Measuring the Mind: Speed, Control, and Ageby Nancy R Hooyman, Louise Phillips, Peter McLeod
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Section I: Reaction time and mental speed 1. Ageing and response times: a comparison of sequential sampling models, Roger Ratcliff, Anjali Thapar, Philip L. Smith & Gail McKoon2. Inconsistency in response time as an indicator of cognitive ageing, David F. Hultsch, Michael A. Hunter, Stuart W. S. MacDonald & Esther Strauss3. Ageing and the ability to ignore irrelevant information in visual search and enumeration tasks, Elizabeth A. Maylor & Derrick G. Watson4. Individual differences and cognitive models of the mind: using the differentiation hypothesis to distinguish general and specific cognitive processes, Mike Anderson & Jeff Nelson5. Reaction time parameters, intelligence aging and death: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, Ian J. Deary & Geoff Der6. The wrong tree: time perception and time experience in the elderly, John WeardenSection II: Cognitive control and frontal lobe function 7. The chronometrics of task-set control, Stephen Monsell8. An evaluation of the frontal lobe theory of cognitive ageing, Louise H. Phillips & Julie D. Henry9. The gateway hypothesis of rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) function, Paul W. Burgess, Jon S. Simons, Iroise Dumontheil & Sam J. Gilbert10. Prefrontal cortex and Spearmans g, John DuncanSection III: Memory and age 11. On reducing age-related declines in memory and executive control, Fergus I. M. Craik12. Working memory and ageing, Alan Baddeley, Hilary Baddeley, Dino Chincotta, Simona Luzzi & Christobel Meikle13. The own-age effect in face recognition, Timothy J. Perfect & Helen C. MoonSection IV: Real-world cognition 14. Cognitive ethology: giving real life to attention research, Alan Kingstone, Daniel Smilek, Elina Birmingham, Dave Cameron & Walter Bischof15. Are automated actions beyond conscious access?, Peter McLeod, Peter Sommerville & Nick Reed16. Operator functional state: the prediction of breakdown in human performance, Robert J. Hockey
Description: This book stems from Pat Rabbit's industrious career in experimental psychology. It addresses the basic mechanisms of speeded decision-making and the changes in reaction time, decision-making, mental control, and memory that occur with age. These issues are approached from the perspective of both group and individual differences.
Purpose: The purpose is to bring together influential contributors in the areas of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience in a tribute to the career of Pat Rabbit. It is intended to provide the latest research examining the mechanisms of decision-making, processing speed, memory, and cognitive control, with a unique focus on how these abilities change with advancing age and ability.
Audience: This book is written by well-qualified authors at a level that makes it appropriate for undergraduate students, but also would be appreciated by graduate students and researchers in the areas of experimental psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and neuropsychology.
Features: The book is composed of four main sections, including reaction time and mental speed, cognitive control and frontal lobe function, memory and age, and real-world cognition. The chapters are well written and provide a collection of key studies in cognitive psychology. They are a great starting point for those looking to delve into this area. While some chapters, like that on Individual Differences and Cognitive Models of Mind, can be technical and complex, most of the chapters are generally easy to understand, even for novices. The section on frontal lobe function contains a unique survey of cognitive control from multiple perspectives, including cognitive psychology, animal studies, and neuroanatomy and neuroimaging. Furthermore, chapter 11 contains a refreshing discussion regarding strategies to modify and counteract normal age-related declines in memory, rather than focusing on just the decline itself. Finally, the books ends with a section on real-world applications of cognitive and experimental psychology and explores the extent to which lab experiments actually relate to real-world functioning. Regardless of the reader's interest in reaction time, memory, or mental control, each chapter agreeably commences with an informative abstract that makes skimming the book convenient. While the figures and illustrations tend to be sparse, they are quite helpful.
Assessment: This is a useful book that brings together significant studies and influential researchers in the areas of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Its layout is convenient, the text is easy to read and understand, and a broad range of topics is covered, assuring that everyone will find something of interest. For those seeking a more clinical approach to cognition and aging, readers may want to take a look at Geriatric Neuropsychology, Bush and Martin (Taylor & Francis, 2005).
"This is a useful book that brings together significant studies and influential researchers in the areas of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience."--Doody's
- OUP Oxford
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