Means of Ascent: The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Volume 2by Robert A. Caro, Grover Gardner
Caro tells this story with an eye for detail. He focuses not only on Johnson, but on Johnson's "unbeatable" opponent, former Texas Governor Coke Stevenson. As the political duel
MEANS OF ASCENT is the second book in the LBJ trilogy. It carries Johnson from his 1941 Senate defeat through WW II and on to the securing of his fortunes, both economic and political.
Caro tells this story with an eye for detail. He focuses not only on Johnson, but on Johnson's "unbeatable" opponent, former Texas Governor Coke Stevenson. As the political duel between the two men quickens, it moves with all the drama of the perfect Western. Caro has us witness a momentous turning point in American politics: the tragic last stand of politics of issue versus politics of image.
"One of the most important political biographies of our time...the picture of a man on his way up, regardless." (B-O-T Editorial Review Board)
"Brilliant. No brief review does justice to the drama of the story Caro is telling, which is nothing less than how present-day politics was born." Henry F. Graff, Professor of History, Columbia University
"Riveting . . . Explosive . . . Readers are in for a white-knuckle, hair-raising tale that could have ended in any of a dozen ways, with L.B.J. in the White House the longest shot of all. This is good history. Caro's treatment achieves poetic intensity." Paul Gray, Time
"Caro has a unique place among American political biographers. He has become, in many ways, the standard by which his fellows are measured. Caro's diligence [and] ambition are phenomenal . . . A remarkable story . . . Epic." Mark Feeney, Boston Sunday Globe
"Immensely engaging . . . Caro is an indefatigable investigative reporter and a skillful historian who can make the most abstract material come vibrantly to life. [He has a] marvelous ability to tell a story . . . His analysis of how power is used-to build highways and dams, to win elections, to get rich-is masterly." Ronald Steel, New York Times Book Review
"Caro has changed the art of political biography." Nicholas von Hoffman
"A spellbinding, hypnotic journey into the political life and times of Lyndon Johnson. Riveting drama." Jim Finley, Los Angeles Times
"The most compelling study of American political power and corruption since Robert Penn Warren's All the King's Men.... It is nothing less than a political epic, the definitive account of a watershed election, rich with all of the intrigue and drama that have become the stuff of legend. [It has] the suspense of a political thriller." Steve Neal, Fort Worth Star Telegram
"Magnificent . . . Thunder and lightning rip through Mr. Caro's viscerally compelling work." Thomas W. Hazlett, The Wall Street Journal
"His research is dazzlingly exhaustive, his gripping story is enhanced by excellent writing, and his findings [seem] largely irrefutable. No one has done a better job of researching [the 1948 race] than Mr. Caro. He has produced a portrait not only of Lyndon Johnson, but also of the politics and values of mid-century America." Philip Seib, Dallas Morning News
"Robert Caro gives us an LBJ who was human and then some, and what's enthralling is how this lucid, fascinating book keeps forcing us to confront the extreme contradictions of what (on good days) we call human nature. It's a testament to Robert Caro's skill that we find it so difficult to get a firm moral fix on Johnson. Caro is that rare biographer who seems intrigued by his subject but happily free from the urge to either heroicize, psychologize—or excoriate and punish." Francine Prose, 7 Days
"Means of Ascent is a political biography, a detective story, a western and a character study. Above all, it is a richly textured, multilayered chronicle of a fundamental social and political change and how this change highlighted elements of Mr. Johnson's character: his powerful needs, tremendous ambition and particular genius." Robert A. Kronley, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
"One can trust every detail. The sagaciousness and discretion of Caro's investigations are obvious from the start. The story of that election has all the excitement of a murder mystery in which the culprit is known, but the question is whether justice will triumph. Caro tells it with the same thriller instinct as the old novelists, yet with the passion for accuracy of the most exacting detective." Denis Wadley, Minneapolis/St. Paul Star Tribune
"A great book, and I believe the completed biography will be the great book about American politics in the twentieth century. The story of the '48 election is remarkable, unique. If it weren't a cliche, I'd say it has Tolstoyan epic grandeur." Robert K. Massie
"Caro's writing summons a reviewer's cliches—gripping, compelling, absorbing, irresistible . . . unputdownable. The sentences sparkle. The details pile up in a mountain of evidence . . . Caro has at last set the record straight." Richard Marius, Harvard Magazine
"A spellbinding political thriller . . . riveting." Arthur Salm, San Diego Tribune
"Extraordinary and brilliant . . . Devastatingly persuasive . . . Caro's prodigious research, and his discovery of original sources ignored by other biographers, proves beyond doubt that much of what Johnson said about these years was false . . . The spadework combined with Caro's passion makes for drama more riveting than any novel." Mark A. Gamin, Cleveland Plain Dealer
"We who are alive today are privileged to be present at the creation of what, when it is completed, may rank as the most riveting and disturbing American political biography of this century . . . Magnificently written." Theodore M. O'Leary, Kansas City Star
"Caro is the premier biographer of our time." Bernard D. Nossiter, The Progressive
"No one understands Lyndon Baines Johnson without reading Robert A. Caro." James F. Vesely, Sacramento Union
Meet the Author
For his biographies of Robert Moses and Lyndon Johnson, Robert A. Caro has twice won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography, twice won the National Book Critics Circle Award for Best Nonfiction Book of the Year, and has also won virtually every other major literary honor, including the National Book Award, the Gold Medal in Biography from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and the Francis Parkman Prize, awarded by the Society of American Historians to the book that best "exemplifies the union of the historian and the artist."
To create his first book, The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, Caro spent seven years tracing and talking with hundreds of men and women who worked with, for, or against Robert Moses, including a score of his top aides. He examined mountains of files never open to the public. Everywhere acclaimed as a modern classic, The Power Broker was chosen by the Modern Library as one of the hundred greatest non-fiction books of the twentieth century. It is, according to David Halberstam, "Surely the greatest book ever written about a city." And The New York times Book Review said: "In the future, the scholar who writes the history of American cities in the twentieth century will doubtless begin with this extraordinary effort."
To research The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Caro and his wife, Ina, moved from his native New York City to the Texas Hill Country and then to Washington, D.C., to live in the locales in which Johnson grew up and in which he built, while he was still young, his first political machine. He has spent years examining documents at the Johnson Library in Austin and interviewing men and women connected with Johnson's life, many of whom had never before been interviewed. The first volume of The Years of Lyndon Johnson, The Path to Power, was cited by The Washington Post as "proof that we live in a great age of biography... [a book] of radiant excellence... Caro's evocation of the Texas Hill Country, his elaboration of Johnson's unsleeping ambition, his understanding of how politics actually work, are—let it be said flat out—at the summit of American historical writing." Professor Henry F. Graff of Columbia University called the second volume, Means of Ascent, "brilliant. No review does justice to the drama of the story Caro is telling, which is nothing less than how present-day politics was born." And the London Times hailed volume three, Masters of the Senate, as "a masterpiece... Robert Caro has written on of the truly great political biographies of the modern age."
"Caro has a unique place among American political biographers," according to The Boston Globe. "He has become, in many ways, the standard by which his fellows are measured." And Nicholas von Hoffman wrote: "Caro has changed the art of political biography."
Caro graduated from Princeton University and later became a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University. He lives in New York City with his wife, Ina, an historian and writer.
- New York, New York
- Date of Birth:
- October 30, 1935
- Place of Birth:
- New York, New York
- B.A., Princeton University, 1957; Nieman Fellow at Harvard University
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Caro continues his indepth study of Lyndon Johnson with this volume concentrating on the rise of Johnson to national power and eventually, in a later volume, the presidency. What makes the book so useful is the detail about the political process and how it changed with the rise of modern media. In Johnson's case the media was the radio and his remarkable use of it, and the raising the funds needed for the use of modern media, did change electoral politics. The change is well documented by comparing Johnson's opponent in the 1948 Senatorial race, a very honest politician indeed, whose campaign was a traditional political campaign of face-to-face interactions and local party insiders. More interesting is how American politics determines winners. To reach the presidency compromises of all types are necessary. Ironically, those most willing to make many of the compromises then govern in ways detrimental to public trust. Johnson, a most Shakespearean type personality, personifies how ambition breeds commitment to acquiring power and how ideals of social change, many of which he pushed in his presidency, are mixed with outright corruption and use of government for personal ends. The results are indeed mixed and sadly demean politics. All of this can only be understood through a thorough and carefully constructed biography. Caro has written just such a study. The study is recommended for anyone who wants to better understand politics, their evolution and to improve on his or her ability as a citizen to select the better choice.
Wow! It's taken me a couple of days after finishing this to collect my thoughts and I keep coming back to this: Lyndon Baines Johnson was a narcissist, sociopath, and a consumate liar of a world class variety! I've no doubt that had he not become a politician, he would have become a criminal! (Some say it's the same thing and after reading Caro's recountimg of the 1948 election for the Texas Senate seat, they may be right.) I've necer had a lot of faith or trust in politicians, but this has virtually destroyed what little I had left! Like Caro's first book, the writing is sometimes awkward and cumbersome. Most of the time, he's giving a narration, but he'll occasionally break into a more conversational tone. He loves to insert hyphens, semicolons, commas, etc. to make asides which frequently forces you to read around the aside to get the main point. All that notwithstanding, if you have any interest in modern political history whatsoever, this book is well worth the investment in time and energy. I'll be reading the 3rd book as soon as I clear my head a little with something else.
Robert Caro has done it again. This book covers seven years of Lyndon Johnson's life from 1941, from the defeat of his first senate run up to his second run for senate in 1948. I have to admit that some of the first part of this book was not as exciting, as the first book as a whole, and justifiably, the author mentions that this book is about the dark side of Lyndon Johnson's life. Beyond the first part, the second part of this book picks up with suspense and was quite a pleasure to read. Means of Ascent is the second out of, so far, four volumes soon to be five total volumes. Means of Ascent came out 8 years after his first book in 1982 and the amount of time dedicated to it is reflected in the quality of writing in this beautiful piece of literature. On a side note, I recommend reading the "Note on Sources" section toward the end of this book. Apparently from the authors writing on Coke Stevenson, skepticism was caused by critics about the credibility of Coke Stevenson from the authors perspective. The author wrote a response as to why he feels his research and writing on Coke Stevenson is justified. (If your book is new enough, hardcover or paperback, the afterword will be in the Note on Sources section). On to Volume 3!
Volume 1 of Caro's biography of Lyndon Johnson was magnificent, this Volume 2 continues in its spirit if not scope (returned to in Volume 3). Caro clearly hates Johnson but gives him his due the '48 election campaign was in a sense a microcosm of Johnson's career and Caro tells the story brilliantly.
perfect for a vacation or long train or plane trip - vivid writing you will gorge on and never want to see end. no matter your feelings about L.B.J., this book is worth your time and money. i read it twice.