIFICE CIVIL LIBERTIES FOR SECURITY?

RICHARD A. POSNER, Security versus Civil Liberties

ELAINE SCARRY, Acts of Resistance

PAUL ROSENZWEIG, Face Facts: Patriot Act Aids Security, Not Abuse

ISHMAEL REED, The Patriot Act of the 18th Century
Chapter 3 Writing a Research Paper

Research Writing: Preconceptions and Practice

The Research Process

Phase 1: Defining Your Objective

Phase 2: Locating Your Sources

Phase 3: Gathering and Organizing Data

Phase 4: Writing and Submitting the Paper

Documenting Sources

Sample Student Paper (MLA Style)

A Portolio of Professional Research Papers

Humanities: LAURA JOHNSON DAHLKE, Plath’s “Lady Lazarus”

Social Sciences: JON B. GOULD, Playing with Fire: The Civil Liberties Implications of September 11th

Science and Medicine: CARA B. EBBELING, et. al, Compensation for Energy Intake from Fast Food among Overweight and Lean Adolescents
PART 2 ISSUES ACROSS THE DISCIPLINES
Chapter 4 Education and Society: How, What, and Why Do We Learn?

Classic and Contemporary Images: Does Education Change Over Time?

Zoology Lab, Oberlin College, 1890s

TOM STEWART, Food Science Lab, University of Maine, 1990s

Classic and Contemporary Essays: What Is the Value of Education?

FREDERICK DOUGLASS, Learning to Read and Write

RICHARD RODRIGUEZ, The Lonely, Good Company of Books

TIMOTHY EGAN, Little Asia on the Hill

ANNA QUINDLEN, Sex Ed

DAVID GELERNTER, Unplugged: The Myth of Computers in the Classroom

SUSAN JACOBY, When Bright Girls Decide that Math Is “A Waste of Time”

CLAYBORNE CARSON, Two Cheers for Brown v. Board of Education

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 5 Family Roles and Gender Roles: How Do We Become Who We Are?

Classic and Contemporary Images: How Do We Respond to Marriage?

PIETER BRUEGHEL THE YOUNGER, Rustic Wedding

ELISE AMENDOLA, Gay Marriage

Classic and Contemporary Essays: How Much Do Families Matter?

E. B. WHITE, Once More to the Lake

BARBARA KINGSOLVER, Stone Soup

ANNIE DILLARD, An American Childhood

DAVID BROOKS, Love, Internet Style

RICHARD RODRIGUEZ, Family Values

JULIA ALVAREZ, Third Time's the Charm

FATEMA MERNISSI, Digital Scheherazades in the Arab World

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 6 History, Culture, and Civilization: Are We Citizens of the World?

Classic and Contemporary Images: How Do We Become Americans?

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE HISTORIAN, Medical Exam of Male Immigrants, 1907

ASSOCIATED PRESS, Illegal Immigrants Crossing the Border between Guatemala and Mexico, 1999

Classic and Contemporary Essays: Are We Heading toward a World Culture?

OLIVER GOLDSMITH, National Prejudices

ISHMAEL REED, America: The Multinational Society

JUDITH ORTIZ COFER, The Myth of the Latin Woman: I Just Met a Girl Named Maria

LESLIE MARMON SILKO, Yellow Woman and a Beauty of the Spirit

AMARTYA SEN, A World Not Neatly Divided

EDWARD SAID, Andalusia's Journey

EDWARD T. HALL, The Arab World

RONALD TAKAKI, Strangers from a Distant Shore

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 7 Government, Politics, and Social Justice: How Do We Decide What Is Fair?

Classic and Contemporary Images: Have We Made Progress in Civil Rights?

Advertisement, Slaves for Sale, 1835

Photograph, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Admirer, 1966

Classic and Contemporary Essays: What Is the American Dream?

THOMAS JEFFERSON, The Declaration of Independence

MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., I Have a Dream

MOLLY IVINS, Is Texas America?

ESTHER DYSON, Cyberspace: If You Don’t Love It, Leave It

NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI, The Circle of Governments

BRUCE CATTON, Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts

BHARATI MUKHERJEE, American Dreamer

JAMES BALDWIN, Stranger in the Village

ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE, Some Reflections on American Manners

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 8 Business and Economics: How Do We Earn Our Keep?

Classic and Contemporary Images: Will Workers Be Displaced by Machines?

DIEGO RIVERA, Portion of a Mural from the Detroit Institute of Arts

GEORGE HALING, Chrysler Assembly Line

Classic and Contemporary Essays: Does Equal Opportunity Exist?

VIRGINIA WOOLF, Professions for Women

HENRY LOUIS GATES, JR., Delusions of Grandeur

LIZA FEATHERSTONE, Manna from Hell

P.J. O'ROURKE, Mapping Innovation

THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN, Globalization: The Super-Story

BARBARA EHRENREICH, Nickel and Dimed

ROBERT REICH, Why the Rich Are Getting Richer, and the Poor, Poorer

JONATHAN SWIFT, A Modest Proposal

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 9 Media and Popular Culture: What Is the Message?

Classic and Contemporary Images: What Do Gangster Films Reveal about Us?

Edward G. Robinson in Little Caesar, 1930

James Gandolfini in The Sopranos, 2000

Classic and Contemporary Essays: Why Are We Fascinated by Gangsters?

ROBERT WARSHOW, The Gangster as Tragic Hero

ELLEN WILLIS, Our Mobsters, Ourselves: Why The Sopranos Is Therapeutic TV

RITA DOVE, Loose Ends

HENRY LOUIS GATES, JR, 2 Live Crew, Decoded

STEPHEN KING, My Creature from the Black Lagoon

DAVE BARRY, Red, White, and Beer

GLORIA STEINEM, Wonder Woman

TODD GITLIN, Supersaturation, or, The Media Torrent and Disposable Feeling

DEBORAH ROSS, Escape from Wonderland: Disney and the Female Imagination

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 10 Literature and the Arts: Why Do They Matter?

(4-COLOR INSERT)

Classic and Contemporary Essays: How Do We Know It’s Good?

E. M. FORSTER, Not Looking at Pictures

FRANCINE PROSE, The Universal in Particular

LINDA HOGAN, Hearing Voices

MARGARET ATWOOD, Orwell and Me

SUSAN SONTAG, Regarding the Torture of Others

LANCE MORROW, Imprisoning Time in a Rectangle

ALICE WALKER, Saving the Life That Is Your Own: The Importance of Models in the Artist’s Life

NED ROREM, The Beatles

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 11 Philosophy, Ethics, and Religion: What Do We Believe?

Classic and Contemporary Images: Do We Believe in Good and Evil?

Angel and Mortal, Islamic Art from India

JACOB EPSTEIN, St. Michael and the Devil

Classic and Contemporary Essays: Is Superstition a Form of Belief?

MARGARET MEAD, New Superstitions for Old

LETTY COTTIN POGREBIN, Superstitious Minds

ROBERT COLES, I Listen to My Parents and I Wonder What They Believe

LANGSTON HUGHES, Salvation

KAREN ARMSTRONG, What's God Got to Do with It?

VACLAV HAVEL, The Divine Revolution

PLATO, The Allegory of the Cave

SALMAN RUSHDIE, November 2001: Not about Islam?

C. S. LEWIS, The Rival Conceptions of God

STEPHEN L. CARTER, The Culture of Disbelief

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 12 Health and Medicine: What Are the Challenges?

Classic and Contemporary Images: What Does Medical Research Teach Us?

REMBRANDT, The Anatomy Lesson of Professor Nicolaes Tulp

ASSOCIATED PRESS, Conjoined Twins

Classic and Contemporary Essays: Can We Avoid Epidemics?

BARBARA TUCHMAN, “This Is the End of the World”: The Black Death

RONALD J. GLASSER, We Are Not Immune

ELLEN GOODMAN, I Worked Hard for That Furrowed Brow

MARTHA MENDOZA, Between a Woman and Her Doctor

STEPHEN J. GOULD, The Terrifying Normalcy of AIDS

ATUL GAWANDE, The Man Who Couldn't Stop Eating

RICHARD SELZER, Sarcophagus

SUSAN BORDO, The Globalization of Eating Disorders

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 13 Nature and the Environment: How Do We Relate to the Natural World?

Classic and Contemporary Images: Are We Destroying Our Natural World?

JOHN FREDERICK KENSETT, Along the Hudson

DAMIAN DOVARGANES, Los Angeles, 2004

Classic and Contemporary Essays: Do We Own Nature?

CHIEF SEATTLE, Letter to President Pierce, 1855

BARRY LOPEZ, The Stone Horse

RICK BASS, Why I Hunt

N. SCOTT MOMADAY, The Way to Rainy Mountain

BILL McKIBBEN, The Environmental Issue from Hell

RACHEL CARSON, The Obligation to Endure

ALICE WALKER, Am I Blue?

NOEL PERRIN, The Greenest Campuses: An Idiosyncratic Guide

JARED DIAMOND, The Last Americans: Environmental Collapse and the End of Civilization

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking
Chapter 14 Science and Technology: What Can Science Teach Us?

Classic and Contemporary Images: Where Is Science Taking Us?

Flemish School, The Movements of the Sun and Moon, Fifteenth Century

J. HESTER and P. SCOWEN, Photograph of Gaseous Pillars Taken From the Hubble Space Telescope, 1995

Classic and Contemporary Essays: How Has Nature Evolved?

CHARLES DARWIN, Natural Selection

NATALIE ANGIER, Of Altruism, Heroism and Nature’s Gifts in the Face of Terror

DAVID SEDARIS, Nutcracker.com

SHERRY TURKLE, How Computers Change the Way We Think

CARL SAGAN, Can We Know the Universe? Reflections on a Grain of Salt

DINESH D’SOUZA, Staying Human

OLIVER SACKS, Anbody Out There?

TERRY TEMPEST WILLIAMS, The Clan of One-Breasted Women

Synthesis: Connections for Critical Thinking

Glossary of Terms

Acknowledgments

Index
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