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Part one considers the various aspects of meat quality. There are chapters on what determines the quality of raw meat, changing views of the nutritional quality of meat and the ...
Part one considers the various aspects of meat quality. There are chapters on what determines the quality of raw meat, changing views of the nutritional quality of meat and the factors determining such quality attributes as colour and flavour. Part two discusses how these aspects of quality are measured, beginning with the identification of appropriate quality indicators. It also includes chapters on both sensory analysis and instrumental methods including on-line monitoring and microbiological analysis. Part three reviews the range of processing techniques that have been deployed at various stages in the supply chain. Chapters include the use of modelling techniques to improve quality and productivity in beef cattle production, new decontamination techniques after slaughter, automation of carcass processing, high pressure processing of meat, developments in modified atmosphere packaging and chilling and freezing. There are also chapters on particular products such as restructured meat and fermented meat products.
With its detailed and comprehensive coverage of what defines and determines meat quality, Meat processing is a standard reference for all those involved in the meat industry and meat research.
2 Defining Meat Quality T. Becker, University of Hohenheim, Germany Introduction: what is quality?
Consumer perceptions of quality Supplier perceptions of quality Combining consumer and supplier perceptions: the quality circle Regulatory definitions of quality Improving meat and meat product quality References
Part 1 Analysing Meat Quality
3 Factors Affecting the Quality of Raw Meat R. K. Miller, Texas A & M University, USA Introduction Quality, meat composition and structure Breed and genetic effects on meat quality Dietary influences on meat quality Rearing and meat quality Slaughtering and meat quality Other influences on meat quality Summary: ensuring consistency in raw meat quality Future trends Sources of further information and advice References
4 The Nutritional Quality of Meat J. Higgs, Food to Fit; and B. Mulvihill, The National Food Centre, Ireland Introduction Meat and cancer Meat, fat content and disease Fatty acids in meat Protein in meat Meat as a functional food Meat and micronutrients Future trends Conclusion References
5 Lipid-derived Flavours in Meat Products F. Shahidi, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada Introduction The role of lipids in generating meaty flavours Lipid autoxidation and meat flavour deterioration The effect of ingredients on the flavour quality of meat The evaluation of aroma compounds and flavour quality Summary References
6 Modelling Colour Stability in Meat M. Jakobsen and G. Bertelsen, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark Introduction External factors affecting colour stability during packaging and storage Modelling dynamic changes in headspace composition Modelling in practice: fresh beef Modelling in practice: cured ham Internal factors affecting colour stability Validation of models Future trends References
7 Maximising Texture Quality in Meat D. Troy, The National Food Centre, Ireland Introduction Pre-slaughter influences on texture Post-slaughter influences on texture Measuring meat texture Future trends Sources of further information and advice References
Part 2 Measuring Quality
8 Quality Indicators for Raw Meat M. D. Aaslyng, Danish Meat Research Institute, Denmark Introduction Technological quality Eating quality Determining eating quality Sampling procedures Future trends Acknowledgement References
9 Sensory Analysis of Meat G. R. Nute, University of Bristol, UK Introduction The sensory panel Sensory tests Category scales Sensory profile methods and comparisons with instrumental measurements Comparisons between countries Conclusions References
10 On-line Monitoring of Meat Quality H. J. Swatland, University of Guelph, Canada Introduction Measuring electrical impedance Measuring pH Analysing meat properties using NIR spectrophotometry Measuring meat colour and other properties Water-holding capacity Sarcomere length Connective tissue Marbling and fat content Meat flavour Boar taint Emulsions Measuring changes during cooking Conclusions Sources of further information and advice References
11 Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Meat and Meat Products J. Corry, University of Bristol, UK Introduction Sampling Microbiological methods Quality assurance Microbiological specifications Future trends Sources of further information and advice References
Part 3 New Techniques for Improving Quality
12 Modelling Beef Cattle Production to Improve Quality K. G. Rickert, University of Queensland, Australia Introduction Elements of beef cattle production Challenges for modellers Simple model of herd structure Future developments References
13 New Developments in Decontaminating Raw Meat C. James, Food Refrigeration and Process Engineering Research Centre (FRPERC), University of Bristol, UK Introduction Current decontamination techniques and their limitations Washing The use of chemicals New methods: steam Other new methods Future trends References
14 Automated Meat Processing K. B. Madsen and J. U. Nielsen, Danish Meat Research Institute, Denmark Introduction Current developments in robotics in the meat industry Automation in pig slaughtering Case study: the evisceration process Automation of secondary processes Future trends References and further reading
15 New Developments in the Chilling and Freezing of Meat S. J. James, Food Refrigeration and Process Engineering Research Centre (FRPERC), University of Bristol, UK Introduction The impact of chilling and freezing on texture The impact of chilling and freezing on colour The impact of chilling and freezing on drip loss and evaporative weight loss The cold chain Temperature monitoring Optimising the design and operation of meat refrigeration Sources of further information and advice References
16 High Pressure Processing of Meat J. Culioli, INRA; and M. de Lamballerie-Anton, ENITIAA, France Introduction: the principles of high pressure (HP) processing The effect of HP on food components Effects on meat structure Effects on enzyme release and activity Effects on texture and colour Effects on lipid oxidation Effects on functional properties of meat proteins Effects on microflora Current applications and future developments Conclusions References
17 Processing and Quality Control of Restructured Meat P. Sheard, University of Bristol, UK Introduction Product manufacture Factors affecting product quality: temperature, ice content, particle size and mechanical properties Factors affecting product quality: protein solubility and related factors Factors affecting product quality: cooking distortion Sensory and consumer testing Future trends Sources of further information and advice References
18 Quality Control of Fermented Meat Products D. Demeyer, Gent University, Belgium; and L. Stahnke, Technical University of Denmark Introduction: the product The quality concept Sensory quality and its measurement Appearance and colour: measurement and development Texture: measurement and development Flavour: measurement and development Taste and aroma: measurement and development The control and improvement of quality Future trends in quality development
19 The Fat Content of Meat and Meat Products A. P. Moloney, The National Food Centre, Ireland Introduction Fat and the consumer The fat content of meat Animal effects on the fat content and composition of meat Dietary effects on the fat content and composition of meat Future trends Sources of information and advice References
20 Quality Control of Low-fat Meat Products J. F. Kerry, University College Cork, Ireland Introduction The influence of fat on product quality Current trends in product development Techniques for fat reduction in processed meats Functional ingredients used in low fat meat products Other factors influencing product quality Future trends Sources of further information and advice References
21 Packaging J. P. Kerry, University College Cork, Ireland Introduction The use of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP)
Developments in MAP systems Active packaging Future trends Sources of further information and advice References