Meaning and Argument: An Introduction to Logic Through Language [NOOK Book]

Overview

Meaning and Argument shifts introductory logic from the traditional emphasis on proofs to the symbolization of arguments. Another of its distinctive features is that it shows how the need for expressive power and for drawing distinctions forces formal language development.

This volume is ideal as an introduction to formal logic, philosophical logic, and philosophy of lanugage. At each stage of system elaboration and development, the book answers meta-logical questions. Why is a ...

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Meaning and Argument: An Introduction to Logic Through Language

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NOOK Book (eBook - 2nd, Revised Edition)
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Overview

Meaning and Argument shifts introductory logic from the traditional emphasis on proofs to the symbolization of arguments. Another of its distinctive features is that it shows how the need for expressive power and for drawing distinctions forces formal language development.

This volume is ideal as an introduction to formal logic, philosophical logic, and philosophy of lanugage. At each stage of system elaboration and development, the book answers meta-logical questions. Why is a particular formalism needed? What must go into such a formalism and why? These questions engage students in a collective inquiry which allows them to see logical studies as a human enterprise aimed at achieving well-understood goals-clarity and good reasoning.

This second edition extends and systematizes the account of anaphora, including "donkey" anaphora, plural anaphora, and cross-sentential anaphora. It also has additional sections on counter-models and semantics, and contains additional exercises and an updated bibliography.

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What People Are Saying


PRAISE FOR THE PREVIOUS EDITIONS


"Meaning and Argument is especially strong on the subtleties of translating natural language into formal language, as a necessary step in the clarification of expression and the evaluation of arguments. The range of natural language constructions surveyed is broader and richer than in any competing introductory logic text that I am aware of. As such, the book provides a solid and attractive introduction to logic not only for philosophy students, but for linguists as well."

Richard Larson, University Stony Brook


"I can thoroughly recommend Ernest Lepore’s Meaning and Argument, particularly for those seeking to teach or learn how to paraphrase into formal symbolism, a much neglected aspect of logic. It contains a wealth of examples and is informed throughout by a deep theoretical knowledge of contemporary linguistics and philosophy of language."

Alan Weir, Queen’s University Belfast


"Lepore’s book is unusual for a beginning logic text in that it contains no natural deduction proof system but rather concentrates on finding models and countermodels by means of a semantic tableaux method. It is also unusual in containing many translation examples that exemplify constructions that linguists have found interesting in the last decades. In both of these ways the book is well suited for use in educating philosophy students in the importance of logic even when these students do not intend to go further in the study of formal logic as a discipline."

Francis Jeffry Pelletier, University of Alberta


"Meaning and Argument is a beautiful display of boththe power of first-order logic and the complexity of natural language. The book focuses on the use of logic to expose and remedy many difficulties with understanding a sentence’s exact meaning. Lepore’s user-friendly style makes the book enjoyable for beginning logic students, and his coverage of the details makes it useful for advanced students and professionals. There is no logic textbook that comes even remotely close to accomplishing what Meaning and Argument does."

Kent Johnson, University of California at Irvine



"Meaning and Argument is an excellent logic textbook that not only introduces students to the techniques of English symbolization and the truth-tree method, but it also to a fascinating array of topics in linguistic syntax and semantics, including logical form, anaphora, adverbial modification, descriptions, among others. My first-year logic students have enjoyed Lepore’s book immensely and have found it to be very helpful and accessible."

Ray Elugardo, University of Oklahoma


"Here is logic as it ought to be presented to philosophers, linguists, and anyone else who is interested in how language is organized. In Ernie Lepore’s hands grammar comes alive. I recommend this book to all who want to learn what logic is, how to use it, and what it is good for."

Donald Davidson, University of California at Berkeley


"With care, imagination, and infectious enthusiasm, Lepore develops a novel and effective general technique of formalization which complete beginners should be able to grasp and use to deal with virtually any example in a first logic course."

Bob Hale, University of Glasgow

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118455210
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 9/14/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: 2nd, Revised Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 496
  • Sales rank: 1,056,499
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Ernest Lepore is the Associate Director of the Center for Cognitive Science at Rutgers University and is the author of numerous articles in philosophy of language. He is co-author (with Herman Cappelen) of Insensitive Semantics (Blackwell, 2004) and co-author (with Jerry Fodor) of Holism (Blackwell, 1991). He is editor of Truth and Interpretation (Blackwell, 1989), co-editor (with Zenon Pylyshyn) of What is Cognitive Science? (Blackwell, 1999), and general editor of the series Philosophers and Their Critics, published by Wiley-Blackwell.

Sam Cumming is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Los Angeles.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction 1
1 A Brief Introduction to Key Terms 5
2 Argument Forms and Propositional Logic 17
3 Conjunction 32
4 Negation 45
5 Truth Tables 59
6 Disjunction 71
7 Conditionals 83
8 Truth Trees 113
9 Property Predicate Logic 131
10 Evaluating Arguments in Property Predicate Logic 156
11 Property Predicate Logic Refinements 171
12 Relational Predicate Logic 190
13 Relational Predicate Logic with Nested Quantifiers 205
14 Extending the Truth Tree Method to RPL 229
15 Negation, Only, and Restrictive Relative Clauses 239
16 Relational Predicate Logic with Identity 259
17 Verbs and their modifiers 284
App. A1 Conjunction 299
App. A2 Negation and Disjunction 312
App. A3 Conditionals 315
App. A4 Property Predicate Logic 324
App. A5 Relational Predicate Logic 333
App. A6 Relational Predicate Logic with Identity 341
App. A7 Verbs and their Modifiers 348
Answers for Selected Exercises 356
Logical Symbols 407
Index 408
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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted August 13, 2013

    Another uninspired text book of logic

    For the potential buyer who is thinking in buying this text book, I will say that I used it for a semester in my teaching logic. I will not use it more. The good: plenty of examples to practice logic. The bad: no philosophical interest. Pedagogically is mediocre. The author does not understand the way students learn logic.
    This book is not different from the other hundreds of logic text books in our century. Nothing to offer from the original Copi, "introduction to logic", from where is an uninspired copy. And with similar mistakes than the original Copi, whose most annoying issues is the way they understand particulars, the existential quantifier, induction, classical logic, conditionals, etc.
    There are many other logic texts for beginners that are better written for students. However, I was, in some way, present when the author, Ernie, started to write this book (1998?) based on his personal teaching experience, at Rutgers University, and I have to say that the method of the book fits Ernie's style, but it does not work well for teachers who are very interactive with the student. The methodology of the book is very static, it does not move with fluidity, it is more a book for the teacher than for the student.
    "Meaning and Argument" is essentially practical (almost as a cook book) and it does not explain concepts very well, so it is more another technological book of logic than a philosophical book of logic. There is very little philosophical insight in what is an inference, conditional, etc., it tells you how to cook an argument (some of them are problematic in my opinion), but it does not teach you how to think logically, and it is not well written to think philosophically.
    The book is good in translating natural language into the artificial formal language of symbolic logic that is standard in the US, but unfortunately it continues the (cripple) tradition, from Russell, to translate universals into conditionals in a way I have doubts, existential quantifiers as real existence, etc., which conceal an uncritical metaphysics (a very naive metaphysics in my opinion).
    I noticed that this text book has good reviews from all the people in the same (parochial) circle, I doubt that outside of this narrow circle there is interest in a book that is supposed to reach everybody interested in logic.

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