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In Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture, Lance LaVine shows that in architecture, as practiced and taught today, the technological aspect of the profession-how weight is distributed, how heat flow is regulated, and how light is permitted to enter-has been ceded to engineers and other technical specialists. And in doing so, he argues, architects have lost sight of one of architecture's most important purposes, that of providing a literal and figurative window onto the world.
As a technology of habitation, architecture should provide people with both a practical and a metaphorical understanding of their relationship with nature. For LaVine, this knowledge emanates from a sensual understanding of the natural world as a "felt force." At its most basic level, architecture demands an understanding of and response to the natural forces of gravity, climate, and sunlight. At the center of Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture are case studies of four very different houses: a Finnish log farmhouse from the nineteenth century; Charles Moore's house in Arinda, California; Tadao Anmdo's Wall house in Japan; and Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye near Paris. Through his imaginative readings of structures, LaVine highlights how the architects involved have used the oldest and most fundamental architectural technologies-walls, floors, ceilings, columns, beams, and windows-in ways that offer creative responses to the natural world and humanity's place in it.
Clearly, architects are comfortable with the practical and aesthetic components of their profession. With this book, Lance LaVine encourages them also to understand what makes their use of technology unique and essential, and to reclaim the natural world for meaningful interpretation in their design of buildings.
Lance LaVine is professor of architecture and landscape architecture at the University of Minnesota.
|Introduction: The General Problem|
|Pt. I||The Reconciliation of Mechanics and Meaning in Architectural Thought|
|1||A Technology of Habitation||3|
|2||Architecture's Loss of a Distinct Technological Voice||17|
|3||Mending the Rift: Twentieth-Century Attempts to Reconcile Mechanics and Meaning||40|
|4||The Map and the Territory||63|
|Pt. II||Mechanics and Meaning in Four Houses|
|5||Finnish Log Farmhouse||89|
|6||Charles Moore House at Orinda||114|
|Conclusion: Metaphorical Technology||178|