MCTS 70-643 Exam Cram: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring [NOOK Book]


MCTS Exam Cram

Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring

Exam 70-643

Patrick Regan

Covers the critical information you’ll need to know to score higher on Exam 70-643!

Administer Windows Server 2008 and Core Server using...

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MCTS 70-643 Exam Cram: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring

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MCTS Exam Cram

Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring

Exam 70-643

Patrick Regan

Covers the critical information you’ll need to know to score higher on Exam 70-643!

Administer Windows Server 2008 and Core Server using the Control Panel, Computer Management Console, Server Management Console, and other system tools

Install roles and features in Windows Server 2008

Use Windows Deployment Services to centrally manage the entire deployment process in any Windows environment

Implement secure, reliable infrastructure for deploying websites and services

Efficiently configure and manage disks, volumes, partitions, and server clusters

Ensure high availability in production environments

Configure Terminal Services RemoteApp, Gateway, load balancing, resources, licensing, client connections, and server options

Configure Windows Media Server and Digital Rights Management to deliver audio and video content

Deploy virtual machines using Hyper-V and Microsoft’s other virtualization solutions

Run Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services to provide effective collaboration


Patrick Regan, MCSE, MCSA, MCITP, MCT, A+, Network+, Server+, Linux+, Security+, CTT+, CCNA, CNE, has been a PC technician and network administrator/ engineer for 13 years. Regan has conducted formal and informal training as an IT administrator at Heald Colleges and a product support engineer for Intel. He has received Heald Colleges’ Teacher of the Year award and several awards from Intel. He is currently a senior network engineer at Pacific Coast Companies, where he supports 160 servers and 70 sites. Regan is the author of several books, including MCTS 70-620 Exam Cram: Microsoft Windows Vista, Configuring; IT Essentials: PC Hardware and Software Labs and Study Guide, Third Edition; and Troubleshooting the PC with A+ Preparation, Third Edition.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780768686456
  • Publisher: Pearson Education
  • Publication date: 9/25/2008
  • Series: Exam Cram
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 480
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

Patrick Regan has been a PC technician, network administrator/engineer, design architect, and security analyst for the past 16 years after graduating with a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Akron. He has taught many computer and network classes at local Sacramento colleges (Heald Colleges and MTI Colleges) and participated in and led many projects (Heald Colleges, Intel Corporation, Miles Consulting Corporation, and Pacific Coast Companies). For his teaching accomplishments, he received the Teacher of the Year award from Heald Colleges, and he has received several recognition awards from Intel. Previously, he worked as a product support engineer for the Intel Corporation Customer Service, as a senior network engineer for Virtual Alert supporting the BioTerrorism Readiness suite, and as a senior design architect/engineer and training coordinator for Miles Consulting Corp (MCC), a premiere Microsoft Gold partner and consulting firm. He is currently a senior network engineer at Pacific Coast Companies supporting a large enterprise network.

He holds many certifications, including the Microsoft MCSE, MCSA, MCITP, MCT; CompTIA’s A+, Network+, Server+, Linux+, Security+ and CTT+; Cisco CCNA; and Novell’s CNE and CWNP Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA).

Over the last several years, he has written several textbooks for Prentice Hall Publisher, including Troubleshooting the PC, Networking with Windows 2000 and 2003, Linux, Local Area Networks, Wide Area Networks, and the Acing Series (Acing the A+, Acing the Network+, Acing the Security+, and Acing the Linux+). He has also co-authored the ExamCram 70-290 MCSA/MCSE Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, 2nd Edition ExamCram and written 70-620 MCSA/MCSE TS: Microsoft Windows Vista, Configuring and the Exam Cram 70-642: Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure, Configuring. In addition, he has completed the study guides for the A+ certification exams for Cisco Press.

You can write with questions and comments to the author at (Because of the high volume of mail, every message might not receive a reply.)

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Self-Assessment 23

Chapter 1: Managing Windows Server 2008 37

Server Roles 38

Windows Features 41

Configuring and Managing Windows 44

Control Panel 44

Administrative Tools 46

Server Manager 47

Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor 48

Initial Configuration Tasks 50

Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) 51

Windows Server 2008 Administration Tools for Roles 51

Windows Server 2008 Administration Tools for Features 52

Server Core 52

Shutting and Restarting Server Core 54

Available Control Panel Applets 54

Changing Computer Names and Joining Domains 55

Configuring the Network Connection 56

Running the Administrative Tools 56

Other Useful Tools and Options 57

Exam Prep Questions 59

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 61

Need to Know More? 63

Chapter 2: Windows Deployment and Activation 65

Disk Cloning and the System Preparation Tool 66

Deploying Windows with WIM Images 67

Installing Windows Using Windows System Image Manager 69

Windows Deployment Services 71

Image Types 71

Connecting to a WDS Server 72

Installing Windows Deployment Services 73

Configuring Windows Deployment Services 74

Creating a Captured Image 79

Multicast Support in WDS 81

Discover Images 82

Prestage Client Computers 83

Windows Activation 84

Activation Overview 84

Key Management Services 85

KMS Publishing to DNS 87

Activating Clients Using KMS Activation 89

Volume Activation Management Tool 91

Installing the Volume Activation Management Tool 91

Adding Computers to VAMT 92

Performing MAK Independent Activation 94

Performing MAK Proxy Activation 95

Configure Computers for KMS Activation 96

Perform Local Reactivation 97

Adding Windows Multiple Activation Keys 98

Managing VAMT Data 99

Exam Prep Questions 100

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 103

Need to Know More? 105

Chapter 3: Windows Server 2008 Storage 107

IDE and SCSI Drives 108

Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) 108

Network-Attached Storage (NAS) and Storage Area Networks (SAN) 110

Fibre Channel 110

iSCSI 112

Configuring the iSCSI Initiators 114

Storage Explorer 117

Storage Manager for SANs 117

Disk Partitioning 119

Disk Storage Management 120

Basic Disks 120

Dynamic Disks 121

Managing Basic Disks and Dynamic Disks 121

Moving Disks to Another Computer 127

Basic Partitions 128

Dynamic Volumes 129

Simple Volumes 130

Spanned Volumes 130

Extending Simple or Spanned Volumes 131

Striped Volumes 132

Mirrored Volumes and RAID-5 Volumes 133

Mount Points 138

Exam Prep Questions 139

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 142

Need to Know More? 144

Chapter 4: Web Services Infrastructure and Security 145

Web Pages 146

IIS Manager 7.0 147

Using the Configuration Store 148

Using the Connections Pane and Toolbar 150

Starting or Stopping the Web Server 150

Creating Websites 151

Adding a Virtual Directory 152

Using Applications and Application Pools 153

Recycling a Worker Process 155

Configuring IIS 7.0 with IIS Manager 156

Compression 157

Default Documents and Directory Listings 158

Handlers and Modules 159

Configuring IIS Settings Using the appcmd Commands 163

Deploying an ASP.NET Web Application Using xcopy 170

IIS Security 172

URL Authorization Rules 172

Authentication 174

Secure Sockets Layer and Digital Certificates 175

Machine Key 180

Delegate Permissions 180

ASP.NET Code Access Security 182

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) 183

Shared Configuration 188

IIS 7.0 Backup 188

File Transfer Protocol 189

WMI Command-Line Tool 191

Troubleshooting IIS Problems 191

Logging 191

Failed Request Tracing 192

Viewing Worker Processes 195

Exam Prep Questions 198

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 204

Need to Know More? 207

Chapter 5: Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 209

Installing and Configuring WSS 211

Planning SharePoint Services 212

Installing SharePoint Services 213

Upgrading SharePoint Services 213

SharePoint Products and Technology Configuration Wizard 214

SharePoint 3.0 Central Administration 215

Operations Settings 215

Application Management Settings 221

Using the Psconfig.exe Command-Line Tool 231

Using the Stsadm Command 232

Managing WSS Sites 233

Users, Groups, and Permissions 234

Recycle Bin 236

Document Library 237

Workflows 239

Troubleshooting WSS 241

Exam Prep Questions 242

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 246

Need to Know More? 248

Chapter 6: Windows Media Server 249

Streaming Media 250

Multiple Bit Rate Streaming (MBR) 251

TCP Versus UDP 251

Unicast Versus Multicast 252

Data Transfer Protocols 252

Installing Windows Media Services 254

Implementing Content Streaming 255

Content Streaming Features 256

Implementing On-Demand Publishing 257

Live Content Streaming 260

Publishing Point Properties 261

Announcement Files 262

SMIL-Based Playlists 262

Advertisements for Publishing Points 262

Security in Windows Media Server 263

Troubleshooting Windows Media Services 264

Digital Rights Management (DRM) 265

Exam Prep Questions 267

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 269

Need to Know More? 270

Chapter 7: High Availability 271

Hardware Redundancy 272

Hot-Add and Hot-Replace Memory and Processors 273

Failover Clustering 273

Failover Clustering System Requirements 275

Installing the Failover Clustering Feature 276

Using the Cluster Validation Tests 276

Creating the Cluster 278

Configuring the Cluster 280

Changing Active Nodes 282

Cluster Network Role and Type 283

Verifying that an IP Address Resource Can Come Online 283

Cluster Resources 284

Quorum Configuration 285

Owners and Failback 286

Troubleshooting Cluster Issues 287

Network Load Balancing 288

NLB Options 289

Installing and Configuring NLB 290

Stopping or Starting Handling Network Load Balancing Cluster Traffic 294

Exam Prep Questions 296

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 299

Need to Know More? 300

Chapter 8: Terminal Services 301

Remote Desktop 303

Remote Desktop for Server Core 303

Remote Desktop Connection 304

Using the mstsc Command: 306

The Remote Desktop Protocol File 307

Using Group Policies with RDC 307

Remote Desktops Snap-In 308

Licensing 309

License Management System 309

License Server Discovery and User-Based License Tracking 312

Migrating Licenses 312

Troubleshooting License Issues 313

Configuring and Managing Terminal Services 313

Using Terminal Services Command-Line Tools 318

Single Sign-On 319

TS Remote Applications 320

TS Web Access 322

TS Gateway 324

Installing TS Gateway 325

Connection Authorization and Resource
Authorization Policies 325

Monitoring TS Gateway 328

Group Policy Settings for TS Gateway 329

Load Balancing Terminal Servers 329

Configuring Network Load Balancing with Terminal Servers 329

TS Session Broker 330

Terminal Server Profiles 332

Terminal Services Printing 333

Managing Terminal Services by Using Windows System Resource Manager 334

Creating Resource Allocation Policies 334

Running Managing State or Profiling State 335

Importing and Exporting Criteria and Resource Allocation Policies 336

Exam Prep Questions 337

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 342

Need to Know More? 344

Chapter 9: Virtual Machines 347

Hyper-V Overview 348

Hyper-V Features 348

Supported Client Operating Systems 349

Hyper-V Architecture 350

Virtual Server File Structure 351

Installing Hyper-V 352

Managing Virtual Servers 353

Using Vmconnect.exe to Connect to a Virtual Machine 354

System Center Virtual Machine Manager 354

Creating Virtual Machines 355

Managing Virtual Machines 357

Dynamically Expanded and Fixed Virtual Hard Disks 357

Snapshots 358

Differencing Disk 359

Save States 360

Managing Virtual Networks and Network Cards 360

Virtual LAN Identification 364

Using High-Availability Features 364

Managing Server Core and Hyper-V 365

Exam Prep Questions 366

Answers to Exam Prep Questions 368

Need to Know More? 369

Chapter 10: Practice Exam 1 371

Chapter 11: Answers to Practice Exam 1 385

Answers at a Glance 385

Answers with Explanations 386

Chapter 12: Practice Exam 2 395

Chapter 13: Answers to Practice Exam 2 411

Answers at a Glance 411

Answers with Explanations 412

Glossary 427

Index 443

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Welcome to the 70-643 Exam Cram! Whether this book is your first or your 15th Exam Cram series book, you'll find information here that will help ensure your success as you pursue knowledge, experience, and certification. This book aims to help you get ready to take and pass the Microsoft certification exam "TS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring" (Exam 70-643). After you pass this exam, you will earn the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008 Applications certification.

This introduction explains Microsoft's certification programs in general and talks about how the Exam Cram series can help you prepare for Microsoft's latest certification exams. Then Chapters 1 through 9 are designed to remind you of everything you'll need to know to pass the 70-643 certification exam. The two sample tests at the end of the book (Chapters 10 through 13) should give you a reasonably accurate assessment of your knowledge and, yes, we've provided the answers and their explanations for these sample tests. Read the book, understand the material, and you'll stand a very good chance of passing the real test.

Exam Cram books help you understand and appreciate the subjects and materials you need to know to pass Microsoft certification exams. Exam Cram books are aimed strictly at test preparation and review. They do not teach you everything you need to know about a subject. Instead, the author streamlines and highlights the pertinent information by presenting and dissecting the questions and problemshe's discovered that you're likely to encounter on a Microsoft test.

Nevertheless, to completely prepare yourself for any Microsoft test, we recommend that you begin by taking the "Self Assessment" that is included in this book, immediately following this introduction. The self-assessment tool helps you evaluate your knowledge base against the requirements for becoming a Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) and will be the first step in earning more advanced certifications, including Microsoft's IT Professional and Professional Developer (MCITP and MCPD) and Architect (MCA).

Based on what you learn from the self assessment, you might decide to begin your studies with classroom training or some background reading. On the other hand, you might decide to pick up and read one of the many study guides available from Microsoft or third-party vendors. We also recommend that you supplement your study program with visits to to receive additional practice questions, get advice, and track the Windows certification programs.

This book also offers you an added bonus of access to Exam Cram practice tests online. This software simulates the Microsoft testing environment with similar types of questions to those you're likely to see on the actual Microsoft exam. We also strongly recommend that you install, configure, and play around with the Microsoft Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. Nothing beats hands-on experience and familiarity when it comes to understanding the questions you're likely to encounter on a certification test. Book learning is essential, but without a doubt, hands-on experience is the best teacher of all!

The Microsoft Certification Program

Microsoft currently offers multiple certification titles, each of which boasts its own special abbreviation. (As a certification candidate and computer professional, you need to have a high tolerance for acronyms.)

The certification for end-users is

  • Microsoft Office Specialists: For professionals recognized for demonstrating advanced skills with Microsoft desktop software (including Microsoft Office).

The older certifications associated with the Windows Server 2003 operating system and related network infrastructure are

  • Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP): For professionals who have the skills to successfully implement Microsoft products (such as Windows XP or Windows Server 2003) or technology as part of a business solution in an organization.

  • Microsoft Certified Desktop Support Technician (MCDST): For professionals who have the technical and customer service skills to troubleshoot hardware and software operation issues in Microsoft Windows environments.

  • Microsoft Certified Systems Administrators (MCSA): For professionals who administer network and systems environments based on the Microsoft Windows operating systems. Specializations include MCSA: Messaging and MCSA: Security.

  • Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE): For professionals who design and implement an infrastructure solution that is based on the Windows operating system and Microsoft Windows Server System software. Specializations include MCSE: Messaging and MCSE: Security.

The newer certifications that are based on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and related server products are

  • Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS): For professionals who target specific technologies and distinguish themselves by demonstrating in-depth knowledge and expertise in the various Microsoft specialized technologies. The MCTS is a replacement for the MCP program.

  • Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP): For professionals who demonstrate comprehensive skills in planning, deploying, supporting, maintaining, and optimizing IT infrastructures. The MCITP is a replacement for the MCSA and MCSE programs.

  • Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA): For professionals who are identified as top industry experts in IT architecture and who use multiple technologies to solve business problems and provide business metrics and measurements. Candidates for the MCA program are required to present to a review board—consisting of previously certified architects—to earn the certification.

For those who want to become or who are database professionals, the following certifications are based on the Microsoft SQL Server products:

  • Microsoft Certified Database Administrators (MCDBA): For professionals who design, implement, and administer Microsoft SQL Server databases.

For developers and programmers, the following certifications are based on the Microsoft .NET Framework and Visual Studio products:

  • Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD): For professionals who are recognized as expert Windows Application Developers, Web Application Developers, or Enterprise Applications Developers. They demonstrate that you can build rich applications that target a variety of platforms such as the Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0.

  • Microsoft Certified Application Developers (MCAD): For professionals who use Microsoft technologies to develop and maintain department-level applications, components, web or desktop clients, or back-end data services.

For trainers and curriculum developers, the following certifications are available:

  • Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT): For qualified instructors who are certified by Microsoft to deliver Microsoft training courses to IT professionals and developers.

  • Microsoft Certified Learning Consultant (MCLC): Recognizes MCTs whose job roles have grown to include frequent consultative engagements with their customers and who are experts in delivering customized learning solutions that positively affect customer return on investment (ROI).

In 2008, Microsoft introduced two advanced certifications. The Master certifications identify individuals with the deepest technical skills available on a particular Microsoft product such as Windows Server 2008, Exchange 2007, and SQL Server 2008. To achieve Master certification, candidates must attend several required sessions, successfully complete all in-class (written and lab) exams, and successfully complete a qualification lab exam.

The highest level certification is the Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA) program focusing on IT architecture. Microsoft Certified Architects have proven experience with delivering solutions and can communicate effectively with business, architecture, and technology professionals. These professionals have three or more years of advanced IT architecture experience and possess strong technical and leadership skills. Candidates are required to pass a rigorous Review Board interview conducted by a panel of experts.

The best place to keep tabs on all Microsoft certifications is the following website:

Microsoft changes their website often, so if this URL does not work in the future, you should use the Search tool on Microsoft's site to find more information on a particular certification.

Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist

Technology Specialist certifications enable professionals to target specific technologies and to distinguish themselves by demonstrating in-depth knowledge and expertise in their specialized technologies. Microsoft Technology Specialists are consistently capable of implementing, building, troubleshooting, and debugging a particular Microsoft technology.

At the time of the writing of this book, there are 28 Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certifications:

Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2008, Business Intelligence Development and Maintenance

Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2008, Database Development

Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2008, Implementation and Maintenance

Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 3.5, Windows Presentation Foundation Applications

Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 3.5, Windows Communication Foundation Applications

Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 3.5, Windows Workflow Foundation Applications

Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 2.0, Web Applications

Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 2.0, Windows Applications

Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 2.0, Distributed Applications

Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2005

Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2005, Business Intelligence

Technology Specialist: BizTalk Server 2006

Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office Project Server 2007, Enterprise Project Management

Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office Project 2007, Project Management

Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office Live Communications Server 2005

Technology Specialist: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007, Configuration

Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007, Configuration

Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007, Application Development

Technology Specialist: Windows Mobile 5.0, Applications

Technology Specialist: Windows Mobile 5.0, Implementation and Management

Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2003, Hosted Environments, Configuration, and Management

Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008, Active Directory Configuration

Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008, Network Infrastructure Configuration

Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008, Applications Infrastructure Configuration

Technology Specialist: Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, Application Development

Technology Specialist: Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, Configuration

Technology Specialist: Windows Vista and 2007 Microsoft Office System Desktops, Deployment and Maintenance

Technology Specialist: Windows Vista, Configuration

Microsoft Certified IT Professional

The new Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) credential lets you highlight your specific area of expertise. Now, you can easily distinguish yourself as an expert in database administration, database development, business intelligence, or support. At the time of this writing, the following Microsoft Certified IT Professional certifications exist:

IT Professional: Database Developer

IT Professional: Database Administrator

IT Professional: Business Intelligence Developer

IT Professional: Enterprise Support Technician

IT Professional: Consumer Support Technician

IT Professional: Database Developer 2008

IT Professional: Database Administrator 2008

IT Professional: Enterprise Messaging Administrator

IT Professional: Enterprise Project Management with Microsoft Office Project Server 2007

IT Professional: Enterprise Administrator

IT Professional: Server Administrator

The MCTS on Windows Server 2008 helps you and your organization take advantage of advanced server technology with the power to increase the flexibility of your server infrastructure, save time, and reduce costs. Transition certifications are available today for Windows Server 2003 certified professionals, while full certification paths will be available soon after the Windows Server 2008 product release. For more details about these certifications, visit the following website:

If the URL is no longer available, don't forget to search for MCTS and Windows Server 2008 with the Microsoft search tool found on the Microsoft website.

Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure

The Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist certifications enable professionals to target specific technologies and distinguish themselves by demonstrating in-depth knowledge and expertise in their specialized technologies. A Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist in Windows Vista, Configuration possesses the knowledge and skills to configure Windows Vista for optimal performance on the desktop, including installing, managing, and configuring the new security, network, and application features in Windows Vista.

To earn the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist: Windows Vista, Configuration, you must pass one exam that focuses on supporting end-user issues about network connectivity, security, applications installation and compatibility, and logon problems that include account issues and password resets:

Exam 70-643: TS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuration

If you decide to take Microsoft recognized class, you would take several classes to cover all of the material found on this exam. The preparation guide (including exam objectives) for Exam 70-643 TS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuration can be found at

Taking a Certification Exam

After you prepare for your exam, you need to register with a testing center. At the time of this writing, the cost to take exam 70-643 is (U.S.) $125, and if you don't pass, you can take each again for an additional (U.S.) $125 for each attempt. In the United States and Canada, tests are administered by Prometric. Here's how you can contact them:

  • Prometric: You can sign up for a test through the company's website, or Within the United States and Canada, you can register by phone at 800-755-3926. If you live outside this region, you should check the Prometric website for the appropriate phone number.

To sign up for a test, you must possess a valid credit card or contact Prometric for mailing instructions to send a check (in the United States). Only when payment is verified, or a check has cleared, can you actually register for a test.

To schedule an exam, you need to call the appropriate phone number or visit the Prometric websites at least one day in advance. To cancel or reschedule an exam in the United States or Canada, you must call before 3 p.m. Eastern time the day before the scheduled test time (or you might be charged, even if you don't show up to take the test). When you want to schedule a test, you should have the following information ready:

  • Your name, organization, and mailing address.

  • Your Microsoft test ID. (In the United States, this means your Social Security number; citizens of other countries should call ahead to find out what type of identification number is required to register for a test.)

  • The name and number of the exam you want to take.

  • A method of payment. (As mentioned previously, a credit card is the most convenient method, but alternate means can be arranged in advance, if necessary.)

After you sign up for a test, you are told when and where the test is scheduled. You should arrive at least 15 minutes early. You must supply two forms of identification—one of which must be a photo ID—to be admitted into the testing room.

Tracking Certification Status

As soon as you pass a qualified Microsoft exam and earn a professional certification, Microsoft generates transcripts that indicate which exams you have passed. You can view a copy of your transcript at any time by going to the MCP secured site (this site may change as the MCP is retired) and selecting the Transcript Tool. This tool enables you to print a copy of your current transcript and confirm your certification status.

After you pass the necessary set of exams, you are certified. Official certification is normally granted after six to eight weeks, so you shouldn't expect to get your credentials overnight. The package for official certification that arrives includes a Welcome Kit that contains a number of elements (see Microsoft's website for other benefits of specific certifications):

  • A certificate that is suitable for framing, along with a wallet card and lapel pin.

  • A license to use the related certification logo, which means you can use the logo in advertisements, promotions, and documents, and on letterhead, business cards, and so on. Along with the license comes a logo sheet, which includes camera-ready artwork. (Note that before you use any of the artwork, you must sign and return a licensing agreement that indicates you'll abide by its terms and conditions.)

  • Access to the Microsoft Certified Professional Magazine Online website, which provides ongoing data about testing and certification activities, requirements, changes to the MCP program, and security-related information on Microsoft products.

Many people believe that the benefits of MCP certification go well beyond the perks that Microsoft provides to newly anointed members of this elite group. We're starting to see more job listings that request or require applicants to have Microsoft and other related certifications, and many individuals who complete Microsoft certification programs can qualify for increases in pay and responsibility. As an official recognition of hard work and broad knowledge, a certification credential is a badge of honor in many IT organizations.

About This Book

Each topical Exam Cram chapter follows a regular structure and contains graphical cues about important or useful information. Here's the structure of a typical chapter:

  • Opening hotlists: Each chapter begins with a list of the terms, tools, and techniques that you must learn and understand before you can be fully conversant with that chapter's subject matter. The hotlists are followed with one or two introductory paragraphs to set the stage for the rest of the chapter.

  • Topical coverage: After the opening hotlists and introductory text, each chapter covers a series of topics related to the chapter's subject. Throughout that section, we highlight topics or concepts that are likely to appear on a test, using a special element called an Exam Alert:

  • Warning - This is what an Exam Alert looks like. Normally, an alert stresses concepts, terms, software, or activities that are likely to relate to one or more certification-test questions. For that reason, we think any information in an Exam Alert is worthy of unusual attentiveness on your part.

    You should pay close attention to material flagged in Exam Alerts; although all the information in this book pertains to what you need to know to pass the exam, Exam Alerts contain information that is really important. You'll find what appears in the meat of each chapter to be worth knowing, too, when preparing for the test. Because this book's material is very condensed, we recommend that you use this book along with other resources to achieve the maximum benefit.

    In addition to the Exam Alerts, we provide tips that will help you build a better foundation for Windows Server 2008 knowledge. Although the tip information might not be on the exam, it is certainly related and it will help you become a better-informed test taker.

    Tip - This is how tips are formatted. Keep your eyes open for these, and you'll become a Windows Server 2008 guru in no time!

    Note - This is how notes are formatted. Notes direct your attention to important pieces of information that relate to Windows Server 2008 and Microsoft certification.

  • Exam prep questions: Although we talk about test questions and topics throughout the book, the section at the end of each chapter pr series of mock test questions and explanations of both correct and incorrect answers.

  • Details and resources: Every chapter ends with a section titled "Need to Know More?" That section provides direct pointers to Microsoft and third-party resources that offer more details on the chapter's subject. In addition, that section tries to rank or at least rate the quality and thoroughness of the topic's coverage by each resource. If you find a resource you like in that collection, you should use it, but you shouldn't feel compelled to use all the resources. On the other hand, we recommend only resources that we use on a regular basis, so none of our recommendations will be a waste of your time or money (but purchasing them all at once probably represents an expense that many network administrators and Microsoft certification candidates might find hard to justify).

The bulk of the book follows this chapter structure, but we'd like to point out a few other elements. Chapters 10 to 13—two practice exams and their answers (with detailed explanations)—help you assess your understanding of the material presented throughout the book to ensure that you're ready for the exam.

Finally, the tear-out Cram Sheet attached next to the inside front cover of this Exam Cram book represents a condensed collection of facts and tips that we think are essential for you to memorize before taking the test. Because you can dump this information out of your head onto a sheet of paper before taking the exam, you can master this information by brute force; you need to remember it only long enough to write it down when you walk into the testing room. You might even want to look at it in the car or in the lobby of the testing center just before you walk in to take the exam.

We've structured the topics in this book to build on one another. Therefore, some topics in later chapters make the most sense after you've read earlier chapters. That's why we suggest that you read this book from front to back for your initial test preparation. If you need to brush up on a topic or if you have to bone up for a second try, you can use the index or table of contents to go straight to the topics and questions that you need to study. Beyond helping you prepare for the test, we think you'll find this book useful as a tightly focused reference to some of the most important aspects of Windows Vista.

The book uses the following typographical conventions:

  • Command-line strings that are meant to be typed into the computer are displayed in monospace text, such as

  • New terms are introduced in italics.

Given all the book's elements and its specialized focus, we've tried to create a tool that will help you prepare for and pass Microsoft Exam 70-643. Please share with us your feedback on the book, especially if you have ideas about how we can improve it for future test takers. Send your questions or comments about this book via email to We'll consider everything you say carefully, and we'll respond to all suggestions. For more information on this book and other Que Certification titles, visit our website at You should also check out the new Exam Cram website at, where you'll find information, updates, commentary, and certification information.

Exam Layout and Design

Historically, there have been six types of question formats on Microsoft certification exams. These types of questions continue to appear on current Microsoft tests, and they are discussed in the following sections:

  • Multiple-choice, single answer

  • Multiple-choice, multiple answers

  • Build-list-and-reorder (list prioritization)

  • Create-a-tree

  • Drag-and-connect

  • Select-and-place (drag-and-drop)

The Single-Answer and Multiple-Answer Multiple-Choice Question Formats

Some exam questions require you to select a single answer, whereas others ask you to select multiple correct answers. The following multiple-choice question requires you to select a single correct answer. Following the question is a brief summary of each potential answer and why it is either right or wrong.

  1. You have three domains connected to an empty root domain under one contiguous domain name: This organization is formed into a forest arrangement, with a secondary domain called How many schema masters exist for this arrangement?

    1. 1

    2. 2

    3. 3

    4. 4

    The correct answer is A because only one schema master is necessary for a forest arrangement. The other answers (B, C, and D) are misleading because they try to make you believe that schema masters might be in each domain or perhaps that you should have one for each contiguous namespace domain.

This sample question format corresponds closely to the Microsoft certification exam format. The only difference is that on the exam, the questions are not followed by answers and their explanations. To select an answer, you position the cursor over the option button next to the answer you want to select. Then you click the mouse button to select the answer.

Let's examine a question for which one or more answers are possible. This type of question provides check boxes rather than option buttons for marking all appropriate selections.

  1. What can you use to seize FSMO roles? (Choose two.)

    1. The ntdsutil.exe utility

    2. The Active Directory Users and Computers console

    3. The secedit.exe utility

    4. The utilman.exe utility

    Answers A and B are correct. You can seize roles from a server that is still running through the Active Directory Users and Computers console, or in the case of a server failure, you can seize roles with the ntdsutil.exe utility. You use the secedit.exe utility to force group policies into play; therefore, Answer C is incorrect. The utilman.exe tool manages accessibility settings in Windows Server 2003; therefore, Answer D is incorrect.

This particular question requires two answers. Microsoft sometimes gives partial credit for partially correct answers. For Question 2, you have to mark the check boxes next to Answers A and B to obtain credit for a correct answer. Notice that to choose the right answers you also need to know why the other answers are wrong.

The Build-List-and-Reorder Question Format

Questions in the build-list-and-reorder format present two lists of items—one on the left and one on the right. To answer the question, you must move items from the list on the right to the list on the left. The final list must then be reordered into a specific sequence.

These questions generally sound like this: "From the following list of choices, pick the choices that answer the question. Arrange the list in a certain order." Question 3 shows an example of how these questions would look.

  1. From the following list of famous people, choose those who have been elected president of the United States. Arrange the list in the order in which the presidents served.

    • Thomas Jefferson

    • Ben Franklin

    • Abe Lincoln

    • George Washington

    • Andrew Jackson

    • Paul Revere

    The correct answer is

    1. George Washington

    2. Thomas Jefferson

    3. Andrew Jackson

    4. Abe Lincoln

On an actual exam, the entire list of famous people would initially appear in the list on the right. You would move the four correct answers to the list on the left and then reorder the list on the left. Notice that the answer to Question 3 does not include all the items from the initial list. However, that might not always be the case.

To move an item from the right list to the left list on the exam, you first select the item by clicking it, and then you click the Add button (left arrow). After you move an item from one list to the other, you can move the item back by first selecting the item and then clicking the appropriat button). After you move items to the left list, you can reorder an item by selecting the item and clicking the up or down arrow buttons.

The Create-a-Tree Question Format

Questions in the create-a-tree format also present two lists—one on the left side of the screen and one on the right side of the screen. The list on the right consists of individual items, and the list on the left consists of nodes in a tree. To answer the question, you must move items from the list on the right to the appropriate node in the tree.

These questions can best be characterized as simply a matching exercise. Items from the list on the right are placed under the appropriate category in the list on the left. Question 4 shows an example of how they would look.

  1. The calendar year is divided into four seasons:

    1. Winter

    2. Spring

    3. Summer

    4. Fall

    Identify the season during which each of the following holidays occurs:

    • Christmas

    • Fourth of July

    • Labor Day

    • Flag Day

    • Memorial Day

    • Washington's Birthday

    • Thanksgiving

    • Easter

    The correct answers are

    1. Winter

      • Christmas

      • Washington's Birthday

    2. Spring

      • Flag Day

      • Memorial Day

      • Easter

    3. Summer

      • Fourth of July

      • Labor Day

    4. Fall

      • Thanksgiving

In this case, you use all the items in the list. However, that might not alway the case.

To move an item from the right list to its appropriate location in the tree, you must first select the appropriate tree node by clicking it. Then, you select the item to be moved and click the Add button. After you add one or more items to a tree node, the node appears with a + icon to the left of the node name. You can click this icon to expand the node and view the items you have added. If you have added any item to the wrong tree node, you can remove it by selecting it and clicking the Remove button.

The Drag-and-Connect Question Format

Questions in the drag-and-connect format present a group of objects and a list of "connections." To answer the question, you must move the appropriate connections between the objects.

This type of question is best described with graphics. For this type of question, it isn't necessary to use every object, and you can use each connection multiple times.

The Select-and-Place Question Format

Questions in the select-and-place (drag-and-drop) format display a diagram with blank boxes and a list of labels that you need to drag to correctly fill in the blank boxes. To answer such a question, you must move the labels to their appropriate positions on the diagram. This type of question is best described with graphics.

Special Exam Question Formats

Starting with the exams released for the Windows Server 2003 MCSE track, Microsoft introduced several new question types in addition to the more traditional types of questions that are still widely used on all Microsoft exams. These innovative question types have been highly researched and tested by Microsoft before they were chosen to be included in many of the "refreshed" exams for the MCSA/MCSE on the Windows 2000 track and for the new exams on the Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 track. These special question types are as follows:

  • Hot area questions

  • Active screen questions

  • Drag-and-drop–type questions

  • Simulation questions

Hot Area Question Types

Hot area questions ask you to indicate the correct answer by selecting one or more elements within a graphic. For example, you might be asked to select multiple objects within a list.

Active Screen Question Types

Active screen questions ask you to configure a dialog box by modifying one or more elements. These types of questions offer a realistic interface in which you must properly configure various settings, just as you would within the actual software product. For example, you might be asked to select the proper option within a drop-down list box.

Drag-and-Drop Question Types

New drag-and-drop questions ask you to drag source elements to their appropriate corresponding targets within a work area. These types of questions test your knowledge of specific concepts and their definitions or descriptions. For example, you might be asked to match a description of a computer program to the actual software application.

Simulation Question Types

Simulation questions ask you to indicate the correct answer by performing specific tasks, such as configuring and installing network adapters or drivers, configuring and controlling access to files, or troubleshooting hardware devices. Many of the tasks that systems administrators and systems engineers perform can be presented more accurately in simulations than in most traditional exam question types.

Microsoft's Testing Formats

Currently, Microsoft uses three different testing formats:

  • Fixed length

  • Short form

  • Case study

Other Microsoft exams employ advanced testing capabilities that might not be immediately apparent. Although the questions that appear are primarily multiple choice, the logic that drives them is more complex than that in older Microsoft tests, which use a fixed sequence of questions, called a fixed-length test. Some questions employ a sophisticated user interface, which Microsoft calls a simulation, to test your knowledge of the software and systems under consideration in a more-or-less "live" environment that behaves just like the real thing. You should review the Microsoft Learning, Reference, and Certification Web pages at for more detailed information.

In the future, Microsoft might choose to create exams using a well-known technique called adaptive testing to establish a test taker's level of knowledge and product competence. In general, adaptive exams might look the same as fixed-length exams, but they discover the level of difficulty at which an individual test taker can correctly answer questions. Test takers with differing levels of knowledge or ability therefore see different sets of questions; individuals with high levels of knowledge or ability are presented with a smaller set of more difficult questions, whereas individuals with lower levels of knowledge are presented with a larger set of easier questions. Two individuals might answer the same percentage of questions correctly, but the test taker with a higher knowledge or ability level will score higher because his or her questions are worth more. Also, the lower-level test taker will probably answer more questions than his or her more knowledgeable colleague. This explains why adaptive tests use ranges of values to define the number of questions and the amount of time it takes to complete the test.

Note - Microsoft does not offer adaptive exams at the time of this book's publication.

Most adaptive tests work by evaluating the test taker's most recent answer. A correct answer leads to a more difficult question, and the test software's estimate of the test taker's knowledge and ability level is raised. An incorrect answer leads to a less difficult question, and the test software's estimate of the test taker's knowledge and ability level is lowered. This process continues until the test targets the test taker's true ability level. The exam ends when the test taker's level of accuracy meets a statistically acceptable value (in other words, when his or her performance demonstrates an acceptable level of knowledge and ability) or when the maximum number of items has been presented. (In which case, the test taker is almost certain to fail.)

Microsoft has also introduced a short-form test for its most popular tests. This test delivers 25 to 30 questions to its takers, giving them exactly 60 minutes to complete the exam. This type of exam is similar to a fixed-length test in that it allows readers to jump ahead or return to earlier questions and to cycle through the questions until the test is done. Microsoft does not use adaptive logic in short-form tests, but it claims that statistical analysis of the question pool is such that the 25 to 30 questions delivered during a short-form exam conclusively measure a test taker's knowledge of the subject matter in much the same way as an adaptive test. You can think of the short-form test as a kind of "greatest hits exam" (that is, it covers the most important questions) version of an adaptive exam on the same topic.

Because you won't know which form the Microsoft exam might take, you should be prepared for either a fixed-length or short-form exam. The layout is the same for both fixed-length and short-form tests—you are not penalized for guessing the correct answer(s) to questions, no matter how many questions you answer incorrectly.

The Fixed-Length and Short-Form Exam Strategy

One tactic that has worked well for many test takers is to answer each question as well as you can before time expires on the exam. Some questions you will undoubtedly feel better equipped to answer correctly than others; however, you should still select an answer to each question as you proceed through the exam. You should click the Mark for Review check box for any question that you are unsure of. In this way, at least you have answered all the questions in case you run out of time. Unanswered questions are automatically scored as incorrect; answers that are guessed at have at least some chance of being scored as correct. If time permits, after you answer all questions you can revisit each question that you have marked for review. This strategy also enables you to possibly gain some insight into questions that you are unsure of by picking up some clues from the other questions on the exam.

Tip - Some people prefer to read over the exam completely before answering the trickier questions; sometimes, information supplied in later questions sheds more light on earlier questions. At other times, information you read in later questions might jog your memory about facts, figures, or behavior that helps you answer earlier questions. Either way, you could come out ahead if you answer only those questions on the first pass that you're absolutely confident about. However, be careful not to run out of time if you choose this strategy!

Fortunately, the Microsoft exam software for fixed-length and short-form tests makes the multiple-visit approach easy to implement. At the top-left corner of each question is a check box that permits you to mark that question for a later visit.

Here are some question-handling strategies that apply to fixed-length and short-form tests. Use them if you have the chance:

  • When returning to a question after your initial read-through, read every word again; otherwise, your mind can miss important details. Sometimes, revisiting a question after turning your attention elsewhere lets you see something you missed, but the strong tendency is to see only what you've seen before. Avoid that tendency at all costs.

  • If you return to a question more than twice, articulate to yourself what you don't understand about the question, why answers don't appear to make sense, or what appears to be missing. If you chew on the subject awhile, your subconscious might provide the missing details, or you might notice a "trick" that points to the right answer.

As you work your way through the exam, another counter that Microsoft provides will come in handy—the number of questions completed and questions outstanding. For fixed-length and short-form tests, it's wise to budget your time by making sure that you've completed one-quarter of the questions one-quarter of the way through the exam period and three-quarters of the questions three-quarters of the way through.

If you're not finished when only five minutes remain, use that time to guess your way through any remaining questions. Remember, guessing is potentially more valuable than not answering. Blank answers are always wrong, but a guess might turn out to be right. If you don't have a clue about any of the remaining questions, pick answers at random or choose all As, Bs, and so on. (Choosing the same answer for a series of question all but guarantees you'll get most of them wrong, but it also means you're more likely to get a small percentage of them correct.)

Warning - At the very end of your exam period, you're better off guessing than leaving questions unanswered.

Question-Handling Strategies

For those questions that have only one right answer, usually two or three of the answers will be obviously incorrect and two of the answers will be plausible. Unless the answer leaps out at you (if it does, reread the question to look for a trick; sometimes those are the ones you're most likely to get wrong), begin the process of answering by eliminating those answers that are most obviously wrong.

You can usually immediately eliminate at least one answer out of the possible choices for a question because it matches one of these conditions:

  • The answer does not apply to the situation.

  • The answer describes a nonexistent issue, an invalid option, or an imaginary state.

After you eliminate all answers that are obviously wrong, you can apply your retained knowledge to eliminate further answers. You should look for items that sound correct but refer to actions, commands, or features that are not present or not available in the situation that the question describes.

If you're still faced with a blind guess among two or more potentially correct answers, reread the question. Picture how each of the possible remaining answers would alter the situation. Be especially sensitive to terminology; sometimes the choice of words (for example, "remove" instead of "disable") can make the difference between a right answer and a wrong one.

You should guess at an answer only after you've exhausted your ability to eliminate answers and you are still unclear about which of the remaining possibilities is correct. An unanswered question offers you no points, but guessing gives you at least some chance of getting a question right; just don't be too hasty when making a blind guess.

Numerous questions assume that the default behavior of a particular utility is in effect. If you know the defaults and understand what they mean, this knowledge will help you cut through many of the trickier questions. Simple "final" actions might be critical as well. If you must restart a utility before proposed changes take effect, a correct answer might require this step as well.

Mastering the Test-Taking Mindset

In the final analysis, knowledge breeds confidence, and confidence breeds success. If you study the materials in this book carefully and review all the practice questions at the end of each chapter, you should become aware of the areas where you need additional learning and study.

After you've worked your way through the book, take the practice exams in the back of the book. Taking these tests provides a reality check and helps you identify areas to study further. Make sure you follow up and review materials related to the questions you miss on the practice exams before scheduling a real exam. Don't schedule your exam appointment until after you've thoroughly studied the material and you feel comfortable with the whole scope of the practice exams. You should score 80% or better on the practice exams before proceeding to the real thing. (Otherwise, obtain some additional practice tests so that you can keep trying until you hit this magic number.)

Tip - If you take a practice exam and don't get at least 80% of the questions correct, keep practicing. Microsoft provides links to practice-exam providers and also self-assessment exams at

Armed with the information in this book and with the determination to augment your knowledge, you should be able to pass the certification exam. However, you need to work at it, or you'll spend the exam fee more than once before you finally pass. If you prepare seriously, you should do well.

The next section covers other sources that you can use to prepare for Microsoft certification exams.

Additional Resources

A good source of information about Microsoft certification exams comes from Microsoft itself. Because its products and technologies—and the exams that go with them—change frequently, the best place to go for exam-related information is online.

Microsoft offers training, certification, and other learning-related information and links at the web address. If you haven't already visited the Microsoft Training and Certification website, you should do so right now. Microsoft's Training and Certification home page resides at

Coping with Change on the Web - Sooner or later, all the information we've shared with you about the Microsoft Certified Professional pages and the other web-based resources mentioned throughout the rest of this book will go stale or be replaced by newer information. In some cases, the URLs you find here might lead you to their replacements; in other cases, the URLs will go nowhere, leaving you with the dreaded "404 File not found" error message. When that happens, don't give up.

There's always a way to find what you want on the web if you're willing to invest some time and energy. Most large or complex websites—and Microsoft's qualifies on both counts—offer search engines. All of Microsoft's web pages have a Search button at the top edge of the page. As long as you can get to Microsoft's site (it should stay at for a long time), you can use the Search button to find what you need.

The more focused (or specific) that you can make a search request, the more likely the results will include information you can use. For example, you can search for the string

?"training and certification"

to produce a lot of data about the subject in general, but if you're looking for the preparation guide for Exam 70-643, Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring, you'll be more likely to get there quickly if you use a search string similar to the following:

?"Exam 70-643" AND "preparation guide"

Likewise, if you want to find the Training and Certification downloads, you should try a search string such as this:

?"training and certification" AND "download page"

Finally, you should feel free to use general search tools—such as,,, and—to look for related information. Although Microsoft offers great information about its certification exams online, there are plenty of third-party sources of information and assistance that need not follow Microsoft's party line. Therefore, if you can't find something where the book says it lives, you should intensify your search.

Thanks for making this Exam Cram book a pivotal part of your certification study plan; best of luck on becoming certified!

© Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

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