Measuring Student Learning Outcomes On Outward Bound Courses And Associated Independent Variables.

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $72.00
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (2) from $72.00   
  • New (2) from $72.00   

More About This Textbook


Outward Bound in the United States takes over 20,000 students a year into unique environments and challenges them to develop their character, leadership, and service ethic. Past research has shown an increase in students' self-confidence, leadership, self-esteem, self-efficacy, interpersonal skills, intrapersonal skills, and other skill types. This study conducted a pre-exposure, post-exposure, and follow-up quasi-experimental design that demonstrates that most of Outward Bound's learning outcomes currently stated in the organization's educational framework were met. The experimental group showed statistically significant increases to character development (p < .001, eta 2 = .146), leadership development (p < .001, eta 2 = .837), and service development (p < .001, eta 2 = .175) from pre-exposure to post-exposure surveys. These gains were not maintained over time. Twelve sub-variables (self-confidence, self-actualization, compassion towards others, healthy/balanced life, goal setting, group collaboration, effective communication, conflict resolution, problem solving, social responsibility, environmental responsibility, and service to others) were also analyzed with all but one showing statistically significant positive change from pre-exposure survey to post-exposure survey. Few of these changes were maintained to the follow-up survey. The independent variables of course characteristics (course length and type), instructor demographics (age, education, tenure, training), and student demographics (age, gender, ethnicity) were analyzed. The independent variables of course characteristics, instructor demographics, and student demographics did not have an effect on students achieving stated learning outcomes. Overall, students on an Outward Bound course (p < .001, eta2 = .191) experience a significant positive change in character, leadership, and service, but these changes were not maintained over time.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781243678027
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/7/2011
  • Pages: 194
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.41 (d)

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)