Measuring Environmental Degradation: Developing Pressure Indicators for Europe

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More About This Textbook


Reports from the Eurostat Environmental Pressure Indicators Project overview key environmental issues in the EU, ranging from ozone depletion to waste and water pollution, and make recommendations on reducing these pressures on the environment. They examine methodological issues and processes concerned with the development of a standardized framework of environmental pressure indicators, and consider the benefits of communicating trends in environmental pressures to policymakers and the general public. An international framework is outlined for each policy field. Of interest to those in environmental studies and policymakers. Markandya teaches economics at the University of Bath. Dale is a consultant in the private sector.

Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781840643800
  • Publisher: Elgar, Edward Publishing, Inc.
  • Publication date: 9/1/2001
  • Pages: 384

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Editors' introduction
Introduction to the contributors
Pt. I Air Pollution
1 Introduction 3
2 Air pollution and acidification 10
3 Air quality indicators 17
4 Air pollution and acidification 24
Pt. II Climate Change
5 Introduction 33
6 Indexing climate change 39
7 Climate change 48
8 Climate protection as the key to sustainable development 54
Pt. III Loss of Biodiversity
9 Introduction 65
10 Biodiversity 72
11 Genetic diversity in agriculture 82
Pt. IV Marine Environment and Coastal Zones
12 Introduction 95
13 Coastal zone and marine area pressures 101
14 Pressure indicators in coastal zones 112
Pt. V Ozone Layer Depletion
15 Introduction 125
16 Ozone depletion: the problem and the policy implications 132
17 The ozone depletion problem 147
18 Ozone layer depletion 157
Pt. VI Resource Depletion
19 Introduction 169
20 Resource depletion 178
21 Natural resources 185
22 Resource depletion 197
Pt. VII Dispersion of Toxic Substances
23 Introduction 207
24 Human pressure on environmental systems: the need for change 214
25 Dissipation of toxics 222
Pt. VIII Urban Environmental Problems
26 Introduction 235
27 Urban problems in Europe at the start of the twenty-first century 240
Pt. IX Waste
28 Introduction 255
29 How can environmental pressue indices be used to help societies monitor progress in achieving their Agenda 21 goals? 260
30 Proposals for the reduction of problems in connection with waste 266
31 Guidelines for an environmentally compatible management of waste 271
Pt. X Water Pollution and Water Resources
32 Introduction 281
33 Water pollution and water resources 292
34 Water resources and water pollution 304
Annex I Lists of ranked pressure indicators 319
Annex II Specialized institutes for each policy field 333
Annex III List of contributors 335
Annex IV Project terminology: list of main acronyms, symbols and abbreviations used 337
Index 341
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