Mechanics of Flight / Edition 2

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Overview

Explains the principles of flight mechanics through worked examples and progressive problem solving

With its unique balance of breadth and depth, coupled with a comprehensive presentation of theory and applications, Mechanics of Flight is rapidly becoming the textbook of choice to enable readers to master the science and mathematics of flight mechanics. By progressively building on the formulation and solution of simpler problems associated with aircraft performance, static stability, and control, the author guides readers from fundamental principles to the development of the general equations of motion and continues through dynamic stability, aircraft handling qualities, and flight simulation.

In response to feedback from students, instructors, practicing engineers, and test pilots, this Second Edition features much new material, including new and updated coverage of:

  • Effects of nonlinear aerodynamics on aircraft stability
  • Effects of tail dihedral on longitudinal and lateral stability
  • Lateral trim, engine failure, and minimum-control airspeed
  • Dynamic stability constraints and center-of-gravity limits
  • Flight simulation in geographic coordinates

Throughout the text, many new worked examples demonstrate how to apply principles of flight mechanics to solve engineering problems. Moreover, the text offers an array of modern and classical techniques for solving a broad range of problems in flight mechanics. Unique features include presentations of the numerical lifting-line method for efficient and accurate evaluation of stability derivatives and the quaternion formulation for six-degree-of-freedom flight simulation. Moreover, the author provides the detail needed to enable readers to write their own code.

Mechanics of Flight is designed as a textbook for a two-semester sequence of courses for students in mechanical and aerospace engineering. In addition, the text's self-contained chapters allow instructors to select individual topics for one-semester courses. The book is also a valuable reference for engineers working in the aerospace industry.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470539750
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/2/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 1152
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 2.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Warren F. Phillips, PhD, is a Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Utah State University. Dr. Phillips has more than thirty-five years of experience teaching engineering analysis and design. He has also authored more than sixty scientific journal publications on thermal fluid science, aerodynamics, and flight mechanics.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
1 Overview of Aerodynamics 1
2 Overview of Propulsion 115
3 Aircraft Performance 221
4 Longitudinal Static Stability and Trim 339
5 Lateral Static Stability and Trim 441
6 Aircraft Controls and Maneuverability 503
7 Aircraft Equations of Motion 599
8 Linearized Longitudinal Dynamics 697
9 Linearized Lateral Dynamics 765
10 Aircraft Handling Qualities and Control Response 833
11 Aircraft Flight Simulation 867
Bibliography 931
App. A Standard Atmosphere, SI Units 941
App. B Standard Atmosphere, English Units 942
Index 943
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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing all of 5 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted April 8, 2004

    Get this book!

    'Mechanics of Flight' will become a classic in the aerodynamicist's library alongside Abbott and Von Doenhoff's 'Theory of Wing Sections'. Here's why: * Coverage of topics in aircraft design is exhaustive. From balancing lift and weight for steady flight, on through off axis forces and moments from running propellers, to 6-dof formulas for aircraft dynamic modes, to how propeller location affects aircraft stability, and on and on. Great for both the beginner and the authority in aircraft. * Often a completely thorough analysis including the minutest effects is presented along with a linearized or simplified method. The simplified analysis is so useful for rapid conceptual design and study of fundamentals, while the detailed analysis gives a complete grasp of the physics and phenomena involved. Plus, in simplifying a complex derivation, the reader is shown which parameters may be safely neglected and which require careful scrutiny, and what is engineering if not intelligently ignoring smaller effects to come up with a reasonable solution to a problem? * The figures! Well thought out and consistent, the figures clearly illustrate the material. * Actual aircraft data is used in the example and homework problems. I have a feel for the performance of several classes of aircraft simply from using this book. * Phillips derives everything, and I mean everything using the fundamental laws of physics as the starting point. A student would be very well served to go through these derivations themselves. Phillips basically shows the student how to learn and how to think mathematically. No shortcuts here. I wish I had learned these things very early on in my own schooling. * Phillips has included experimental data along with rigorous analytical derivation and computer numerical analysis. I believe that all three are necessary for a true understanding of fluid dynamics. The bottom line: Buy and use this book! While it is true that the material is focused on subsonic flight, I work for a large airframer of supersonic aircraft and I find the principles and fundamentals to be extremely useful in my work. Whether you are a student or a professional, if you have an interest in aerodynamics this is THE book to use.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 9, 2004

    An absolute masterpiece!

    Warren Phillips has broken the mold with this book. I am currently a PhD student in aerospace engineering and I have found Phillip's use of examples and ability to clearly explain complex topics to be unparalleled in any other text. Myths and misunderstandings about flight mechanics that have propagated down through decades of other texts are disproved or clarified. Dr. Phillips clearly understands and has thoroughly researched each topic that he presents, as the reader is never left in the dark by the ambiguous ¿hand-waiving¿ so common in other texts. For professionals, the exhaustive index and methodical explanations make Mechanic of Flight the ideal reference. For students in mechanical, aeronautical, or aerospace engineering, there has never been available a more ¿student friendly¿ text for learning flight mechanics and flight simulation. For engineering professors, using this book will make teaching any senior or graduate level flight mechanics or flight simulation class easier for you and more enlightening for your students. Additionally, an amazing 592 page solutions manual is available from the publisher! This book is a must buy and I predict that Mechanics of Flight by Warren F. Phillips will soon be recognized by the engineering community as the ¿bible¿ of sub-sonic flight mechanics.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 7, 2004

    Clear, Comprehensive Modern Flight Mechanics

    This book lays out the concepts of aircraft performance and simulation in an exceptionally clear and easy to follow format. There is no wondering how the concepts in each chapter fit together and how they apply to aircraft design or analysis. The formulations for aircraft performance are very robust and provide the reader/student with the formulation of each equation from basic priciples in an easy to understand style. A highlight of the book are the chapters on flight simulation and dynamic stability. The methods presented for 6-dof dynamic stability and quaternion based flight simulation are clearly explained and the examples provided walk the reader through the process of implementing them. These methods are also faster and more accurate than similar methods I have seen used here at NAVAIR, and implement them every time I can into older codes. This book covers every aspect of flight mechanics that the beginning and intermediate student needs to know and does not confuse the reader!!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 8, 2004

    A 'Must Have' for students of Aircraft Design and Flight Mechanics

    As a PhD student specializing in aircraft design, I greatly value excellent textbooks. Phillips¿ Mechanics of Flight is the latest of 6 textbooks that I use. The other six textbooks include Fundamentals of Aerodynamics and Aircraft Performance and Design by Anderson, Flight Stability and Automatic Control by Nelson, and Aircraft Design by Raymer. Mechanics of Flight by Phillips is extremely well written and exhaustively researched and by far the most useful textbook I own. It has become a popular book among my colleagues who are studying for the PhD qualifying exam at Georgia Tech because the book is truly written from the ground up. Rather than presenting results and referencing other authors, Mechanics of Flight exhaustively researches the fundamentals behind aircraft performance and then derives all of the supporting equations from the ground up. All assumptions and theory limitations are clearly presented. The derivations are logically developed, do not skip major steps, and are easy to follow. Phillips even documents some common misconceptions and errors that have been made in the past (and are presented as truths in other textbooks) in developing the equations of aerodynamics, flight mechanics, and stability and control. It is obvious that Phillips has not published a single equation that he has not personally derived. Every concept is also followed by example problems that are often so detailed that they cover several pages. Phillips uses actual aircraft data in his example problems to help give the reader confidence that results are in agreement with operational aircraft. In addition, each chapter contains more homework problems than a teacher or student could ever use. Some chapters have over 70 problems. It is very obvious that these problems have been carefully crafted to help the reader master the material. What is even more impressive is that so many of the homework problems contain data from actual aircraft. I definitely think that obtaining the solution manual would also be of great worth. One other area in which this textbook is superior to other textbooks is in its figures. This textbook has more than enough excellent aircraft drawings that are invaluable in helping the reader understand the concepts of aerodynamics and aircraft performance. Phillips has also generated numerous plots of data that help the reader get a feeling for what ranges of values should be expected when performing aircraft analysis. Also of extreme importance is the consistency in Phillips' notation used throughout his textbook. Phillips has been very careful to use variables with symbols and subscripts that conform to common aerodynamic notation and remain consistent throughout the whole text. I don't think that you will find a formula throughout the whole textbook that reuses a variable that means something else in another chapter in the textbook. You don't have to reread chapters to make sure that L represents lift rather than a reference length L. And now to get into the content of the textbook. Chapter 1 gives an excellent review of the basics of aerodynamics. This chapter can be used as both an intro to aerodynamics as well as a great review. Chapter 2 reviews propulsion. The basics of turbojets, turbofans, and propellers are well covered. A lot of information about Goldstein's propeller vortex theory is presented that isn't available in any other textbook. Phillips also gives a lot of information about forces and moments developed by propellers that I haven't seen anywhere else. Chapter 3 covers aircraft performance. This chapter is very exhaustive and derives all relationships from the ground up, many starting from F=ma. All the basics needed to analyze an aircraft in flight are well presented. Of great interest is the section on takeoff. Phillips goes through a grueling analysis to symbolically integrate the governing equation to provide a closed form solution for ground roll. This is by far th

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 2, 2004

    A well-organized, comprehensive treatment!

    ¿Mechanics of Flight¿ is an excellent textbook for students of aeronautics as well as an invaluable reference for engineers practicing in aerospace, experimental homebuilders, and pilots having a flare for science. The subject matter is well-organized, thorough in coverage, comprehensively indexed, and has an impressive bibliography. There are numerous worked examples, excellent graphics to illustrate concepts, and many aeronautical/aerodynamic relationships are plotted to demonstrate parametric relationships. Numerical solution techniques are discussed throughout the book and many problems are tailored for programmed solution on a digital computer. Although this is a textbook, and the concepts are demonstrated using rigorous mathematical derivations, considerable insight into the mechanics of flight can be gained by simply reading the text, studying the figures and absorbing the numerous tips and rules of thumb the author shares. The reader is taken from overviews of aerodynamics and propulsion in the first two chapters through aircraft performance, aircraft controls and maneuverability, static stability and control, aircraft dynamics, handling qualities and finally, aircraft flight simulation. Prandtl¿s classical lifting-line method is the basis for much of the aerodynamic theory used in the book. The author uses the method to explore lift and drag for various wing planforms. He further develops the effects of wing twist and how induced drag is affected. A significant result shown is that there is an optimum washout distribution for any wing planform which will minimize induced drag. The author has also generalized lifting-line theory to allow study of the effects of wing sweep, dihedral, and interaction between lifting surfaces. As a pilot, I particularly liked the discussions on propeller theory in Chapter 2, aircraft performance in Chapter 3, and static and dynamic stability in Chapters 4, 5, 8 and 9. A thorough discussion of Goldstein¿s vortex theory and the more common propeller momentum theory provides the reader considerable insight into how a propeller does its job and how one might select a certain propeller for a particular aircraft and mission. The chapter on aircraft performance provides practical insight on fuel consumption, endurance, and range. Numerous worked examples show how these parameters change with gross weight and wind, illustrating the mathematical equations with plots to simplify the information. The section on takeoff and landing performance may be of special interest to homebuilders and pilots. I personally found the comprehensive presentation of the quaternion formulation for 6-DOF flight simulation, which is presented in Chapter 11, to be unique, interesting, and understandable. A short review cannot do justice to the comprehensive coverage of flight mechanics provided by this textbook. The book is rich in aircraft history, modern approaches to classical solution methods and new ways to look at well-founded theories. The only possible shortcoming that I could find was the need to make my way through the challenging mathematics that supports the concepts. It will be a resource used for many years by students, practicing engineers, experimental homebuilders, pilots, and maybe even model airplane enthusiasts. This book may become a classic!

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